The thesis examines interconnections between the Corinthian Gulf and its surrounding hinterlands during the Archaic and Classical-Early Hellenistic period, c. 600 to 300 B.C. Interconnections have been studied through site patterns in the surrounding regions. The distribution of sites shows that significant clusters of habitation and localities interpreted as central place sites can be recognised along a series of natural routes connecting the coastal zone with inland areas.These routes often consist of river valleys, which often form a series of interconnected valley systems, though in many areas the upland environments also present recognisable paths between the coast and the hinterland. Imports in the archaeological record further point to the movement of goods along these routes and can be associated with patterns of trade.The movement of goods may also be correlated with developing regional economies and connectivity. The hinterlands contain multiple environments which stimulated different subsistence and production strategies, suggesting that coastal areas would have acted as connection points within exchange systems linked to these economies, especially those of upland landscapes. Pastoral production seems, in particular, to have played an important part and harbours by the Gulf presented possible outlets for the export of products such as wool and hides, as well as opportunities for the import of staples that could not be produced in sufficient quantities. The identified coast-hinterland routes can furthermore be linked with developing political landscapes, and the incorporation of coastal zones and routes into the territories of specific states. Remains of fortification walls indicate the development of a military infrastructure, which can be correlated with the development of state territories and which points to concerns over the military control of coast-hinterland routes.
HUMANIORA -- Historia och arkeologi -- Arkeologi (hsv//swe)
HUMANITIES -- History and Archaeology -- Archaeology (hsv//eng)
Archaic and Classical-Early Hellenistic Greece
HUMANITIES and RELIGION History and philosophy subjects Archaeology subjects Archaeology, classical
HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP Historisk-filosofiska ämnen Arkeologiämnen Arkeologi, klassisk