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Acute leukemia cells resistant to PI3K/mTOR inhibition display upregulation of P2RY14 expression

Shah, Kinjal (författare)
Lund University,Lunds universitet,Avdelningen för translationell cancerforskning,Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin,Medicinska fakulteten,Division of Translational Cancer Research,Department of Laboratory Medicine,Faculty of Medicine
Moharram, Sausan A. (författare)
Lund University,Lunds universitet,Avdelningen för translationell cancerforskning,Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin,Medicinska fakulteten,Division of Translational Cancer Research,Department of Laboratory Medicine,Faculty of Medicine
Kazi, Julhash U. (författare)
Lund University,Lunds universitet,Avdelningen för translationell cancerforskning,Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin,Medicinska fakulteten,Division of Translational Cancer Research,Department of Laboratory Medicine,Faculty of Medicine
 (creator_code:org_t)
BioMed Central (BMC), 2018
2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Clinical Epigenetics. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1868-7075. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • The PI3K/mTOR pathway is the second most frequently deregulated pathway in a majority of cancers such as breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanomas as well as leukemia. Mutations in the genes coding for receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are quite common in all forms of acute leukemia. This can be a major cause of deregulation of the PI3K-mTOR pathway. To understand how cells display resistance to the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, we used a panel of 25 acute leukemia cell lines. We observed that while a number of cell lines displayed sensitivity to the dual PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibitor PKI-587, many cells displayed substantial resistance. Cells sensitive to PKI-587 also showed aberrant activation of PI3K/mTOR pathway components such as AKT and S6K and also displayed sensitivity to a panel of various other PI3K/mTOR inhibitors. Using RNA sequencing data, we observed that expression of a G protein-coupled receptor, P2RY14, was upregulated nine-fold in cells showing resistance to the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor. P2RY14 has not been much studied in hematologic malignancies. However, this receptor seems to have a role in the localization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and in promoting regenerative capabilities following injury. We observed that acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and FLT3-ITD-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with higher expression of P2RY14 mRNA displayed relatively poor survival compared to patients carrying lower expression of P2RY14 suggesting a role of P2RY14 in patient survival. To understand the role of this receptor in cell signaling, we used phospho-protein arrays and observed activation of distinct signaling cascades. Furthermore, array data were verified using murine pro-B cell line Ba/F3 stably transfected with P2RY14. We observed that activation of P2RY14 by its ligand, UDP-glucose, resulted in selective induction of ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Taken together, our data suggest that acute leukemia cells resistant to PI3K/mTOR inhibition display upregulation of a GPCR, P2RY14, which has a role in patient survival and also couples to the activation of ERK signaling.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper -- Cell- och molekylärbiologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine -- Cell and Molecular Biology (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

ALL
AML
B-ALL
P2RY14

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Shah, Kinjal
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Kazi, Julhash U.
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Lunds universitet

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