The Nord Stream project, which comprises two natural gas pipelines in the Baltic Sea, eminently illustrates several of the ambiguities that pertain to the ability of coastal States to regulate the laying and operation of transit pipelines in their exclusive economic zone and, conversely, the extent of the right of other States to carry out such activities. A highly significant issue is how seabed surveys undertaken in preparation for the laying of pipelines should be characterized, and thus regulated, under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. What is to be considered a ‘reasonable measure’ by a coastal State is another crucial issue which, together with the extent of the requirement for consent by the coastal State for any specific pipeline route, are decisive for defining the balance between potentially competing interests relating to submarine transit pipelines.
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP -- Juridik -- Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle) (hsv//swe)
SOCIAL SCIENCES -- Law -- Law (excluding Law and Society) (hsv//eng)
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP -- Juridik -- Juridik och samhälle (hsv//swe)
SOCIAL SCIENCES -- Law -- Law and Society (hsv//eng)
Public International Law
marine scientific research
gas pipelines; sea based pipelines; seabed surveys; UNCLOS