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Pro-bullying attitudes among incarcerated juvenile delinquents : Antisocial behavior, psychopathic tendencies and violent crime

Wiklund, Gunnar (författare)
Ruchkin, Vladislav V. (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Koposov, Roman A. (författare)
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af Klinteberg, Britt (författare)
Stockholms universitet,Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS),Psykologiska institutionen
Ruchkin, VV (författare)
Koposov, RA (författare)
Wiklund, G (författare)
af Klinteberg, B (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
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 (creator_code:org_t)
New York : Pergamon Press, 2014
2014
Engelska.
Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. - New York : Pergamon Press. - 0160-2527 .- 1873-6386. ; 37:3, s. 281-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • The objective was to evaluate a new scale aimed at assessing antisocial attitudes, the Pro-bullying Attitude Scale (PAS), on a group of 259 voluntarily-recruited male juvenile delinquents from a juvenile correctional institution in Arkhangelsk, North-western Russia. Exploratory factor analysis gave a two-factor solution: Factor 1 denoted Callous/Dominance and Factor 2 denoted Manipulativeness/Impulsiveness. Subjects with complete data on PAS and Childhood Psychopathy Scale (CPS) (n = 171) were divided into extreme groups (first and fourth quartiles) according to their total scores on PAS and the two factor scores, respectively. The extreme groups of total PAS and PAS Factor 1 differed in CPS ratings and in violent behavior as assessed by the Antisocial Behavior Checklist (ABC). They also differed in the personality dimension Harm Avoidance as measured by use of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and in delinquent and aggressive behavior as assessed by the Youth Self Report (YSR). The extreme groups of PAS Factor 2, in turn, differed in aggressive behavior as assessed by the YSR, and in the TCI scale Self-Directedness. When PAS was used as a continuous variable, total PAS and PAS Factor 1 (Callous/Dominance) were significantly positively related to registered violent crime. The possible usefulness of PAS in identifying high-risk individuals for bullying tendencies among incarcerated delinquents is discussed.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Psychiatry (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Psykiatri (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Pro-bullying attitudes
Psychopathic tendencies
Personality traits
Violence
Juvenile delinquents

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