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Sökning: onr:"swepub:oai:DiVA.org:uu-396690" > Risk Factors Associ...

Risk Factors Associated with Alcohol Use in Early Adolescence among American Inner-City Youth : A Longitudinal Study

Isaksson, Johan (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri,b Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Pediatric Neuropsychiatry Unit, Centre for Neurodevelopmental Disorders at Karolinska Institutet (KIND), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Sjöblom, Sebastian (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Schwab-Stone, Mary (författare)
Child Study Center, Yale University Medical School, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
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Stickley, Andrew (författare)
Södertörns högskola,SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change),National Institute of Mental Health, Tokyo, Japan
Ruchkin, Vladislav, 1969- (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri,c Child Study Center, Yale University Medical School, New Haven, Connecticut, USA;Säter Forensic Psychiatric Clinic, Säter, Sweden
Ruchkin, V. (författare)
Uppsala University / Yale University Medical School, New Haven, CT, US / Säter Forensic Psychiatric Clinic
Isaksson, J. (författare)
Uppsala University / Karolinska Intitutet
Sjöblom, S. (författare)
Uppsala University
Schwab-Stone, M. (författare)
Yale University Medical School, New Haven, CT, US
Stickley, A (författare)
Sjoblom, S (författare)
Isaksson, J (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Ruchkin, V (författare)
Schwab-Stone, M (författare)
visa färre...
 (creator_code:org_t)
Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
2020
Engelska.
Ingår i: Substance Use & Misuse. - : Taylor & Francis Group. - 1082-6084 .- 1532-2491. ; 55:3, s. 358-366
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Background: Early alcohol use is associated with an increased risk for later alcohol dependence, as well as social and mental health problems. In this study, we investigate the risk factors (internalizing and externalizing behaviors) associated with early alcohol consumption over a period of 1 year, and examine whether the association is sex-specific. Methods: U.S. inner-city adolescents (N = 1785, Mean age = 12.11) were assessed and reassessed in the sixth and seventh grades (Mean age = 13.10). Self-reported information was obtained on the lifetime level of alcohol consumption, internalizing (depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress [PTS]), and externalizing behaviors (sensation seeking, conduct problems and affiliation with delinquent peers). Associations between the variables were examined using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results: In an adjusted SEM analysis drinking by the sixth grade was primarily associated with externalizing behaviors, whereas PTS was linked to lower levels of alcohol consumption. In addition, alcohol consumption and greater externalizing behaviors by the sixth grade predicted higher alcohol consumption by the seventh grade, whereas anxiety and African American ethnicity were associated with less alcohol consumption. No sex differences were found in the association between internalizing and externalizing behaviors and drinking. However, in the adjusted SEM analysis female sex predicted higher lifetime consumption by the seventh grade. Conclusion: Sensation seeking behavior, conduct problems and affiliation with delinquent peers should be regarded as risk factors and taken into consideration when planning prevention efforts in order to decrease alcohol use in early adolescence.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Psychiatry (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Psykiatri (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Substance Abuse (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Beroendelära (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Alcohol use
adolescents
externalizing symptoms
internalizing symptoms
longitudinal study

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