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Psychiatric Syndromes in Persian Gulf War Veterans: An Association of Handling Dead Bodies with Somatoform Disorders

Labbate, Lawrence, (författare)
Medical University of South Carolina
Cardeña, Etzel, (författare)
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Dimitreva, Juliette, (författare)
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
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Engel, Charles, (författare)
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Roy, Michael, (författare)
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
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1998
Engelska.
Ingår i: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. - Karger. - 0033-3190. ; s. 275-279
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Traumatic combat experience has been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, but there have been few studies about the association of military combat experience and the development of somatoform disorders. The authors evaluated 131 referred Gulf War veterans for medical and psychiatric syndromes thought related to their involvement in the Gulf War. Patients completed questionnaires regarding their traumatic experiences and were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R. For the sample, 69% had axis I conditions. Major depression, undifferentiated somatoform and posttraumatic stress disorders were the most common diagnoses. Reports of traumatic events were associated with both posttraumatic stress disorder (p < 0.05) and somatoform diagnoses (p < 0.05). Veterans who handled dead bodies had a 3-fold risk of receiving a somatoform diagnosis (p < 0.05). Psychiatric syndromes may explain some medical complaints following involvement in the Persian Gulf War. The results suggest that some psychological and nonspecific somatic symptoms persisting since the Gulf War may be related to exposure to psychological trauma.

Ämnesord

SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP  (hsv//swe)
SOCIAL SCIENCES  (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

war
Somatoform Disorders

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