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  • Ahlin, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Revalidation of the perceptions of conscience questionnaire (PCQ) and the stress of conscience questionnaire (SCQ)
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 19:2, s. 220-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) have previously been developed and validated within the 'Stress of Conscience Study'. The aim was to revalidate these two questionnaires, including two additional, theoretically and empirically significant items, on a sample of healthcare personnel working in direct contact with patients. The sample consisted of 503 healthcare personnel. To test variation and distribution among the answers, descriptive statistics, item analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to examine the underlying factor structure of the questionnaires. Support for adding the new item to the PCQ was found. No support was found for adding the new item to the SCQ. Both questionnaires can be regarded as valid for Swedish settings but can be improved by rephrasing some of the PCQ items and by adding items about private life to the SCQ.
  • Arman, M., et al. (författare)
  • The 'tittle extra' that alleviates suffering
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 14:3, s. 372-384
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nursing, or caring science, is mainly concerned with developing knowledge of what constitutes ideal, good health care for patients as whole persons, and how to achieve this. The aim of this study was to find clinical empirical indications of good ethical care and to investigate the substance of ideal nursing care in praxis. A hermeneutic method was employed in this clinical study, assuming the theoretical perspective of caritative caring and ethics of the understanding of life. The data consisted of two Socratic dialogues: one with nurses and one with nursing students, and interviews with two former patients. The empirical data are first described from a phenomenological approach. Observations of caregivers offering 'the little extra' were taken to confirm that patients were 'being seen', not from the perspective of an ideal nursing model, but from that of interaction as a fellow human being. The study provides clinical evidence that, as an ontological response to suffering, 'symbolic acts' such as giving the 'little extra' may work to bridge gaps in human interaction. The fact that 'little things' have the power to preserve dignity and make patients feel they are valued offers hope. Witnessing benevolent acts also paves the way for both patients and caregivers to increase their understanding of life. © 2007 SAGE Publications.
  • Berggren, Ingela, et al. (författare)
  • The influence of clinical supervision on nurses' moral decision making.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - London : Edward Arnold. - 0969-7330. ; 7:2, s. 124--133
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of clinical supervision on nurses´moral decision making. The sample consisted of 15 registered nurses who took part inclinical supervision sessions. Data were obtained from interviews and analysed by ahermeneutic transformative process. The hermeneutic interpretation revealed fourthemes: increased self-assurance, an increased ability to support the patient, an increasedability to be in a relationship with the patient, and an increased ability to take responsibility.In conclusion, it seems that clinical supervision enhances nurses´ ability to providecare on the basis of their decision making. However, the qualitative and structural aspectsof clinical supervision have to be investigated further in order to develop professionalinsight into the way that nurses think and react. 
  • Bolmsjö, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Everyday ethics in the care of elderly people
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - SAGE Publications. - 0969-7330. ; 13:3, s. 249-263
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article analyses the general ethical milieu in a nursing home for elderly residents and provides a decision-making model for analysing the ethical situations that arise. It considers what it means for the residents to live together and for the staff to be in ethically problematic situations when caring for residents. An interpretative phenomenological approach and Sandman’s ethical model proved useful for this purpose. Systematic observations were carried out and interpretation of the general ethical milieu was summarized as ‘being in the same world without meeting’. Two themes and four subthemes emerged from the analysis. Three different ethical problems were analysed. The outcome of using the decision-making model highlighted the discrepancy between the solutions used and well-founded solutions to these problems. An important conclusion that emerged from this study was the need for a structured tool for reflection.
  • Bremer, Anders, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Futile cardiopulmonary resuscitation for the benefit of others : An ethical analysis
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - Sage Publications. - 0969-7330. ; 18:4, s. 495-504
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AbstractIt has been reported as an ethical problem within prehospital emergency care that ambulance professionals administer physiologically futile cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to patients having suffered cardiac arrest to benefit significant others. At the same time it is argued that, under certain circumstances, this is an acceptable moral practice by signalling that everything possible has been done, and enabling the grief of significant others to be properly addressed. Even more general moral reasons have been used to morally legitimize the use of futile CPR: That significant others are a type of patient with medical or care needs that should be addressed, that the interest of significant others should be weighed into what to do and given an equal standing together with patient interests, and that significant others could be benefited by care professionals unless it goes against the explicit wants of the patient. In this article we explore these arguments and argue that the support for providing physiologically futile CPR in the prehospital context fails. Instead, the strategy of ambulance professionals in the case of a sudden death should be to focus on the relevant care needs of the significant others and provide support, arrange for a peaceful environment and administer acute grief counselling at the scene, which might call for a developed competency within this field.
  • Brüggemann, Jelmer, et al. (författare)
  • Patients’ silence following healthcare staff’s ethical transgressions
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - Sage Publications. - 0969-7330. ; 19:6, s. 750-763
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to examine to what extent patients remained silent to the health care system after they experienced abusive or wrongful incidents in health care. Female patients visiting a women’s clinic in Sweden (n = 530) answered the Transgressions of Ethical Principles in Health Care Questionnaire (TEP), which was constructed to measure patients’ abusive experiences in the form of staff’s transgressions of ethical principles in health care. Of all the patients, 63.6% had, at some point, experienced staff’s transgressions of ethical principles, and many perceived these events as abusive and wrongful. Of these patients, 70.3% had remained silent to the health care system about at least one transgression. This silence is a loss of essential feedback for the health care system and should not automatically be interpreted as though patients are satisfied.
  • Christine, Gustafsson, et al. (författare)
  • Municipal Night Nurses’ Experience of the Meaning of  Caring.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 16:5, s. 599-612
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to elucidate municipal night registered nurses’ (RNs) experiences of the meaning of caring in nursing. The research context involved all night duty RNs working in municipal care of older people in a medium-sized municipality located in central Sweden. The meaning of caring in nursing was experienced as: caring for by advocacy, superior responsibility in caring, and consultative nursing service. The municipal night RNs’ experience of caring is interpreted as meanings in paradoxes: ‘being close at distance’, the condition of ‘being responsible with insignificant control’, and ‘being interdependently independent’. The RNs’ experience of the meaning of caring involves focusing on the care recipient by advocating their perspectives. The meaning of caring in this context is an endeavour to grasp an overall caring responsibility by responding tovocational and personal demands regarding the issue of being a RN, in guaranteeing ethical, qualitative and competent care for older people.
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