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Sökning: WFRF:(Mahteme Haile)

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1.
  • Andreasson, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Histopathological Classification of Pseudomyxoma Peritonei and the Prognostic Importance of PINCH Protein
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 32:4, s. 1443-1448
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Aim:</strong></p><p>The aims of this study were i) to assess a new and more detailed histopathological classification and to analyze concordance between pathologists in the histopathological classification of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP); ii) to analyze the expression in the stroma of the particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine (PINCH) protein and its prognostic importance in PMP.</p><p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong></p><p>Surgical specimens from 81 patients, classified according to the Ronnett et al histopathological classification were compared to a new system with four groups ranging from indolent to aggressive growth patterns. PINCH protein expression was analyzed and was related to clinical variables.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong></p><p>The new four-group classification provided better prognostic information than the classification according to Ronnett et al. (p=0.04). Expression of the PINCH protein in the stroma was found in 83% of the cases and was associated with high tumor burden (p=0.002) and a poor prognosis (p=0.04).</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p><p>The proposed new PMP classification system may provide additional prognostic information. PINCH protein is expressed in PMP and has prognostic information.</p>
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2.
  • Andreasson, Hakan, et al. (författare)
  • Histopathological Classification of Pseudomyxoma Peritonei and the Prognostic Importance of PINCH Protein
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR). - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 32:4, s. 1443-1448
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Aim: The aims of this study were i) to assess a new and more detailed histopathological classification and to analyze concordance between pathologists in the histopathological classification of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP); ii) to analyze the expression in the stroma of the particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine (PINCH) protein and its prognostic importance in PMP. Materials and Methods: Surgical specimens from 81 patients, classified according to the Ronnett et al histopathological classification were compared to a new system with four groups ranging from indolent to aggressive growth patterns. PINCH protein expression was analyzed and was related to clinical variables. Results: The new four-group classification provided better prognostic information than the classification according to Ronnett et al. (p=0.04). Expression of the PINCH protein in the stroma was found in 83% of the cases and was associated with high tumor burden (p=0.002) and a poor prognosis (p=0.04). Conclusion: The proposed new PMP classification system may provide additional prognostic information. PINCH protein is expressed in PMP and has prognostic information.</p>
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3.
  • Andréasson, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Outcome differences between debulking surgery and cytoreductive surgery in patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 38:10, s. 962-968
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>BACKGROUND:</strong></p><p>The aim of this study was to compare debulking surgery and cytoreductive surgery (CRS) in patients with Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) regarding efficacy and safety.</p><p><strong>PATIENTS AND METHODS:</strong></p><p>Data were extracted from medical records and treatment outcomes were analyzed for all 152 patients with PMP who were scheduled for debulking surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) or CRS and IPC at Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden, between September 1993 and December 2008.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong></p><p>One hundred and ten patients (73%) were treated with CRS and IPC and 40 (27%) with debulking surgery and IPC. In two patients (1%), surgery was defined as open and close. Patients with CRS and IPC had a 74% 5-year overall survival (OS) rate compared with 40% for those treated with debulking surgery (P &lt; 0.001). Patients with no residual macroscopic tumour (R1 resection) had a better 5-year OS rate of 94% compared with 28% for patients with macroscopic residual tumour (R2) (P &lt; 0.001). Grades II-IV adverse events were seen in 29% of debulked patients and in 47% of CRS/IPC patients (P = 0.053).</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong></p><p>CRS and IPC seems more efficient than debulking surgery and IPC but with numerically higher morbidity. Therefore, if surgically possible, CRS should be the treatment of choice for PMP patients. However, debulking surgery may still be of benefit to selected patients for palliative purposes.</p>
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4.
