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Sökning: WFRF:(Sundqvist Bertil)

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  • Aksenova, N.A., et al. (författare)
  • Structural studies of C60 polymerized at high pressure
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the Symposium on Recent Advances in the Chemistry and Physics of Fullerenes and Related Materials : : [based on papers presented at the fourth symposium of the Fullerenes Group of the Electrochemical Society, held at the 192nd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society in Paris, France, from August 31 to September 5, 1997. This symposium, entitled Fullerenes: Chemistry, Physics and New Directions X ...]. - Pennington, NJ : Electrochemical Society, Incorporated. - 1-566-77192-7
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Aksenova, N.A., et al. (författare)
  • Structure studies of C60 polymerized at low pressures
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Fullerenes : Recent Advances in the Chemistry and Physics of Fullerenes and Related Materials, vol. 5. - Pennington, NJ : The Electrochemical Society. - 1-56677-192-7 ; s. 687-694
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The structure and lattice properties of a polymerized C60 sample were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction over the range from liquid-nitrogen to room temperature. The aim of these studies was to establish the effect of low-pressure compression (up to 1.1 GPa) on the phase composition of the sample, to determine the structure of the phases involved, to obtain the variation of the lattice parameters with temperature, to observe eventual phase transformation in polymerized C60, and to elucidate the evolution of the orientational order with varying temperature. Analysis of the room-temperature diffraction patterns indicates that the sample contained at least two major phases, namely rhombohedral and and tetragonal with the polymerization array close to two-dimensional. Our data obtained on samples annealed at 300 C in the air allow us to conclude that polymerized C60 converts to a mixture of the fcc structure plus a new phase, presumably C60O.
  • Aleksandrovskii, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of argon on the thermal expansion of fullerite C60 at helium temperatures
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Low temperature physics (Woodbury, N.Y., Print). - American Institute of Physics. - 1063-777X. ; 27:3, s. 245-246
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The linear thermal expansion of compacted Ar-doped fullerite C60(ArxC60) is investigated at 2–12 K using a dilatometric method. The thermal expansion of ArxC60 is also studied after partial desaturation of argon from fullerite. It is revealed that argon doping resulted in a considerable change of the temperature dependence of the thermal expansion of fullerite. An explanation of the observed effects is proposed.
  • Aleksandrovskii, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • Low-temperature thermal expansion of pure and inert gas-doped fullerite C60
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur (Kharkov). - 0132-6414 (Print) 1816-0328 (On-line). ; 29:4, s. 432-442
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The low temperature (2–24 K) thermal expansion of pure (single-crystal and polycrystalline) C60 and polycrystalline C60 intercalated with He, Ne, Ar, and Kr has been investigated using the high-resolution capacitance dilatometer. The investigation of the time dependence of the sample length variations deltaL(t) on heating by deltaT shows that the thermal expansion is determined by the sum of positive and negative contributions, which have different relaxation times. The negative thermal expansion usually prevails at helium temperatures. The positive expansion is connected with the phonon thermalization of the system. The negative expansion is caused by reorientation of the C60 molecules. It is assumed that the reorientation is of a quantum character. The inert gas impurities affect the reorientation of the C60 molecules very strongly, especially at liquid helium temperatures. A temperature hysteresis of the thermal expansion coefficient of Kr– and He–C60 solutions has been revealed. The hysteresis is attributed to orientational polyamorphous transformation in these systems.
