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Food addiction in gambling disorder : Frequency and clinical outcomes

Jiménez-Murcia, Susana (författare)
Carlos III Health Institute,University of Barcelona,Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL
Granero, Roser (författare)
Autonomous University of Barcelona,Carlos III Health Institute
Wolz, Ines (författare)
Carlos III Health Institute,Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL
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Baño, Marta (författare)
Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL
Mestre-Bach, Gemma (författare)
Carlos III Health Institute,Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL
Steward, Trevor (författare)
Carlos III Health Institute,Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL
Agüera, Zaida (författare)
Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL,Carlos III Health Institute
Hinney, Anke (författare)
University Hospital Essen,University of Duisburg-Essen
Diéguez, Carlos (författare)
University of Santiago de Compostela,Carlos III Health Institute
Casanueva, Felipe (författare)
University of Santiago de Compostela,Carlos III Health Institute
Gearhardt, Ashley N. (författare)
University of Michigan
Hakansson, Anders (författare)
Lund University,Lunds universitet,Enheten för klinisk beroendeforskning,Forskargrupper vid Lunds universitet,Clinical addiction research unit,Lund University Research Groups
Menchón, José M (författare)
Carlos III Health Institute,Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL,University of Barcelona
Fernández-Aranda, Fernando (författare)
Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL,University of Barcelona,Carlos III Health Institute
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Frontiers, 2017-04-04
Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology. - : Frontiers. - 1664-1078. ; 8:MAR
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
  • Background: The food addiction (FA) model is receiving increasing interest from the scientific community. Available empirical evidence suggests that this condition may play an important role in the development and course of physical and mental health conditions such as obesity, eating disorders, and other addictive behaviors. However, no epidemiological data exist on the comorbidity of FA and gambling disorder (GD), or on the phenotype for the co-occurrence of GD+FA. Objectives: To determine the frequency of the comorbid condition GD+FA, to assess whether this comorbidity features a unique clinical profile compared to GD without FA, and to generate predictive models for the presence of FA in a GD sample. Method: Data correspond to N = 458 treatment-seeking patients who met criteria for GD in a hospital unit specialized in behavioral addictions. Results: Point prevalence for FA diagnosis was 9.2%. A higher ratio of FA was found in women (30.5%) compared to men (6.0%). Lower FA prevalence was associated with older age. Patients with high FA scores were characterized by worse psychological state, and the risk of a FA diagnosis was increased in patients with high scores in the personality traits harm avoidance and self-transcendence, and low scores in cooperativeness (R2 = 0.18). Conclusion: The co-occurrence of FA in treatment-seeking GD patients is related to poorer emotional and psychological states. GD treatment interventions and related behavioral addictions should consider potential associations with problematic eating behavior and aim to include techniques that aid patients in better managing this behavior.


MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Psykiatri (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Psychiatry (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)


Food addiction
Gambling disorder

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