Risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among men occupationally exposed to organic solvents
Olsson, H., (författare)
Lunds universitet, Lund University, Medicinska fakulteten, Faculty of Medicine, Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Lund, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Tumörmikromiljö, Tumor microenvironment, Sektion I, Section I, Skåne University Hospital
Brandt, L., (författare)
Skåne University Hospital
Engelska 6 s.
Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. - Finnish Institute of Occupational Health. - 0355-3140. ; 14:4, s. 246-251
An occupational history of exposure to organic solvents, defined as daily occupational exposure for at least one year, was more common among 167 men with newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma than among 130 healthy referents from the general population (38 versus 14%). Categorization in five-year age groups gave 3.3 as a Mantel-Haenszel estimate of the odds ratio (95% CI 1.9-5.8). The odds ratio was 6.5 (95% CI 3.2-13.3) for localized supradiaphragmatic tumors and 2.3 (95% CI 1.3-4.3) for other lymphoma presentations. In a logistic model including age and organic solvent, phenoxy acid, and chlorophenol exposure, it could be shown that solvent exposure was an independent risk factor and that no important interaction occurred between the risk factors. With increasing duration of exposure there was a significantly increased risk of lymphoma, a finding implying a dose-response relationship. There was no significant difference in tumor histology between the exposed and unexposed patients. These findings support the concept that occupational exposure to organic solvents is a risk factor for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The results also confirm a strong association between such exposure and an supradiaphragmatic location of the lymphomas.
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP -- Klinisk medicin -- Cancer och onkologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES -- Clinical Medicine -- Cancer and Oncology (hsv//eng)