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The influence of static versus naturalistic stimuli on face processing in children with and without Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism

Horlin, Chiara, (författare)
School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia
Falkmer, Marita, (författare)
Högskolan i Jönköping, HLK, CHILD, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
Fitzgerald, Patrick, (författare)
School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
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Ordqvist, Anna, (författare)
Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University & Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, Linköping, Sweden
Falkmer, Torbjörn, (författare)
Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. CHILD, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
Leung, Denise, (författare)
Curtin University, Australia
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Högskolan i Jönköping Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation. HLK, CHILD. (creator_code:org_t)
Högskolan i Jönköping Hälsohögskolan. HHJ. CHILD. (creator_code:org_t)
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Östergötlands Läns Landsting Sinnescentrum. Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. (creator_code:org_t)
Linköpings universitet Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Rehabiliteringsmedicin. (creator_code:org_t)
Linköpings universitet Hälsouniversitetet. (creator_code:org_t)
Linköpings universitet Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. (creator_code:org_t)
Östergötlands Läns Landsting Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland. Landstingets habilitering i centrala Östergötland. (creator_code:org_t)
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Ingår i: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. - Elsevier. - 1750-9467. ; 7:12, s. 1617-1624
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
  • Questions regarding the use of static or dynamic facial stimuli in experimental studies investigating facial processing of individuals with AS/HFA raises issues of both ecological validity and the applicability of experimental findings to clinical or everyday practice. Children with and without AS/HFA (n = 38) were fitted with a head-mounted eye-tracker and exposed to either static or interactive dynamic facial stimuli. Average fixation duration, the proportion of fixations in areas of interest and a comparative index that was independent of differences in presentation length between stimuli types were calculated. Visual scanning patterns of individuals with AS/HFA were not affected by stimuli type. However, control participants exhibited different scanning patterns between dynamic and static stimuli for certain regions of the face. Visual scanning patterns in children with AS/HFA are consistent regardless of the stimuli being a static photo or dynamic in the form of a real face. Hence, information from experimental studies with static photos of faces provide information that is valid and can be generalised to "real world" interactions.




Face processing
Face processing; ASD; Eye-tracking; Dynamic

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