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What biopsychosocial factors are associated with work ability in conservatively managed patients with cervical radiculopathy? A cross-sectional analysis

Abbott, A (författare)
Allard, M (författare)
Kierkegaard, M, (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
visa fler...
Peolsson, A (författare)
Dedering, Å, (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
visa färre...
Linköpings universitet Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Avdelningen för fysioterapi. (creator_code:org_t)
Linköpings universitet Medicinska fakulteten. (creator_code:org_t)
2020
Engelska.
Ingår i: PM&R. - John Wiley & Sons. - 1934-1482. ; 12:1, s. 64-72
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Abstract Ämnesord
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  • BackgroundNo previous studies have investigated what biopsychosocial factors are associated with self‐reported work ability in conservatively managed patients with cervical radiculopathy.ObjectiveTo develop a theoretical model of factors and potential processes associated with variation in work ability based on a thorough assessment of biopsychosocial variables in conservatively managed patients with cervical radiculopathy.DesignCross‐sectional observational study.SettingTertiary neurosurgery clinic.PatientsA total of 144 conservatively managed patients with cervical pain and radiculopathy participated in the study.MethodsFrom 64 biopsychosocial candidate variables, significant (P < .05) bivariate correlators with Work Ability Index (WAI) were entered as independent variables in a categorical regression. Elastic net regularization maintained the most parsimonious set of independent variables significantly associated with variation in WAI as the dependent variable. Process analysis of significant independent variable associations with WAI was performed.Main Outcome MeasurementWAI.ResultsFrom 42 bivariate correlates of WAI, multivariate regression displayed a total of seven variables that were significantly (F [25,98] = 5.74, P < .05) associated with 65.8% of the variation in WAI. The Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Fear‐Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire Work subscale (FABQ‐W) were significant individual factors within the final regression model. Process analysis displayed FABQ‐W having a significant specific indirect association with the direct association between NDI and WAI, with the model associated with 77% of the variability in WAI (F [2,84] = 141.17, P < .001).ConclusionOf 64 candidate biopsychosocial factors, NDI and FABQ‐W were the most significant multivariate correlates with work ability. FABQ‐W has a significant indirect association with baseline NDI scores and perceived work ability. This warrants future research trialing work‐related fear avoidance interventions in conservatively managed patients with cervical radiculopathy.Level of EvidenceIII

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Sjukgymnastik (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Physiotherapy (hsv//eng)

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Abbott, A
Allard, M
Kierkegaard, M
Peolsson, A
Dedering, Å
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MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
MEDICIN OCH HÄLS ...
och Hälsovetenskaper
och Sjukgymnastik
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PM&R
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Karolinska Institutet
Linköpings universitet

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