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Diagnostic value of the water deprivation test in the polyuria-polydipsia syndrome.

Trimpou, Penelope, 1973 (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition,Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
Olsson, Daniel S, 1983 (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition,Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
Ehn, Olof (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition,Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
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Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971 (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition,Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
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2017
2017
Engelska.
Ingår i: Hormones. - 2520-8721. ; 16:4, s. 414-422
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Diabetes insipidus (DI) and primary polydipsia (PP) are characterised by polyuria and polydipsia. It is crucial to differentiate between these two disorders since the treatment is different. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the short and an extended variant of the water deprivation test (WDT) and of measuring urinary vasopressin (AVP) in patients with polyuria and polydipsia.A retrospective, single-centre study based on WDTs performed between 2004 and 2014 including 104 consecutive patients with the polyuria-polydipsia syndrome. During a strict water deprivation, weight, urinary osmolality, urinary vasopressin and specific gravity were collected until one of the following was reached: i) >3% weight reduction, ii) Urinary specific gravity >1.020 or, urinary osmolality >800 mOsm/L, iii) Intolerable adverse symptoms such as excessive thirst.Out of 104 patients (67 women, 37 men), 21 (20%) were diagnosed with DI and 83 (80%) with PP. The median (interquartile range; range) test duration was 14 hours (10-16; 3-36) in patients with DI and 18 hours (14-24; 7-48) in patients with PP (P=0.011). Of those diagnosed with PP, 22 (26%) did not reach urinary specific gravity >1.020 nor urine osmolality >800 mOsm/L. Urine AVP did not overlap between patients with PP and patients with central DI.The short WDT is of limited value in the diagnostic work-up of polydipsia and polyuria and a partial DI may have been missed in every fourth patient diagnosed with PP. Urinary AVP has excellent potential in discriminating PP from central DI.

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  • Hormones (Sök värdpublikationen i LIBRIS)

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