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Alcohol and long-term prognosis after a first acute myocardial infarction : the SHEEP study

Janszky, Imre (författare)
Ljung, Rickard (författare)
Ahnve, Staffan (författare)
visa fler...
Hallqvist, Johan, 1950- (författare)
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet
Bennet, Anna M (författare)
Mukamal, Kenneth J (författare)
Bennet, AM (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Mukamal, KJ (författare)
Ljung, R (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Janszky, I (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Hallqvist, J (författare)
Ahnve, S (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
visa färre...
 (creator_code:org_t)
2008
2008
Engelska.
Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 29:1, s. 45-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • CONTEXTFew studies have investigated the relation between alcohol consumption, former drinking, and prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), particularly for non-fatal outcomes.OBJECTIVETo investigate the prognostic importance of drinking habits among patients surviving a first AMI.DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND PATIENTSA total of 1346 consecutive patients between 45-70 years with a first non-fatal AMI underwent a standardized clinical examination and were followed for over 8 years.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESTotal and cardiac mortality and hospitalization for non-fatal cardiovascular disease in relation to individual alcoholic beverage consumption at the time of AMI and 5 years before inclusion, assessed by a standardized questionnaire administered during hospitalization.RESULTSWe recorded 267 deaths, and 145 deaths from cardiac causes, during the follow-up period. After adjustment for several potential confounders, hazard ratios for total and cardiac mortality were 0.77 (0.51-1.15) and 0.61 (0.36-1.02) for those drinking >0-<5 g per day, 0.77 (0.50-1.18) and 0.62 (0.36-1.07) for those drinking 5-20 g per day, and 0.89 (0.56-1.40) and 0.69 (0.38-1.25) for those drinking over 20 g per day. Risk of hospitalization for recurrent non-fatal AMI, stroke, or heart failure generally showed a similar pattern to that of total and cardiac mortality. Recent quitters at the time of AMI had a hazard ratio of 4.55 (2.03-10.20) for total mortality. Measures of insulin sensitivity appeared to be the strongest mediators of this association.CONCLUSIONSModerate alcohol drinking might have beneficial effects on several aspects of long-term prognosis after an AMI. Our findings also highlight that former drinkers should be examined separately from long-term abstainers. The potential mechanisms that underlie this association still need to be elucidated.

Nyckelord

alcohol
acute myocardial infarction
prognosis
MEDICINE
MEDICIN

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