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  • Karlsson, Susanna, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Investigating dilemmas in language policy implementation.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: IRSPM Annual Conference. Budapest: 19-21 April. - Budapest : IRSPM.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper concerns the implementation of language policies within institutions for Swedish higher education. More specifically, the paper focuses on how the implementation process becomes manifested through language planning policy documents governing how and when which languages could or should be used. This paper explores how governmental policies have been transformed and implemented within institutions for higher education within Sweden. The purpose is to study language planning documents within institutions for higher education in order to disclose how dilemmas emerge through policy implementation. Higher education in Sweden can be divided into three contexts: research, education, and administration. Following Pierre and Painter (2010) these contexts can be conceptualized as welfare services and functions of legality. Of specific interest is the fact that although not all institutions for higher education are governmental agencies, all have to abide by the laws directing their legality functions. In this paper, two governmental policies are studied. First, all institutions for higher education should follow the Language Act (SFS 2009:600), dictating that Swedish is the principal language in Sweden. Also, the Act states that the language of all organizations performing public sector functions should be Swedish. Second, institutions for higher education should strive towards increased internationalization (Prop. 2004/05:162). In effect, this causes a dilemma between Swedish as the principal language and the focus on international actors. The empirical data consists of twenty-two language planning policy documents from Swedish institutions for higher education collected during 2015 and 2016. These are all available such documents to date. The research process was undertaken in two phases. During the first phase, all documents were subject to content analysis through close reading. It was found that the texts strongly coincided with research, education, and administration. The second phase involved a qualitative analysis concerning the preferences for choice of language within these three contexts. This paper draws on dilemma theory (cf. Hampden-Turner 1970, 2009) in order to analyze how institutions for higher education in Sweden face contradictory policy goals. Dilemmas are understood to be two desirable alternatives, that are individually perceived as logical. Together they present organizations with difficulties of achieving both. In this paper, dilemma is studied through the policies underpinning the construction of language planning documents. Following the analysis of the paper, three important topics are found to govern how and when which languages have primacy. First, the context of research contains rationalizations of Swedish as well as English as preferred language(s). Other language(s) are permitted, but are not exclusively identified. Second, the context of education contains rationalizations about the need for both Swedish and other languages depending on the situation. Third, the context of administration reveals how institutions for higher education are firmly grounded as performing governmental organizations. The main conclusion concerns the differing signals inherent in the underpinning governmental policies. The policy implementation of internationalization as well as the Language Act come to chafe against one another, causing dilemmas. It is discussed how such dilemmas result in problems for both internationalization and adherence to the Language Act.
  • Karlsson, Susanna, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Language policy as ‘frozen’ ideology: exploring the administrative function in Swedish higher education
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Current Issues in Language Planning. - 1466-4208.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article examines Language Policy documents within higher education institutions in Sweden. Its main focus is on how national language policies and policies for internationalization of the higher education are reinterpreted as local language policy. The analysis of ideologies surrounding the prescribed language(s) in meetings of decision making bodies in fifteen local Language Policy documents reveals how a monolingual national language policy is negotiated to accommodate an internationalized multilingual workplace. When the multilingual context of the internationalized university intrudes on the nationally oriented context of public administration, which favors Swedish as a default language, there are two solutions to be found in the language policy documents. (1) a temporary or permanent shift towards an internationally oriented monolingual context by allowing the use of another language, favoring English, or (2) a temporary or permanent shift towards parallel language-informed practices. Restrictive measures are found to construct situations where participation is made possible for non-regular non-Swedish-speaking members, while permissive measures provide inclusion for regular non-Swedish-speaking members, too.
  • Karlsson, Tom, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Considering (New Public) Civil Servants: Emerging Roles and Contexts
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Offentlig förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration. - 2000-8058. ; 22:3, s. 3-16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Public organizations In the 21stcentury, are increasingly complex in terms of multiple institutional rules, norms, and practices. This complexity constitutes a difficult challenge for civil servants to find and determine appropriate identities, roles and relationships in their everyday work. For this special issue we made a call for scholars to contribute new addressing the roles of civil servants within increasingly complex public sector organizations, focusing on a couple of interrelated research questions: What is the nature of public administration taking into consideration increasing institutional complexity in terms of persistent bureaucratic traditions, new public management solutions, participatory ideals, activist sentiments among officials and so forth? What are the consequences of this institutional complexity for the possibility of preserving a coherent, rule-governed public administration and what does public mean today in public administration? What types of roles are civil servants playing in relation to different institutional rules and norms and various categories of actor (politicians, citizens, organizations) and how do they handle frictions and conflicts? What type of conceptions of civil servants’ roles are developing, including public service ethics? What alternative and contesting role-conceptions and ethics are prevalent and supported? This introduction should be understood as being both a summary of the current state of research in relation to civil service – its predicaments and challenges – as well as being a suggestion for future attention among scholars and practitioners. We have thus written this introduction not only with the purpose of summarizing the main components inherent in the six articles that are included in this special issue but with the hope of also spurring discussions concerning what civil service has been, currently seems to be and might become in the future.
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