Background: Organizational psychology often focuses on how personal characteristics match vocational choices. Nevertheless, while people may choose their work place, companies try to decide who is the best woman or man for the job. We detail the development, provide distributions and investigate the reliability of JobMatch, an instrument that measures work-relevant characteristics and experiences in relation to different types of jobs. Method: JobMatch was based on the ‘Big Five’ model of personality and semi-structured interviews with recruitment experts (e.g., human resources personnel, company leaders). A total of 18,002 individuals have completed JobMatch in real recruitment settings. Results: 10 scales, with 3 sub-scales in each, were identified as measures of important work-related individual characteristics and competence. These scales were verified through factor analysis. The Cronbach’s alphas varied between .74-.86. Conclusions: JobMatch is suggested as a promising framework in the prediction of suitability of individuals’ characteristics and competence against particular occupational positions.