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Quality of life, social situation, and sexual satisfaction, in adult males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Falhammar, Henrik (författare)
Nyström, Helena Filipsson, 1966 (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition,Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
Thorén, Marja (författare)
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Thoren, M (författare)
Falhammar, H (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Nystrom, HF (författare)
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Ingår i: Endocrine. - 1559-0100. ; 47:1, s. 299-307
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
  • To determine quality of life (QoL) in adult males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). CAH males with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (n = 30), 19-67 years old, were compared with controls (n = 32). QoL was assessed using questionnaires on general living conditions and sexual issues, and the psychological well-being index (PGWB) form. Fewer CAH males than controls were students (3 vs. 25 %, P = 0.028) and more had blue-collar work (57 vs. 33 %, P = 0.023). Patients were less interested in sports (47 vs. 72 %, P = 0.034) and art/literature/film (10 vs. 47 %, P = 0.004). PGWB total score was 82.7 ± 13.7 versus 87.0 ± 11.1 (P = NS), but hydrocortisone/cortisone acetate treated scored lower than controls and prednisolone treated. Glucocorticoid over-treated had lower QoL than those with poor control (PGWB total score 77.1 ± 13.5 vs. 92.4 ± 11.1, P = 0.026) and controls (P = 0.025). Total PGWB score was positively correlated with adrenal androgens and steroid precursors. Subscale scores indicated that patients with late diagnosis were more depressive (12.1 ± 2.8 vs. 13.9 ± 1.4, P = 0.011) and had a lower self-control (11.3 ± 3.6 vs. 13.1 ± 1.0, P = 0.019) compared with controls. Sexual satisfaction was similar in spite of more patients being sexually inactive (27 vs. 6 %, P = 0.040). Adult CAH males differed from controls with respect to type of occupation and spare time interests but had similar QoL despite being less sexually active. Optimizing glucocorticoid therapy might further improve QoL. Some disadvantages found in patients diagnosed late will hopefully not be seen in patients diagnosed by neonatal screening, but this has yet to be studied.

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