An Application of Variation Theory of Learning in Higher Education
Rovio-Johansson, Airi, 1939- (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Gothenburg Research Institute (GRI), Gothenburg University, Gothenburg Research Institute (GRI)
Göteborgs universitet Handelshögskolan. Gothenburg Research Institute (GRI).
Ingår i: Malcolm Tight & Jeroen Huisman (Eds.) Theory and Method in Higher Education Research. International Perspectives on Higher Education Research, Vol. 9. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited. - 978-1-78190-682-8 ; s. 261-279
The purpose of this paper is to investigate students’ qualitatively different ways of understanding the learning object, basic economic relationship in three undergraduate courses in the discipline of accounting. The theoretical framework of variation theory, a general learning theory is applied. The lecturers chose a learning object which is investigated under two different teaching conditions – the traditional lecture model and the variational method. Two student groups were identified as a comparison group and a target group, comparable in various relevant parameters. All students took three required accounting courses. In the comparison group, the lecturers used the traditional lecture model and in the target group the variational model. The results indicated significant differences between the two groups’ examination results in the three courses. Students in the target group performed much better. The conclusions for students’ understanding of the subject, educational implications, contributions, limitations and further research of the study are discussed.