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Den allrakäraste fienden. Svenska stereotyper i finländsk press 1918-1939

Elmgren, Ainur, (författare)
Lunds universitet, Lund University, Humanistiska och teologiska fakulteterna, Joint Faculties of Humanities and Theology, Institutioner, Departments, Historiska institutionen, Department of History, Historia, History
Lunds universitet Historia. (creator_code:org_t)
ISBN 978-91-85767-12-0
Sekel Bokförlag, 2008
Svenska 332 s.
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  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • This thesis studies stereotypes of Sweden and Swedishness in the Finnish press 1918–1939. It maps the genealogy of the images and analyzes the use of stereotypes. In newly independent Finland, the press conveyed debates about national values and political goals. The concept of national stereotyping as a political tool is derived from the works of Michael Pickering, Stuart Hall and Thomas Hylland Eriksen. The categories kin, stranger and enemy (frände, främling, fiende) are used in the study to classify images found in the material. In Finland, Swedishness was both familiar and strange, as well as an obstacle to national unity. The past image of Sweden was a militant bulwark of Western civilization. This historical mission was integrated in an ideal Finnish or Finland-Swedish identity, while contemporary Sweden was discredited as cosmopolitan and pacifist. Sweden was seen as historical kin, estranged in the present. Right-wing writers urged Sweden to reclaim its former mission by identification with "white" Finland. Cultural leftists claimed kinship with the "misunderstood" neighbor. In their interpretation of the common historical mission, the concept of a free Nordic people was coupled with Socialism and the labor movement. Travel accounts depicted a harmonious Sweden in contrast to a Finland riddled with political and cultural conflict. The Finns themselves were perceived as strangers within their own nation, refusing to assimilate into a single national ideal. This "autoexotism" dilemma was solved by focusing on the ideological struggle against an external enemy. According to monocultural nationalism, the only cure to minority questions was assimilation. An external enemy could not be assimilated, but it legitimized the fulfillment of a militant historical mission. The antisemitic image of a "Judaized" Sweden prostrating before the Bolsheviks fed right-wing fantasies of a final apocalyptic battle. Ultimately the choice between kin, stranger or enemy was dependent on the writer's own identification struggles.

Ämnesord

HUMANIORA  -- Historia och arkeologi -- Historia (hsv//swe)
HUMANITIES  -- History and Archaeology -- History (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

västerlandets bålverk
främling
frände
mellankrigstiden
media
kulturelit
bildning
press
bilden av
identifikation
den andra
fiende
nationell identitet
svenskhet
finskhet
Finland
Sverige
stereotyping
stereotyp
nationalism
historia
autoexotism
självexotism
antisemitism
xenofobi

Publikations- och innehållstyp

dok (ämneskategori)
vet (ämneskategori)

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Av författaren/redakt...
Elmgren, Ainur
Om ämnet
HUMANIORA
HUMANIORA
och Historia och ark ...
och Historia
Av lärosätet
Lunds universitet

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