The suitability and effectiveness of four different types of British made respirators were studied with respect to comfort, convenience and fit on wearers in Sri Lanka (a developing country). Objective and subjective assessments were made to evaluate the degree of discomfort and interferences to the use of senses. The study revealed that factors such as breathing resistance, work-rate and activity period affected the physiological responses. The weight of the respirator and the skin temperature had no direct relationship with the cardiovascular stress. Positive-pressure respirators that gave lower face temperatures than negative-pressure masks gave this type of respirator an additional advantage in hot environments. Respirators that restricted jaw movement affected the speech intelligibility of the wearer. Orinasal masks restricted vision more than the other types. The problem of fit was found negligible though head and face dimensions significantly differed between the British and the Sri Lankans. Subjective assessment correlated well with objective tests.
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY -- Mechanical Engineering -- Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics (hsv//eng)
TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER -- Maskinteknik -- Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi (hsv//swe)
TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER -- Maskinteknik (hsv//swe)
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY -- Mechanical Engineering (hsv//eng)