This paper focuses on characteristics of out-of-school activities in Sweden and how they have been institutionally changed. In Sweden, childcare is now regarded as a part of life-long education and understood in a context of children’s rights, rather than parents’ rights. Sweden has experienced massive reforms of childcare. One of the major reforms is the integration of childcare and education.Among many other OECD countries are discussing about the possibility of the integration, Sweden became the first country which actualized it. Factors promoting the integration include the leadership of Prime Minister, Göran Persson, economic recession, national demands for decentralization, eliminating the gap between childcare staff and compulsory education staff.