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State revisionism and ontological (in)security in international politics: The complicated case of Iran and its nuclear behavior

Behravesh, Maysam, (författare)
Lunds universitet, Lund University, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Faculty of Social Sciences, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutioner och centrumbildningar, Departments of Administrative, Economic and Social Sciences, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Department of Political Science, Centrum för Mellanösternstudier, Centre for Middle Eastern Studies
Lunds universitet Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. (creator_code:org_t)
Lunds universitet Centrum för Mellanösternstudier. (creator_code:org_t)
2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Journal of International Relations and Development. - Palgrave Macmillan. - 1581-1980. ; 21:4, s. 836-857
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  • Despite continuing to be a strong tendency in international relations today, “state revisionism” has been theoretically and empirically understudied. This article attempts to fill the lacuna by further conceptualizing revisionism and subsequently investigating its relationship with ontological (in)security through studying the ways in which revisionist states envision their identities and interests and take measures to secure them. It argues that revisionists define their relationship with outside “Others” primarily in terms of dissatisfaction and self-extending change and thus find themselves operating within an enmity-centric “Hobbesian culture of anarchy,” which may ironically serve as a source of ontological security due to the consequent “singularity” status it confers upon them. By opposing the prevailing status quo, however, revisionists are likely to subject themselves to a “geopolitics of exclusion,” which in turn helps render them more prone to feelings of ontological insecurity. To instantiate the theory, I focus on Iran and its nuclear behavior, contending that it represents a case of “thin revisionism” aimed at attaining ontological security, but which also entails undesirable consequences that generate ontological insecurity. The case furthermore reveals the limits of seeking ontological security, suggesting that the degree of revisionism is usually checked by existential fears of threat to survival.

Ämnesord

SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP  -- Statsvetenskap (hsv//swe)
SOCIAL SCIENCES  -- Political Science (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Revisionism
International Politics
International Relations Theory
Ontological Security
Iran
Thin Revisionism
Nuclear Deal
Nuclear
United States
Thick Revisionism
Theory
Conceptualization
Foreign Policy
National Security
Ontological Insecurity
Survival
Realism
Neorealism
Constructivism
Cultures of Anarchy

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