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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and physical multimorbidity : A population-based study

Stickley, A. (författare)
NCNP, Dept Child & Adolescent Mental Hlth, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan.;Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change SCOHOST, S-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.;Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Human Ecol, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.
Koyanagi, A. (författare)
Univ Barcelona, Fundacio St Joan de Deu, Parc Sanitari St Joan de Deu, Dr Antoni Pujadas 42, Barcelona 08830, Spain.;CIBERSAM, Inst Salud Carlos III, Ctr Invest Biomed Red Salud Mental, Monforte de Lemos 3-5 Pabellon 11, Madrid 28029, Spain.
Takahashi, H. (författare)
NCNP, Dept Child & Adolescent Mental Hlth, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan.,National Centre for Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan
visa fler...
Ruchkin, Vladislav V., 1969- (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri,Yale Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Child Study, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Inoue, Y. (författare)
Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, Carolina Populat Ctr, 137 East Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC USA.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Kamio, Y. (författare)
NCNP, Dept Child & Adolescent Mental Hlth, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan.,National Centre for Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan
Stickley, Andrew (författare)
Södertörns högskola,Sociologi,SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change),National Centre for Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan / University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Ruchkin, V. (författare)
Yale University Medical School, New Haven, USA / Uppsala University
Koyanagi, Ai (författare)
Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / Instituto de Salud Carlos III, CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain
visa färre...
NCNP, Dept Child & Adolescent Mental Hlth, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan;Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change SCOHOST, S-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.;Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Human Ecol, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan. Univ Barcelona, Fundacio St Joan de Deu, Parc Sanitari St Joan de Deu, Dr Antoni Pujadas 42, Barcelona 08830, Spain.;CIBERSAM, Inst Salud Carlos III, Ctr Invest Biomed Red Salud Mental, Monforte de Lemos 3-5 Pabellon 11, Madrid 28029, Spain. (creator_code:org_t)
Elsevier, 2017
2017
Engelska.
Ingår i: European psychiatry. - : Elsevier. - 0924-9338 .- 1778-3585. ; 45, s. 227-234
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Background: There has been little research on the association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with co-occurring physical diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between possible ADHD and physical multimorbidity (i.e. >= 2 physical diseases) among adults in the English general population.Methods: Data were analyzed from 7274 individuals aged >= 18 years that came from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. ADHD symptoms were assessed with the Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener. Information was also obtained on 20 self-reported doctor/other health professional diagnosed physical health conditions present in the past 12 months. Multivariable logistic regression and mediation analyses were conducted to assess the associations.Results: There was a monotonic relation between the number of physical diseases and possible ADHD (ASRS score >= 14). Compared to those with no diseases, individuals with >= 5 diseases had over 3 times higher odds for possible ADHD (odds ratio [OR]: 3.30, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.48-4.37). This association was observed in all age groups. Stressful life events (% mediated 10.3-24.3%), disordered eating (6.8%), depression (12.8%), and anxiety (24.8%) were significant mediators in the association between possible ADHD and physical multimorbidity.Conclusion: Adults that screen positive for ADHD are at an increased risk for multimorbidity and several factors are important in this association. As many adults with ADHD remain undiagnosed, the results of this study highlight the importance of detecting adult ADHD as it may confer an increased risk for poorer health outcomes, including physical multimorbidity.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Psychiatry (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Psykiatri (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

ADHD
Multimorbidity
Physical disease
Epidemiology
Stress

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