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Sökning: onr:"swepub:oai:DiVA.org:uu-5847" > Modell, människa el...

Modell, människa eller människosyn? : En analys av kritiska perspektiv på bilden av människan i neoklassisk ekonomisk teori

Löfstedt, Malin, 1968- (författare)
Uppsala universitet, Etik
Uppsala universitet Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet. Teologiska fakulteten. Teologiska institutionen. Tros- och livsåskådningsvetenskap. Etik. (creator_code:org_t)
ISBN 91-554-6222-7
Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005
Svenska 186 s.
Serie: Uppsala Studies in Social Ethics, 0346-6507 ; 31
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • This study deals with the picture of human being in neoclassical economic theory. Most often this picture is described as an individual agent acting rationally to maximize his own self-interest. Is this a pure model, is it a description of human behavior, or is it even a view of humans built on assumptions of human nature not empirically testable? A first aim of this analysis is to clarify how this picture of human beings should be understood. A second aim is to analyze four critical perspectives of this picture, namely an institutional perspective, a feminist perspective, an African perspective and a communitarian perspective. A third aim is to discuss this picture and the critique of it in relation to the theological concept ‘view of humans’.The neoclassical economists primarily understand the model as a model only. But at the same time they also admit that there are some connections between the model and real humans, and that people in general behave as the model. The critics on the other hand primarily discuss the model as if it was a mirror of real persons, built on empirically nontestable assumptions about human nature. They argue the model primarily should be understood as a ‘view of humans’. This means that there is a dissonance between neoclassical economists and their critics in how they interpret the model and its connections to reality. Even though neoclassical economists would not admit that their model implies a ‘view of humans’, it is here argued that there is a specific ‘view of humans’ in the foundations of the model, due to its historical context. This ‘view of humans’ is identical with the liberal view, and explains human beings primarily as rational, selfinterested and atomistic individuals. Since this is in contrast with the view of humans implicit in the critique of the model it is concluded that there is also a dissonance in the ‘view of humans’ between neoclassical economists and their critics.

Ämnesord

HUMANIORA  -- Filosofi, etik och religion -- Filosofi (hsv//swe)
HUMANITIES  -- Philosophy, Ethics and Religion -- Philosophy (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Ethics
Neoclassical economics
view of humans
description of humans
model of humans
rationality
self interest
individualism
context
interpretation
dissonance
institutional perspective
feminist perspective
African perspective
communitarian perspective
Etik
HUMANITIES and RELIGION History and philosophy subjects Philosophy subjects
HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP Historisk-filosofiska ämnen Filosofiämnen

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