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Sökning: onr:"swepub:oai:DiVA.org:uu-342666" > The role of depress...

The role of depression and personality traits in patients with melanoma : a South-European study

Gogas, Helen J. (författare)
Laikon Gen Hosp, Dept Med 1, Athens, Greece.
Karalexi, Maria A. (författare)
Univ Athens, Sch Med, Dept Hyg Epidemiol & Med Stat, Athens, Greece.
Dessypris, Nick (författare)
Univ Athens, Sch Med, Dept Hyg Epidemiol & Med Stat, Athens, Greece.
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Antoniadis, Antonios G. (författare)
Univ Athens, Sch Med, Dept Hyg Epidemiol & Med Stat, Athens, Greece.
Papadopoulos, Fotios, 1976- (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset
Petridou, Eleni T. (författare)
Univ Athens, Sch Med, Dept Hyg Epidemiol & Med Stat, Athens, Greece.
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Laikon Gen Hosp, Dept Med 1, Athens, Greece Univ Athens, Sch Med, Dept Hyg Epidemiol & Med Stat, Athens, Greece. (creator_code:org_t)
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, 2017
2017
Engelska.
Ingår i: Melanoma research. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0960-8931 .- 1473-5636. ; 27:6, s. 625-631
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • We explored the potential association of depression history and personality, evaluated through a robust questionnaire tool, namely the Eysenck Personality Scale, with disease risk and progression among Greek patients. A total of 106 melanoma patients and their 1 : 1 sex-matched controls were interviewed on the basis of a questionnaire comprising phenotypic, sociodemographic, lifestyle and medical history variables, as well as information on history of lifetime major depression. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, measuring the four personality dimensions (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, lie), was thereafter completed. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for melanoma risk were derived through multiple logistic regression analyses, whereas potential predictors of survival were explored using Cox proportional hazards models. Sun sensitivity score [OR: 1.55, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.16-2.06] and major depression history (OR: 5.72, 95% CI: 1.38-23.73) were significantly associated with melanoma, whereas inverse associations of extraversion (OR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.83-0.97) and psychoticism score (OR: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.78-1.00) were noted. These associations were more pronounced and remained solely among female patients; notably, decreased extraversion (OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.76-0.98) and psychoticism score (OR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.91), as well as increased depression history (OR: 10.69, 95% CI: 1.43-80.03) were evident. Cox-derived hazard ratios showed nonsignificant associations of depression history and personality with disease outcome. Our data support the hypotheses that depression history and personality are associated with melanoma risk. No effect on survival after cancer diagnosis was observed. If confirmed in future studies, these associations may contribute toward better understanding the etiology of melanoma, enhancing health-related quality of life. Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Cancer and Oncology (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Cancer och onkologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

depression history
Eysenck Personality Questionnaire
malignant melanoma risk
personality traits
survival

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