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Evaluation of seabirds in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, as hosts of influenza A viruses.

Wille, Michelle (författare)
Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada,Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology
Huang, Yanyan (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Robertson, Gregory J (författare)
Wildlife Research Division, Environment Canada, Mount Pearl, Newfoundland A1N 4T3 Canada
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Ryan, Pierre (författare)
Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Mount Pearl, Newfoundland A1N 4T3 Canada
Wilhelm, Sabina I (författare)
Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Mount Pearl, Newfoundland A1N 4T3 Canada
Fifield, David (författare)
Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Mount Pearl, Newfoundland A1N 4T3 Canada
Bond, Alexander L (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Granter, Alissa (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Munro, Hannah (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Buxton, Rachel (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Jones, Ian L (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Fitzsimmons, Michelle G (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Burke, Chantelle (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Tranquilla, Laura McFarlane (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Rector, Megan (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Takahashi, Linda (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Kouwenberg, Amy-Lee (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Storey, Anne (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Walsh, Carolyn (författare)
Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Graduate Program, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Hedd, April (författare)
Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Montevecchi, William A (författare)
Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
Runstadler, Jonathan A (författare)
Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
Ojkic, Davor (författare)
Animal Health Laboratory, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
Whitney, Hugh (författare)
Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources, St. John's, Newfoundland A1E 3Y5, Canada
Lang, Andrew S (författare)
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada
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 (creator_code:org_t)
2014
2014
Engelska.
Ingår i: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. - 0090-3558 .- 1943-3700. ; 50:1, s. 98-103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Influenza A viruses infect a wide range of hosts, including many species of birds. Avian influenza A virus (AIV) infection appears to be most common in Anseriformes (ducks, geese, and swans) and some Charadriiformes (shorebirds and gulls), but many other birds also serve as hosts of AIV. Here, we evaluated the role of seabirds as hosts for AIV. We tested 3,160 swab samples from 13 seabird species between May 2008 and December 2011 in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. We also tested 156 serum samples for evidence of previous infection of AIV in Common Murres (Uria aalge) and Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica). Avian influenza A virus was detected in breeding Common Murres and nonbreeding Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia), and Common Murres also had high antibody prevalence (44%). From these findings, combined with other studies showing AIV infection in murres, we conclude that murres are important for the ecology of AIV. For other species (Razorbill, Alca torda; Leach's Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa; Black-legged Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla; Atlantic Puffin) with good coverage (>100 samples) we did not detect AIV. However, serology indicates infection does occur in Atlantic Puffins, with 22% antibody prevalence found. The possibility of virus spread through dense breeding colonies and the long distance movements of these hosts make a more thorough evaluation of the role for seabirds as hosts of AIV important.

Ämnesord

NATURAL SCIENCES  -- Biological Sciences -- Microbiology (hsv//eng)
NATURVETENSKAP  -- Biologiska vetenskaper -- Mikrobiologi (hsv//swe)
NATURVETENSKAP  -- Biologi (hsv//swe)
NATURAL SCIENCES  -- Biological Sciences (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Zoonotic Ecology
Zoonotisk ekologi

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