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Relevance of Kinesiophobia in Relation to Changes Over Time Among Patients After an Acute Coronary Artery Disease Event

Bäck, Maria, 1978 (författare)
Linköpings universitet,Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin,Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine,Sahlgrenska University Hospital,Avdelningen för fysioterapi,Medicinska fakulteten,Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden
Lundberg, M. (författare)
Cider, Åsa, 1960 (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering,Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Health and Rehabilitation,Sahlgrenska University Hospital
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Herlitz, J. (författare)
Jansson, B. (författare)
Lundberg, Mari (författare)
Sahlgrenska University Hospital,Karolinska Inst, Sweden
Herlitz, Johan, 1949- (författare)
Högskolan i Borås,Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd,Univ Boras, Sweden
Jansson, Bengt (författare)
University of Gothenburg,Univ Gothenburg, Sweden
Cider, Asa (författare)
Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden
Lundberg, M (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Back, M (författare)
Herlitz, J (författare)
Cider, A (författare)
Jansson, B (författare)
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LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, 2018
2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 1932-7501 .- 1932-751X. ; 38:4, s. 224-230
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Purpose: To identify levels of kinesiophobia during the first 4 months after an acute episode of coronary artery disease (CAD), while controlling for gender, anxiety, depression, and personality traits. Methods: In all, 106 patients with CAD (25 women), mean age 63.1 11.5 years, were included in the study at the cardiac intensive care unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. The patients completed questionnaires at 3 time points: in the cardiac intensive care unit (baseline), 2 weeks, and 4 months after baseline. The primary outcome measure was kinesiophobia. Secondary outcome measures were gender, anxiety, depression, harm avoidance, and positive and negative affect. A linear mixed model procedure was used to compare kinesiophobia across time points and gender. Secondary outcome measures were used as covariates. Results: Kinesiophobia decreased over time (P = .005) and there was a significant effect of gender (P = .045; higher values for women). The presence of a high level of kinesiophobia was 25.4% at baseline, 19% after 2 weeks, and 21.1% after 4 months. Inclusion of the covariates showed that positive and negative affect and harm avoidance increased model fit. The effects of time and gender remained significant. Conclusions: This study highlights that kinesiophobia decreased over time after an acute CAD episode. Nonetheless, a substantial part of the patients were identified with a high level of kinesiophobia across time, which emphasizes the need for screening and the design of a treatment intervention.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Physiotherapy (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Sjukgymnastik (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

cardiac rehabilitation
fear of movement
harm avoidance
positive and negative affect
low-back-pain
fear-avoidance model
depression scale
hospital anxiety
musculoskeletal pain
character inventory
negative affect
tampa scale
temperament
personality
Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
Människan i vården
Människan i vården
cardiac rehabilitation; fear of movement; harm avoidance; positive and negative affect

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