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Sökning: WFRF:(Ronnstrand L)

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  • Hassel, Sylke, et al. (författare)
  • Interaction and functional cooperation between the serine/threonine kinase bone morphogenetic protein type II receptor with the tyrosine kinase stem cell factor receptor
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cellular Physiology. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1097-4652 .- 0021-9541. ; 206:2, s. 457-467
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Transmembrane receptors with intrinsic serine/threonine or tyrosine kinase domains regulate vital functions of cells in multicellular eukaryotes, e.g., differentiation, apoptosis, and proliferation. Here, we show that bone rnorphogenetic protein type II receptor (BMPR-II)which has a serine/threonine kinase domain, and stem cell factor receptor (c-kit) which contains a tyrosine kinase domain form a complex in vitro and in vivo; the interaction is induced upon treatment of cells with BMP2 and SCF. Stem cell factor (SCF) modulated BMP2-dependent activation of Smad1/5/8 and phosphorylation of Erk kinase. SCF also enhanced BMP2-dependent differentiation of C2C12 cells. We found that BMPR-II was phosphorylated at Ser757 upon co-expression with and activation of c-kit. BMPR-II phosphorylation required intact kinase activity of BMPR-II. Abrogation of the c-kit/SCF-dependent phosphorylation of BMPR-II at the Ser757 interfered with the cooperative effect of BMP2 and SCF. Our data suggest that the complex formation between c-kit and BMPR-II leads to phosphorylation of BMPR-II at Ser757, which modulates BMPR-II-dependent signaling.
  • Nore, Beston F, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of phosphorylation sites within the SH3 domains of Tec family tyrosine kinases
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et biophysica acta. - : Elsevier. - 0006-3002 .- 1878-2434. ; 1645:2, s. 123-132
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tec family protein tyrosine kinases (TFKs) play a central role in hematopoietic cellular signaling. Initial activation takes place through specific tyrosine phosphorylation situated in the activation loop. Further activation occurs within the SH3 domain via a transphosphorylation mechanism, which for Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) affects tyrosine 223. We found that TFKs phosphorylate preferentially their own SH3 domains, but differentially phosphorylate other member family SH3 domains, whereas non-related SH3 domains are not phosphorylated. We demonstrate that SH3 domains are good and reliable substrates. We observe that transphosphorylation is selective not only for SH3 domains, but also for dual SH3SH2 domains. However, the dual domain is phosphorylated more effectively. The major phosphorylation sites were identified as conserved tyrosines, for Itk Y180 and for Bmx Y215, both sites being homologous to the Y223 site in Btk. There is, however, one exception because the Tec-SH3 domain is phosphorylated at a non-homologous site, nevertheless a conserved tyrosine, Y206. Consistent with these findings, the 3D structures for SH3 domains point out that these phosphorylated tyrosines are located on the ligand-binding surface. Because a number of Tec family kinases are coexpressed in cells, it is possible that they could regulate the activity of each other through transphosphorylation.
  • Sun, J., et al. (författare)
  • The PI3-kinase isoform p110 delta is essential for cell transformation induced by the D816V mutant of c-Kit in a lipid-kinase-independent manner
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Oncogene. - 0950-9232 .- 1476-5594. ; 33:46, s. 5360-5369
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PI3-kinase has a crucial role in transformation mediated by the oncogenic c-Kit mutant D816V. In this study, we demonstrate that the c-Kit/D816V-mediated cell survival is dependent on an intact direct binding of PI3-kinase to c-Kit. However, mutation of this binding site had little effect on the PI3-kinase activity in the cells, suggesting that c-Kit/D816V-mediated cell survival is dependent on PI3-kinase but not its kinase activity. Furthermore, inhibition of the lipid kinase activity of PI3-kinase led only to a slight inhibition of cell survival. Knockdown of the predominant PI3-kinase isoform p110 delta in c-Kit/D816V-expressing Ba/F3 cells led to reduced cell transformation both in vitro and in vivo without affecting the overall PI3-kinase activity. This suggests that p110 delta has a lipid-kinaseindependent role in c-Kit/D816V-mediated cell transformation. We furthermore demonstrate that p110 delta is phosphorylated at residues Y524 and S1039 and that phosphorylation requires an intact binding site for PI3-kinase in c-Kit/D816V. Overexpression of p110 delta carrying the Y523F and S1038A mutations significantly reduced c-Kit/D816V-mediated cell survival and proliferation. Taken together, our results demonstrate an important lipid-kinase-independent role of p110 delta in c-Kit/D816V-mediated cell transformation. This furthermore suggests that p110 delta could be a potential diagnostic factor and selective therapeutic target for c-Kit/D816V-expressing malignancies.
  • Zadjali, F, et al. (författare)
  • Structural Basis for c-KIT Inhibition by the Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 6 (SOCS6) Ubiquitin Ligase
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biological Chemistry. - : ASBMB. - 1083-351X. ; 286:1, s. 480-490
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The c-KIT receptor tyrosine kinase mediates the cellular response to stem cell factor (SCF). Whereas c-KIT activity is important for the proliferation of hematopoietic cells, melanocytes and germ cells, uncontrolled c-KIT activity contributes to the growth of diverse human tumors. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 6 (SOCS6) is a member of the SOCS family of E3 ubiquitin ligases that can interact with c-KIT and suppress c-KIT-dependent pathways. Here, we analyzed the molecular mechanisms that determine SOCS6 substrate recognition. Our results show that the SH2 domain of SOCS6 is essential for its interaction with c-KIT pY568. The 1.45-A crystal structure of SOCS6 SH2 domain bound to the c-KIT substrate peptide (c-KIT residues 564-574) revealed a highly complementary and specific interface giving rise to a high affinity interaction (K(d) = 0.3 mum). Interestingly, the SH2 binding pocket extends to substrate residue position pY+6 and envelopes the c-KIT phosphopeptide with a large BG loop insertion that contributes significantly to substrate interaction. We demonstrate that SOCS6 has ubiquitin ligase activity toward c-KIT and regulates c-KIT protein turnover in cells. Our data support a role of SOCS6 as a feedback inhibitor of SCF-dependent signaling and provides molecular data to account for target specificity within the SOCS family of ubiquitin ligases.
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