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Iran: A Clash of Two Cultures?

Banakar, Reza, (författare)
Lunds universitet, Lund University, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Faculty of Social Sciences, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutioner och centrumbildningar, Departments of Administrative, Economic and Social Sciences, Rättssociologiska institutionen, Department of Sociology of Law
Keyvan, Ziaee (författare)
Richard, Abel (redaktör/utgivare)
visa fler...
Hammerslev, Ole (redaktör/utgivare)
Sommerlad, Hilary (redaktör/utgivare)
Schultz, Ulrike (redaktör/utgivare)
visa färre...
Lunds universitet Rättssociologiska institutionen. (creator_code:org_t)
Ingår i: Lawyers in 21st Century : Vol1: National Reports. - Hart Publishing Ltd. ; 1
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  • Since the 1979 Revolution, the clerical regime in Iran has been limiting the legal profession’s autonomy by preventing members of the Iranian Bar Association (IBA) from freely electing their Board of Directors and by establishing a new body of lawyers—legal advisors of the judiciary—to contest the IBA’s professional monopoly. Clerics have even attempted to bring the legal profession under the control of the Ministry of Justice and merge it with the legal advisors. The IBA’s struggle to remain a civil society organisation independent of the judiciary offers a vantage point from which to explore the role of the legal profession in Iranian society and the legal system of the Islamic Republic. Why does the Iranian judiciary oppose an independent legal profession, and why does the profession refuse to capitulate? What are the implications of this ongoing conflict for the legal order of the Islamic Republic, whose political elite consists mainly of Islamic jurists? What are the socio-cultural consequences of undermining the integrity and autonomy of the legal profession? These questions will guide our inquiry.After discussing the IBA’s development before and after the 1979 Revolution, we describe how practising attorneys view the IBA, advocacy, legal practice, legal services and their troubled relationship with the judiciary. They recount the obstacles they encounter within a politicised judicial order and explain how they preserve professional integrity within a legal system that lacks the public’s confidence. We conclude by arguing that the Islamic Republic’s attempt to subordinate the legal profession to administrative and ideological control by the judiciary reflects the clash of two legal cultures. Iranian judges reconstruct and apply Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) as part of their efforts to deliver substantive justice within a codified legal system, while IBA attorneys understand and seek to practise law consistent with the ideals of due process, certainty and uniformity in legal decision-making.


legal profession
Bar Association
law firms
legal education
Civil law
Legal system
legal profession
Bar Association
legal practice
Law firms
Legal Education
Female Attorneys
Legal culture
civil law
Islamic Republic

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Banakar, Reza
Keyvan, Ziaee
Richard, Abel
Hammerslev, Ole
Sommerlad, Hilar ...
Schultz, Ulrike
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Lunds universitet

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