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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning) "

Sökning: AMNE:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning)

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11.
  • Byungura, Jean Claude, 1979- (författare)
  • Improving IT Integration for Higher Education Institutional Performance Towards a Contextualised IT-Institutional Alignment Model
  • 2019
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>The integration of information technology (IT) into service delivery is currently seen as an innovative strategy to support the modernising of universities worldwide. However, in some institutions in developing countries, including Rwanda, IT has failed to add the intended value to university services, despite huge associated investments in IT. Consequently, IT-organisational alignment continues to be a primary concern for university managers. This alignment is viewed in terms of its strategic, socio-cultural, and technological dimensions. For effective IT-institutional alignment, several antecedents (<em>alignment practices</em>) for creating an appropriate fit between IT and organisations have been suggested in the literature. However, several studies exploring IT alignment focused mainly on general business companies, and similar research with an emphasis on higher education institutions is still scarce. Therefore, the aim of this research was twofold: firstly, it attempted to understand the process of IT integration into universities; and secondly, to propose a contextual model for IT-institutional alignment within a higher education context. A design science research methodology (DSRM) was applied in this research, using surveys and case studies as research strategies. Preliminary findings at the exploration phase of this research indicated a strong misalignment between IT and the university services caused by the lack of clearly defined alignment practices. Furthermore, as the research main outcome, an IT-Institutional Alignment Model (ITIAM) was proposed after reaching an understanding of the current state and challenges related to IT integration into teaching, learning, research and university administration. This model includes 44 alignment practices, related to both technical and non-technical dimensions. These alignment practices were clustered under six categories: (1) <em>Communication, (2) Structure/Governance, (3) Technology Scope, (4) Competence/Value Measurement, (5) Skills, and (6) Partnership</em>. Alignment practices related to institutional structure and governance, skills and communication were found to have a strong positive influence on the institutional performance, as compared to those related to competence and value measurement, partnership, and technology scope. Based on the research findings, the proposed ITIAM, which was iteratively tested and evaluated using case study institutions, was found to be a relevant tool for guiding the implementation of IT systems towards the improvement of institutional performance. Hence, this thesis makes a theoretical contribution by applying the concept of IT alignment within a higher education context and by documenting the empirically tested contextual alignment practices as conveyed in the ITIAM Model. Additionally, as a practical implication, the results can serve as a reference for an effective IT integration process in university services and for how to improve performance through effective use of IT in teaching, learning, research and educational management.</p>
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12.
  • Kane, Bridget, et al. (författare)
  • Expanding the HCI Agenda in Healthcare
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: 2014 IEEE 27th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. - IEEE. - 978-1-4799-4435-4 ; s. 382-385
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Designing technology for use in healthcare, and its evaluation in the healthcare setting, deserves special attention because of the nature of the special context of use. Biological hazards and the risk of infection, issues of privacy and security, system response times, as well as human factors and patient safety are identified as areas deserving of special attention. We give examples and quote from clinician interviews for illustration, and we argue that increased focus from the HCI community on these areas will bring tangible benefits of health information systems to healthcare staff, and ultimately improve patient services. </p>
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18.
  • Ståhlbröst, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Social media for user innovation in Living Labs : a framework to support user recruitment and commitment
  • 2013
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Social media are becoming an increasingly relevant channel for user involvement. However, their uptake in Living Labs environments, as a means to engage users in innovation processes, is still limited. The aim of this paper is to explore challenges and opportunities related to the usage of social media for user involvement in co-creative processes, The findings presented emerge both from the available literature and case studies, and emphasise four different dimensions influencing user engagement: facilitator, community, platform and innovation process. Based on these dimensions, the authors propose a basic framework, intended as the point of departure for taking the next step toward the construction and verification of theoretical constructs that can help inform and guide future innovation projects.</p>
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20.
  • Andersson, Annika, 1968- (författare)
  • Digital divides revisited : towards a model for analysis
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Electronic government : Proceedings of the third international conference, EGOV 2004, Zaragoza, Spain, August 30 - September 3, 2004. - Berlin : Springer. - 978-3-540-22916-2 ; s. 289-292
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This paper presents a model for categories of divides, and how these categories are interrelated. The factors are found by a literature study from different countries attempting to measure various divides. The model is based on earlier research on the ‘divide’ and includes: physical access, autonomy of use, know-how and motivation. Depending on the type of digital divide and the local situation, rectifying efforts must address the most crucial factor, which could be any of the four. The paper also introduces the nature and amount of different proposed divides, and relations among factors.</p>
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