The success of radiotherapy depends on the total radiation dose, which is limited by the tolerance of surrounding normal tissues. Since there is substantial variation among patients in normal-tissue radiosensitivity, we have tested the hypothesis that in-vitro cellular radiosensitivity is correlated with in-vitro normal-tissue responses. We exposed skin fibroblast cell lines from six radiation-treated patients to various doses of radiation and measured the proportions surviving. There was a strong relation between fibroblast sensitivity in vitro and normal-tissue reactions, especially acute effects. Assessment of radiosensitivity could lead to improved tumour cure rates by enabling radiation doses to be tailored to the individual.
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)