SwePub
Sök i LIBRIS databas

  Utökad sökning

onr:"swepub:oai:gup.ub.gu.se/179588"
 

Sökning: onr:"swepub:oai:gup.ub.gu.se/179588" > ADHD, autism spectr...

ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, temperament, and character: Phenotypical associations and etiology in a Swedish childhood twin study.

Kerekes, Nora (författare)
Brandstrom, Sven (författare)
Lundstrom, Sebastian (författare)
visa fler...
Råstam, Maria, (författare)
Lunds universitet, Lund University, Medicinska fakulteten, Faculty of Medicine, Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Lund, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Sektion IV, Division IV, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Nilsson, Thomas (författare)
Anckarsater, Henrik (författare)
Brändström, Sven, (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa, Gothenburg University, Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
Lundström, Sebastian, (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa, Gillbergcentrum, Gothenburg University, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre
Anckarsäter, Henrik, 1966- (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa, Gothenburg University, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
visa färre...
Lunds universitet Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri. (creator_code:org_t)
Göteborgs universitet Sahlgrenska akademin. Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa. 
visa fler...
Göteborgs universitet Sahlgrenska akademin. Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi. 
Göteborgs universitet Sahlgrenska akademin. Gillbergcentrum. 
visa färre...
2013
Engelska.
Ingår i: Comprehensive psychiatry. - 1532-8384. ; 54:8
Läs hela texten (fulltext)
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Objective: To explore the links between neurodevelopmental disorders attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and personality in a population-based, genetically sensitive study of children. Method: A population-based sample of 1886 twins aged 9 and 12, enriched for childhood mental health problems, was recruited from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS). Parents were interviewed over the telephone using the Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities (A-TAC) inventory, and in a second step they rated their children according to the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI). Results: ADHD was strongly correlated with novelty seeking, while ASD was correlated positively with harm avoidance and negatively with reward dependence. The strongest associations between personality traits and neurodevelopmental disorders were negative correlations between the character dimensions of self-directedness and cooperativeness and ADHD and ASD alike. Cross-twin cross-trait correlations between ADHD, ASD, and personality dimensions in monozygotic twins were more than double those in dizygotic twins, indicating a strong genetic effect behind the phenotypic covariation between neurodevelopmental disorders and personality. Conclusions: Neurodevelopmental disorders are linked specifically to particular temperament profiles and generally to hampered development of the self-governing strategies referred to as "character." Poor self-agency and cooperation may be core functional outcomes in the separation of children with handicapping conditions from those with traits only reminiscent of neurodevelopmental disorders. The associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and personality are at least partly due to genetic effects influencing both conditions. As a consequence, personality must be broadly considered in neuropsychiatry, just as neuropsychiatric disorders and their genetic, neurodevelopmental, and cognitive susceptibilities have to be in personality research and clinical treatment. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Psykiatri (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Psychiatry (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

ADHD
ASD
personality

Publikations- och innehållstyp

art (ämneskategori)
ref (ämneskategori)

Hitta via bibliotek

Till lärosätets databas

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy