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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Adolfsson Lars 1955 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Adolfsson Lars 1955 )

  • Resultat 1-10 av 22
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1.
  • Husdal, R., et al. (författare)
  • Organisation of primary diabetes care in people with type 2 diabetes in relation to all-cause mortality: A nationwide register-based cohort study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. - : Elsevier. - 0168-8227 .- 1872-8227. ; 167
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To examine if personnel resources and organisational features in Swedish primary health-care centres (PHCCs) are associated to all-cause mortality (ACM) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total of 187,570 people with T2DM registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register (NDR) during 2013 were included in this nationwide cohort study. Individual NDR data were linked to data from a questionnaire addressing personnel resources and organisational features for 787 (68%) PHCCs as well as to individual data on socio-economic status and comorbidities. Furthermore, data on ACM were obtained and followed up until 30 January 2018. Hierarchical Cox regression analyses were applied. Results: After a median follow-up of 4.2 years, 27,136 (14.5%) participants had died. An association was found between number of whole-time-equivalent (WTE) general practitioner's (GP's) devoted to diabetes care/500 people with T2DM and lower risk of early death (hazard ratio 0.919 [95% confidence interval 0.895–0.945] per additional WTE GP; p = 0.002). No other personnel resources or organisational features were significantly associated with ACM. Conclusions: This nationwide register-based cohort study suggests that the number of WTE GPs devoted to diabetes care have an impact on the risk of early death in people with T2DM. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
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2.
  • Danielsson, Pär, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Different effect on axonal outgrowth of application of non-absorbable or absorbable tubes around a nerve repair
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery. - 2000-656X .- 2000-6764. ; 35:4, s. 347-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We studied regeneration distance of rat sciatic nerve, with the sensory pinch reflex test and immunocytochemical staining for neurofilaments, four to 21 days after transsection, repair, and enclosure of the repair site in either a non-absorbable silicone tube or an absorbable polyglycolic acid (PGA) tube. The size of both tube-types was carefully selected so that they did not compress the repaired nerve. The opposite nerve was repaired and not inserted in a tube (control). The regeneration distances in repaired nerves enclosed in silicone tube were significantly longer than the control side at all time points, a result not seen when PGA tube was used. The number of proliferating non-neuronal cells (incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)) was studied just proximal to the site of nerve repair after six days. Numerous stained cells were seen, but there where no significant differences between the groups. We conclude that outgrowth of sensory axons after transsection and repair of rat sciatic nerve with sutures can be increased by enclosing the site of repair in a silicone tube but not in a PGA tube. The effect is probably not related to the number of proliferative non-neuronal cells.
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4.
  • Stattin, Pär, et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes in localized prostate cancer: National Prostate Cancer Register of Sweden follow-up study.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - : Oxford Journals. - 1460-2105 .- 0027-8874. ; 102:13, s. 950-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Treatment for localized prostate cancer remains controversial. To our knowledge, there are no outcome studies from contemporary population-based cohorts that include data on stage, Gleason score, and serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
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5.
  • Yonker, Julie E, et al. (författare)
  • Verified hormone therapy improves episodic memory performance in healthy postmenopausal women.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition. - Hove : Psychology Press. - 1382-5585 .- 1744-4128. ; 13:3-4, s. 291-307
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Studies of hormone therapy (HT) and cognition have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this observational study was to examine the effect of estradiol, via serum verified HT (estradiol, estriol, progesterone) and endogenous estradiol, on 108 healthy postmenopausal women's cognitive performance. The results demonstrated that the 43 HT-users performed at a significantly higher level than non-users on episodic memory tasks and on a verbal fluency task, whereas HT-users and non-users did not differ on tasks assessing semantic memory and spatial visualization. In addition, there was a positive relationship between serum estradiol level and episodic memory performance, indicating that postmenopausal HT is associated with enhanced episodic memory and verbal fluency, independent of age and education. These observational results suggest that HT use may be sufficient to exert small, yet positive effects on female sensitive cognitive tasks. Hormone therapy compliance and formulation is discussed as confounding factors in previous research.
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7.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Arthroscopic findings in wrists with severe post-traumatic pain despite normal standard radiographs
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery - British and European Volume. - 0266-7681 .- 1532-2211. ; 29 B:3, s. 208-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study assessed the role of diagnostic arthroscopy following a wrist injury in patients with normal standard radiographs, an unclear clinical diagnosis and persistent severe pain at 4 to 12 weeks. Forty-three patients were included after conservative management had failed to improve their wrist pain so that a stability test could be performed satisfactorily and underwent arthroscopy within 12 weeks. Arthroscopy revealed recent pathology in 41 wrists, of which 17 had significant ligament lesions that might have benefited from acute repair. We conclude that patients with marked persistent post-traumatic symptoms despite conservative management are likely to have sustained ligament injuries despite normal radiographs. We therefore recommend that under these circumstances an arthroscopy is carried out within 4 weeks if the patient and surgeon wish to acutely repair significant ligament injuries.
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8.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Arthroscopic removal of os centrale carpi causing wrist pain.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Arthroscopy. - 0749-8063 .- 1526-3231. ; 16, s. 537-539
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Os centrale carpi is a relatively rare accessory carpal bone of the wrist that infrequently has been reported to cause symptoms. This report describes 2 cases where an apparently mobile Os centrale carpi caused painful clicking and crepitus and where the symptoms disappeared after arthroscopic removal of the ossicles.
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9.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Arthroscopy in the upper extremity
  • 1992
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This stndy comprising six separate papers, is concerned with the techniques of, and bevaluation of arthroscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in different pathologic conditions in the upper extremity.Arthroscopy proved to increase diagnostic accuracy in 177 examined patients with anterior shoulder instability or shoulder pain. Previously not well described patterns of pathological morphology in the ventral joint capsule after anterior shoulder dislocations were disclosed. A new classification system of rotator cuff pathology to be used for arthroscopy in the subacromial impingement syndrome is suggested. Different stages of rotator cuff pathology were found to influence the clinical results after arthroscopic acromioplasty in 79 patients.An anatomical stndy on 16 cadaver elbows revealed the close proximity between commonly used arthroscopic portals and important neurovascular structures. The usefulness and potential risks of each portal were demonstrated and a preferred procedure for diagnostic elbow arthroscopy was suggested.Wrist arthroscopy was performed in 30 patients with long-standing post-traumatic pain and resulted in increased diagnostic accuracy. In patients where clinical examination and radiography had shown no abnormality, arthroscopy demonstrated serious carpal ligament injuries and related instability.A technique for arthroscopic wrist synovectomy was described in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. In 18 wrists of 16 patients, a reasonably radical synovectomy could be achieved with this atraumatic method. Primary results showed decreased pain and increased grip-strength in all patients and an increased range of motion in some.
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10.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Post-traumatic stiff elbow
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: EFORT open reviews. - : British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. - 2058-5241. ; 3:5, s. 210-216
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Post-traumatic and post-operative stiffness of the elbow joint is relatively common and may in pronounced cases markedly interfere with normal upper extremity function.Soft-tissue contractures and heterotopic bone formation are two major causes of limited movement.Extensive recent research has elucidated many of the pathways contributing to these conditions, but the exact mechanisms are still unknown.In the early phase of soft-tissue contractures conservative treatment may be valuable, but in longstanding cases operative treatment is often necessary.Several different options are available depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying offending structures. Surgical treatment may allow significant gains in movement but rarely complete restoration, and complications are not uncommon.The following presentation reviews the recent literature on pathomechanisms and treatment alternatives. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2018;3 DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.170062.
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