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Early discharge and home intervention reduces unit costs after total hip replacement: results of a cost analysis in a randomized study

Sigurdsson, Eyjolfur (författare)
Siggeirsdottir, Kristin (författare)
Jonsson, Halldor, Jr. (författare)
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Gudnason, Vilmundur (författare)
Matthiasson, Thorolfur (författare)
Jonsson, Brynjolfur (författare)
Lund University,Lunds universitet,Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning,Forskargrupper vid Lunds universitet,Orthopedics - Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research,Lund University Research Groups
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 (creator_code:org_t)
Springer, 2008
2008
Engelska.
Ingår i: International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics. - : Springer. - 1573-6962. ; 8:3, s. 181-192
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Total hip replacement (THR) is a common and costly procedure. The number of THR is expected to increase over the coming years. Two pathways of postoperative treatment were compared in a randomized study. Fifty patients from two hospitals were randomized into a study group (SG) of 27 patients receiving preoperative and postoperative education programs, as well as home visits from an outpatient team. A control group (CG) of 23 patients received "conventional" rehabilitation augmented by a stay at a rehabilitation center if needed. All costs for the two groups both in hospitals and after discharge were collected and analyzed. On average total costs for the SG were $8,550 and $11,952 for the CG, a 28% cost reduction. Total inpatient costs were $5,225 for the SG and $6,515 for the CG. In a regression analysis the group difference is statistically significant. Adjusting for changes in the Oxford Hip Score gives effective costs (C/E). The ratio of the SGs C/E to the CGs is 0.60. That is a cost-effectiveness gain of 40%. A shorter hospital stay augmented with better preoperative education and home treatment appears to be more effective and costs less than the traditional in hospital pathway of treatment.

Ämnesord

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Ortopedi (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Orthopedics (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

cost-effectiveness analysis
total hip replacement
home intervention

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