BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of circulating IGF-I have consistently been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. We recently found a haplotype in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, and we hypothesized that the observed association is mediated by circulating IGF-I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed haplotypes and three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating levels IGF-I in 698 control subjects from the CAncer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study and 575 cases and controls from the prospective Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort (NSHDC) study. We also performed a meta-analysis of these two and four other association studies on genetic variation in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating IGF-I levels. RESULTS: The IGF-I haplotype previously associated with prostate cancer risk, labeled "TCC," was associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the CAPS study (P = 0.02), but not in the NSHDC study. In contrast, two of the three IGF-I htSNPs tagging this haplotype, rs6220 and rs7136446, were associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the NSHDC (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively), but not in the CAPS study. In the meta-analysis, the TCC haplotype and the rs6220 SNP were associated with elevated levels of circulating IGF-I (P = 0.001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variation in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene seems to influence circulating levels of IGF-I. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that variation in the IGF-I gene plays a role in prostate cancer susceptibility by influencing circulating levels of IGF-I.
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)