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Determinants of health-related quality of life among residents with and without COPD in a historically industrialised area

Fishwick, D. (författare)
Lewis, L. (författare)
Darby, A. (författare)
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Young, C. (författare)
Wiggans, R. (författare)
Waterhouse, J. (författare)
Wight, J. (författare)
Blanc, Paul D., (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, Gothenburg University, Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine
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Göteborgs universitet Sahlgrenska akademin. Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa. 
2015
Engelska.
Ingår i: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. - 0340-0131. ; 88:6, s. 799-805
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with substantial morbidity, including impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Despite the prominent role of occupational factors in the aetiology of COPD, the relationship between these exposures and HRQoL has not been well elucidated. A subpopulation from an epidemiological study, designed to assess the workplace contribution to COPD, was administered the EQ5D HRQoL tool. Demographics, an index of economic deprivation, health endpoints including the presence of COPD and lung function were also recorded. Workplace exposures were categorised using both self-reported exposures and also by the use of an established job exposure matrix (JEM). A total of 623 individuals participated (mean age 67.1 years). One hundred and forty-eight (24 %) reported having received a physician diagnosis of COPD, 355 (57 %) were male, and 386 (62 %) were ever smokers. As anticipated, the presence of COPD was associated with a poorer HRQoL. Additionally, however, HRQoL was significantly lower in the presence of both self-reported vapours, gases, dusts and fumes exposure and JEM-based exposure irrespective of the presence of COPD. Regression analysis, adjusting for a variety of covariates including the presence of COPD, confirmed a persisting higher likelihood of occupational exposure categorised by JEM being associated with poorer HRQoL scores (beta estimate: -0.069; p < 0.05). Our findings suggest that work may have an important link to HRQoL and that this effect can persist even among those who have retired. In those with COPD, HRQoL is worse than among those without this condition, but the work-associated decrement appears to be similar across both groups.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

COPD
Health-related quality of life
Work
Job exposure matrix
OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE
OUTCOMES
MARKERS
Public
Environmental & Occupational Health

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