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Community-dwelling older people with an injurious fall are likely to sustain new injurious falls within 5 years a prospective long-term follow-up study

Pohl, Petra, (författare)
Umeå universitet, Fysioterapi
Nordin, Ellinor, (författare)
Umeå universitet, Sjukgymnastik
Lundquist, Anders, (författare)
Umeå universitet, Statistik
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Bergström, Ulrica, (författare)
Umeå universitet, Ortopedi
Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor, (författare)
Umeå universitet, Sjukgymnastik, Arcum
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Umeå universitet Medicinska fakulteten. Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering. Fysioterapi. (creator_code:org_t)
Umeå universitet Medicinska fakulteten. Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering. Sjukgymnastik. (creator_code:org_t)
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Umeå universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet. Statistik. (creator_code:org_t)
Umeå universitet Medicinska fakulteten. Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap. Ortopedi. (creator_code:org_t)
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2014
Engelska.
Ingår i: BMC Geriatrics. - BioMed Central. - 1471-2318. ; 14:1, s. 120
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  • BACKGROUND: Fall-related injuries in older people are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Self-reported fall events in the last year is often used to estimate fall risk in older people. However, it remains to be investigated if the fall frequency and the consequences of the falls have an impact on the risk for subsequent injurious falls in the long term. The objective of this study was to investigate if a history of one single non-injurious fall, at least two non-injurious falls, or at least one injurious fall within 12 months increases the risk of sustaining future injurious falls.METHODS: Community-dwelling individuals 75-93 years of age (n = 230) were initially followed prospectively with monthly calendars reporting falls over a period of 12 months. The participants were classified into four groups based on the number and type of falls (0, 1, ≥2 non-injurious falls, and ≥1 injurious fall severe enough to cause a visit to a hospital emergency department). The participants were then followed for several years (mean time 5.0 years ±1.1) regarding injurious falls requiring a visit to the emergency department. The Andersen-Gill method of Cox regression for multiple events was used to estimate the risk of injurious falls.RESULTS: During the long-term follow-up period, thirty per cent of the participants suffered from at least one injurious fall. Those with a self-reported history of at least one injurious fall during the initial 12 months follow-up period showed a significantly higher risk for sustaining subsequent injurious falls in the long term (hazard ratio 2.78; 95% CI, 1.40-5.50) compared to those with no falls. No other group showed an increased risk.CONCLUSIONS: In community-dwelling people over 75 years of age, a history of at least one self-reported injurious fall severe enough to cause a visit to the emergency department within a period of 12 months implies an increased risk of sustaining future injurious falls. Our results support the recommendations to offer a multifactorial fall-risk assessment coupled with adequate interventions to community-dwelling people over 75 years who present to the ED due to an injurious fall.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Sjukgymnastik (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Physiotherapy (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Geriatrik (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Geriatrics (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

accidental falls
 older adults
 risk factors
 community-dwelling
 fall prediction

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Av författaren/redakt...
Pohl, Petra
Nordin, Ellinor
Lundquist, Ander ...
Bergström, Ulric ...
Lundin-Olsson, L ...
Om ämnet
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
MEDICIN OCH HÄLS ...
och Hälsovetenskaper
och Sjukgymnastik
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
MEDICIN OCH HÄLS ...
och Klinisk medicin
och Geriatrik
Artiklar i publikationen
BMC Geriatrics
Av lärosätet
Umeå universitet

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