  • Aleksandrovskii, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • Negative thermal expansion of fullerite C60 at helium temperatures
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Low temperature physics (Woodbury, N.Y., Print). - 1063-777X. ; 23:11, s. 943-946
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The thermal expansion of fullerite C60 has been measured in the temperature range 2–9 K. A compacted fullerite sample with a diameter of about 6 mm and height of 2.4 mm was used. It was found that at temperatures below ~ 3.4 K the linear thermal expansion coefficient becomes negative. At temperatures above 5 K our results are in good agreement with the available literature data. A qualitative explanation of the results is proposed
  • Aleksandrovskii, A.N., et al. (författare)
  • On the polyamorphism of fullerite-based orientational glasses.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Low Temperature Physics. - 1063-777X. ; 31:5, s. 429-444
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The dilatometric investigation in the temperature range of 2–28 K shows that a first-orderpolyamorphous transition occurs in the orientational glasses based on C60 doped with H2, D2 andXe. A polyamorphous transition was also detected in C60 doped with Kr and He. It is observed thatthe hysteresis of thermal expansion caused by the polyamorphous transition (and, hence, the transitiontemperature) is essentially dependent on the type of doping gas. Both positive and negativecontributions to the thermal expansion were observed in the low-temperature phase of the glasses.The relaxation time of the negative contribution occurs to be much longer than that of the positivecontribution. The positive contribution is found to be due to phonon and libron modes, whilst thenegative contribution is attributed to tunneling states of the C60 molecules. The characteristictime of the phase transformation from the low-T phase to the high-T phase has been found for theC60–H2 system at 12 K. A theoretical model is proposed to interpret these observed phenomena.The theoretical model proposed, includes a consideration of the nature of polyamorphism inglasses, as well as the thermodynamics and kinetics of the transition. A model of noninteractingtunneling states is used to explain the negative contribution to the thermal expansion. The experimentaldata obtained is considered within the framework of the theoretical model. From the theoreticalmodel the order of magnitude of the polyamorphous transition temperature has been estimated.It is found that the late stage of the polyamorphous transformation is described well by theKolmogorov law with an exponent of n = 1. At this stage of the transformation, the two-dimensionalphase boundary moves along the normal, and the nucleation is not important.
  • Aleksandrovskii, A.N., et al. (författare)
  • Thermal expansion of fullerite C60 alloyed with argon and neon
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Low temperature physics (Woodbury, N.Y., Print). - Woodbury : American Institute of Physics. - 1063-777X. ; 27:12, s. 1033-1036
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The linear thermal expansion of compacted fullerite C60 alloyed with argon (ArxC60) and neon (NexC60) are investigated by a dilatometric method. The experimental temperature is 2–12 K. In the same temperature interval the thermal expansion of ArxC60 and NexC60 are examined after partial desaturation of the gases from fullerite. It is found that Ar and Ne alloying affects the temperature dependence of the thermal expansion coefficient of C60 quite appreciably. The libration and translation contributions to the thermal expansion of pure C60 are separated. The experimental results on the thermal expansion are used to obtain the Debye temperature of pure C60. The effects observed are tentatively interpreted.
  • Aleksandrovskii, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • Thermal expansion of single-crystal fullerite C60 at helium temperatures
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Low temperature physics (Woodbury, N.Y., Print). - 1063-777X. ; 26:1, s. 75-80
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The thermal expansion of single-crystal fullerite C60 has been studied in the range of liquid-helium temperatures (2–10 K). At temperatures below ~4.5 K the thermal expansion of fullerite C60 becomes negative, in agreement with the previous results on polycrystalline materials. A qualitative explanation of the results is proposed.
  • Andersson, Britt M., et al. (författare)
  • Defects and the thermal conductivity of YBa2Cu3O7-d and YBa2Cu4O8
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, volume 195 : Proceedings of Symposium A on High Tc Superconductors of the 1992 E-MRS Fall Conference, Strasbourg 1992. - Elsevier Sequoia S.A.. - 0 444 81529 5 ; s. 655-658
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present below the first measured data for the thermal diffusivity and the thermal conductivity, λ, of dense, sintered ceramic YBa2Cu4O8 (1-2-4) as a function of temperature T between 40 and 310 K. At 300 K, λ is 6.3 Wm−1K−1, increasing with decreasing T to about 9.5 Wm−1K−1 near Tc. This T dependence is much stronger than in YBa2Cu3O7−δ (1-2-3). Only a very small enhancement is observed in λ below Tc. As in 1-2-3, λ is mainly limited by phonon scattering by defects.
  • Andersson, Britt M., et al. (författare)
  • Electrical resistivity and critical temperature of Bi-based high-Tc superconductors to 1 GPa
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: High Pressure Research, volumes 3 to 5 : High Pressure Science and Technology: Proceedings of the 12. AIRAPT and 27. EHPRG Conference, University Paderborn 1989. - London : Gordon and Breach. - 2-88124-746-6 ; s. 120-122
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have measured the electrical resistance R of a sintered, two-phase, high-TC superconductor with the nominal composition BiSrCaCu2Ox, as a function of T and p. We find d(lnR)/dp ≃ -0.06 GPa-1 at 295 K, while dTC/dp is 2.5 K/GPa for the phase with Tc ≃ 76 and 2 K/GPa for that with TC ≃ 106 K.
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