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Risk Profiles of Female Perpetrators of Severe Violence

Trägårdh, Karin, (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi, Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa, Gothenburg University, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
Hildebrand Karlén, Malin, 1984- (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa, Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
Nilsson, Thomas, 1954- (författare)
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi, Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa, Gothenburg University, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
Göteborgs universitet Sahlgrenska akademin. Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi. 
Göteborgs universitet Sahlgrenska akademin. Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa. 
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Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen. 
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2019
Engelska.
Ingår i: 13th Nordic Symposium on Forensic Psychiatry. August 20-22, 2019, Gothenburg.
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  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Female offenders without a severe mental disorder show more criminogenic factors than those with. Both groups are characterized by mental health problems. We need to further characterize female offenders. Background Offenders of lethal/severe violence are in a majority of cases male, about 90% (Falk et al., 2014), and research has to a considerable extent focused on male violent offenders. Although less is known about female violent offenders than male offenders, previous research has indicated significant differences between male and female offenders of lethal/severe violence (Trägårdh et al., 2016; Yourstone et al., 2008). Since a majority of female perpetrators of lethal violence undergo a forensic psychiatric investigation (RPU/FPI), these documents contains important information about this group. Purpose The aim of this ongoing study is to characterize female perpetrators of severe violent crimes, and to compare female perpetrators sentenced to forensic psychiatric compulsory care with those sentenced to correctional treatment. Method This is an exploratory and descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. All forensic evaluations (FPI) made in Sweden between 2000-2014 (from The National Board of Forensic Medicine/RMV), and the subsequent court verdicts, in cases where women had used lethal/severe violence (n≈180) where used as the basis for data collection in this study. The present preliminary analyses (2-tests and ANOVA) contains approx. 26% (n=47) of the total group. Group differences were investigated regarding: Mental health (FPI) Risk factors (HCR-20 and PCL-R) Victim relation (FPI) Criminal behavior (FPI) Results Female offenders with and without a Severe mental disorder (SMD) seems to differ in some respects. For female offenders with a SMD, the crime was more likely to have been conducted in a less criminal context (see Table). For female offenders without a SMD, the following characteristics were more frequently present: Victim gender – male Substance abuse + Under the influence of substance (offender and victim) Previous violence between victim and offender Previous registered criminality Also, several common features between the SMD and non-SMD group of female offenders were found. The majority of all female offenders had: Previous psychiatric contact and diagnoses Previously attempted suicide No previously registered criminality Conclusions Preliminary results of the female perpetrators who had underwent a FPI seems to identify both substantial differences and similarities between those with versus without a SMD, where those without show more criminogenic factors. Both groups were also characterized by a high amount of mental illness. Also, these results supports previous research that female and male offenders of severe violence differ in important ways. Since a majority of female perpetrators of lethal violence undergo a forensic psychiatric investigation, these results should be generalizable to this group as a whole in Sweden. Based on these results, a great need to further characterize female offenders of severe/lethal violence remain.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska grundvetenskaper -- Neurovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine -- Neurosciences (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Psykiatri (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Psychiatry (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap -- Rättsmedicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Other Medical Sciences -- Forensic Science (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska grundvetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Other Medical Sciences (hsv//eng)
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP  -- Psykologi (hsv//swe)
SOCIAL SCIENCES  -- Psychology (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Female offenders of severe/lethal violence Female perpetrators Severe/lethal violence Female offenders with and without a Severe mental disorder (SMD)

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