  • Andréasson, Håkan (författare)
  • Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Aspects of Natural History, Learning Curve, Treatment Outcome and Prognostic Factors
  • 2013
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disease characterized by mucinous peritoneal metastasis (PM). Different loco-regional treatment strategies, i.e. debulking surgery and cytoreductive surgery (CRS) in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), have changed the prognosis for these patients. CRS is an aggressive surgical procedure with a long learning curve. PMP exists in different types; how many depends on which classification is used.</p><p>The aims of this thesis were to investigate the time-frame of PMP development from an isolated appendiceal neoplasm, examine the learning process for CRS, evaluate the differences in treatment outcome between debulking surgery and CRS in combination with HIPEC, to evaluate a more detailed PMP classification and to investigate particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine (PINCH) protein as a prognostic factor for PMP.</p><p>Retrospectively 26 PMP patients were identified as having had an appendectomy with a neoplasm in the appendix but with no evidence of PM at the appendectomy. They were treated for PMP within a median of 13.1 months (3.8-95.3) after the appendectomy. No difference was seen between the types of PMP regarding the time to a clinically significant development of PMP and how much tumour was found at treatment. CRS is a highly invasive treatment and stabilization in the learning curve was seen after 220±10 procedures. Patients treated with CRS+HIPEC had a better 5-year overall survival (OS) than patients treated with debulking surgery, 74% vs. 40%. CRS increased the rate of complete cytoreduction from 25% in patients treated with debulking surgery to 72%. The new four-grade PMP classification showed very good inter-rater agreement between two independent pathologists and a difference in survival rates was observed between the different grades. A positive PINCH staining was recorded in 83% of the tumours and that was associated with poorer survival.</p>
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6.
  • Andréasson, Sara Näslund, et al. (författare)
  • Peritonectomy with high voltage electrocautery generates higher levels of ultrafine smoke particles
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 35:7, s. 780-784
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: To adequately perform peritonectomy, the use of an electrocautery device at a high voltage is recommended. The aim of this study was to analyse the amount of airborne and ultrafine particles (UFP) generated during peritonectomy and to compare this with standard colon and rectal cancer surgery (CRC). METHOD: UFP was measured approximately 2-3cm from the breathing area of the surgeon (personal sampling) and 3m from where the electrocautery smoke was generated (stationary sampling) from 14 consecutive peritonectomy procedures and 11 standard CRC resections. The sampling was by P-Trak UFP counter that has the capacity to detect particle size ranging from 0.02 to 1mum. RESULTS: The cumulative level of UFP of personal sampling in the peritonectomy group was higher (9.3x10(6)particle/ml/h (pt/ml/h)) than in the control group (4.8x10(5)pt/ml/h). A higher cumulative level of UFP in stationary sampling was observed in the PC group (2.6x10(6) pt/ml/h) than in the control group (3.9x10(4)pt/ml/h). CONCLUSION: Peritonectomy procedure with high voltage electrocautery generates elevated levels of UFP than standard CRC surgery does. The level of UFP produced by a peritonectomy is comparable to cigarette smoking. More efficient smoke evacuator systems are needed in order to reduce the levels of UFP generated during electrocautery surgery.</p>
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7.
  • Arakelian, Erebouni, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Factors influencing early postoperative recovery after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 37:10, s. 897-903
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND:</p> <p>Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) can prolong survival in selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). However, there is little data on patients' recovery process after this complex treatment. This study aimed to describe the in-hospital postoperative recovery and factors related to the recovery of patients who undergo CRS and HIPEC.</p> <p>METHOD:</p> <p>A retrospective audit of the electronic health record (EHR) was undertaken for 76 PC patients (42 women, 34 men) treated primarily with CRS and HIPEC between 2005 and 2006 in Sweden.</p> <p>RESULTS:</p> <p>Oral intake, regaining bowel functions and mobilisation usually occurred between 7 and 11 days postoperatively. Patients experienced nausea for up to 13 days postoperatively. Forty-two patients were satisfied with their pain management, which usually took the form of epidural anaesthesia and which continued for about one week post-surgery. Sleep disturbance was observed in 51 patients and psychological problems in 49 patients during the first three postoperative weeks. Tumour burden, stoma formation, use of CPAP, primary diagnosis, and the length of stay in the ICU were factors related to an early recovery process.</p> <p>CONCLUSION:</p> <p>Drinking, eating, regaining bowel functions and mobilisation were re-established within 11 days of CRS and HIPEC. Tumour burden, stoma formation, use of CPAP, primary diagnosis and the length of stay in the ICU all had an impact on postoperative recovery, and should be discussed with the patients preoperatively and taken into consideration in designing an individualised patient care plan, in order to attain a more efficient recovery.</p>
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8.
