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Association between human papillomavirus status and health-related quality of life in oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancer survivors

Kjeldsted, Eva (författare)
Naestved Hospital,Danish Cancer Society Research Center
Dalton, Susanne Oksbjerg (författare)
Danish Cancer Society Research Center,Naestved Hospital
Frederiksen, Kirsten (författare)
Danish Cancer Society Research Center
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Andersen, Elo (författare)
Herlev Hospital,University of Copenhagen
Nielsen, Anni Linnet (författare)
Herlev Hospital,University of Copenhagen
Stafström, Martin (författare)
Lund University,Lunds universitet,Socialmedicin och global hälsa,Forskargrupper vid Lunds universitet,Social Medicine and Global Health,Lund University Research Groups
Kjaer, Trille Kristina (författare)
Danish Cancer Society Research Center
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 (creator_code:org_t)
Elsevier, 2020
2020
Engelska.
Ingår i: Oral Oncology. - : Elsevier. - 1368-8375. ; 109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Objectives: The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for a subgroup of head and neck cancers (HNC). HPV-positive and HPV-negative HNC patients encompass heterogeneous groups regarding risk factors, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, which may influence health-related quality of life (HRQL) differently. Since this has been sparsely studied, our study investigated the association between HPV status and HRQL in HNC survivors in Denmark. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 179 recurrence-free oropharyngeal and oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) survivors. HRQL was assessed on the EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-H&N35 questionnaires. Linear and logistic regression models were adjusted for sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle factors. Results: Most unadjusted results showed better HRQL among HPV-positive (n = 119) compared to HPV-negative (n = 60) OSCC survivors (average 18 months since diagnosis). After adjustments, the HPV-positive survivors reported higher role functioning (mean difference [MD] 9.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1 to –18.4), and fewer problems with speech (MD −9.0, 95% CI −18.0 to −0.1), sexuality (MD −21.9, 95% CI −38.0 to −5.9) and opening mouth (MD −13.7, 95% CI −26.6 to −0.8) compared to HPV-negative survivors. Conclusion: Our findings support that HPV-positive OSCC survivors experience better HRQL than HPV-negative survivors. However, results indicate that sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle factors explain most of the association between HPV status and HRQL. Findings suggest increased focus on the HPV-negative OSCC survivors with deteriorated HRQL in rehabilitation programs and future research to investigate the long-term effects of treatment among HPV-positive OSCC survivors who may develop symptoms later in survivorship.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Cancer och onkologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Cancer and Oncology (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskap -- Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Head and neck cancer
HPV
Human papillomavirus
Late effects
Quality of life

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