  • Arakelian, Erebouni, 1973- (författare)
  • Operating Room Efficiency and Postoperative Recovery after Major Abdominal Surgery <em>The Surgical Team’s Efficiency and the Early Postoperative </em><em>Recovery of Patients with Peritoneal Carcinomatosis</em>
  • 2011
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>In selected patients, surgical treatments such as cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) have enabled curative treatment options for previously incurable diseases, such as peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). The introduction of resource demanding surgery could affect the work process, efficiency, and productivity within a surgical department and factors influencing patient postoperative recovery processes may have an impact on the efficiency of patient care after major surgery.</p> <p>The aim of this thesis was to investigate operating room efficiency from the perspective of both staff and leaders’ in two different settings (Papers I and II) and the early postoperative recovery of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (Papers III and IV).</p> <p>Interviews were held with 21 people in a county hospital and 11 members of the PC team in a university hospital, and a phenomenographic approach was used to analysis the data (Papers I and II). The patients’ postoperative recovery and pulmonary adverse events (AE) were determined from data retrieved from the electronic health records of 76 patients (Papers III and IV).</p> <p>The concept of efficiency was understood in different ways by staff members and their leaders (Paper I). However, when working in a team, the team members had both organisation-oriented and individual-oriented understanding of efficiency at work that focused on the patients and the quality of care (Paper II).</p> <p>The patients with PC regained gastrointestinal functions and could be mobilised during early postoperative recovery phase, although many patients suffered from psychological disturbances, sleep deprivation, and nausea (Paper III). Postoperative clinical and radiological pulmonary AE were common, but did not affect the early recovery process (Paper IV).</p> <p>In conclusion, leaders who are aware of the variation in understanding the concept of efficiency are better able to create the same platform for staff members by defining the concept of efficiency within the organisation. In a team organisation, the team members have a wider understanding of the concept of efficiency with more focus on the patients. The factors affecting postoperative recovery and pulmonary AE should be considered when designing individualised patient care plans in order to attain a more efficient recovery.</p>
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9.
  • Arakelian, Erebouni, et al. (författare)
  • Pulmonary influences on early post-operative recovery in patients after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy treatment a retrospective study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 1477-7819 .- 1477-7819. ; 10, s. 258
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: The combination of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a curative treatment option for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). There have been few studies on the pulmonary adverse events (AEs) affecting patient recovery after this treatment, thus this study investigated these factors. Methods: Between January 2005 and December 2006, clinical data on all pulmonary AEs and the recovery progress were reviewed for 76 patients with after CRS and HIPEC. Patients with pulmonary interventions (thoracocenthesis and chest tubes) were compared with the non-intervention patients. Two senior radiologists, blinded to the post-operative clinical course, separately graded the occurrence of pulmonary AEs. Results: Of the 76 patients, 6 had needed thoracocentesis and another 6 needed chest tubes. There were no differences in post-operative recovery between the intervention and non-intervention groups. The total number of days on mechanical ventilation, the length of stay in the intensive care unit, total length of hospital stay, tumor burden, and an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade of greater than 2 were correlated with the occurrence of atelectasis and pleural effusion. Extensive atelectasis (grade 3 or higher) was seen in six patients, major pleural effusion (grade 3) in seven patients, and signs of heart failure (grade 1-2) in nine patients. Conclusions: Clinical and radiological post-operative pulmonary AEs are common after CRS and HIPEC. However, most of the pulmonary AEs did not affect post-operative recovery.</p>
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