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11.
  • Norris, Matthew (författare)
  • A Pilgrimage to the Past : Johannes Bureus and the Rise of Swedish Antiquarian Scholarship, 1600-1650
  • 2016
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • At the end of the eighteenth century, Edward Gibbon described the antiquarian scholars of previous generations as men of “profound learning and easy faith.” His exemplar was the Swedish polymath Olof Rudbeck, who in a series of frantic and combative tomes sought to portray Sweden as the model for Plato’s Atlantis and the seething cultural cauldron from which Western civilization had emerged. A Pilgrimage to the Past takes a century-wide step back and investigates the wellspring of a number of Rudbeck’s ideas and methods in the scholarly milieu surrounding Johannes Bureus (1568–1652), archivist, alchemist, self-proclaimed herald of the Apocalypse, and Sweden’s first antiquarius regni. The book follows Bureus and his contemporaries on a whirlwind scholarly expedition traversing through thrilling new discoveries and debilitating dead-ends, set against the backdrop of a world in which the vision of antiquity served as a virtual battleground on which the spiritual and intellectual convictions of a divided and gradually transforming Europe came to blows. In the process, it reminds us that the past has always been both a challengingly foreign and deceptively familiar place. Chapter One serves as a general introduction to Bureus and early modern antiquarianism. Chapter Two begins with an overview of Bureus’ early life and education, and proceeds to chart his lifelong engagement with astronomical, astrological, and cosmological questions, introducing a number of the key components of his thought, and showing how his antiquarian pursuits were firmly embedded in a complex web of broader scientific, philosophical, and spiritual concerns. It then turns to a discussion of his early encounter with the runes and his exploratory documentation of the domestic cultural landscape. Chapter Three explores the challenges attached to the recovery of ancient barbarian culture in the midst of an ongoing Renaissance of classical antiquity, and through a series of case studies, details the ways in which hypothetical reconstruction based on comparative analysis and the creative interpretation of visual and material evidence were methods used to accomplish that goal. Here Bureus’ motives, methods, and conclusions are compared with those of his friend and antiquarian colleague Johannes Messenius (c. 1579–1636). Chapter Four focuses on Bureus’ view of the history of language and writing, and traces the ways in which the project to retrieve and restore ancient Swedish culture fell into conflict with contemporary patriotically-oriented projects waged by Danish and German scholars. The fifth chapter broadens the scope of its predecessor and focuses on Bureus’ enduring quest to understand the place of the language and writing system of his ancestors in relation to the languages and scripts of the ancient Orient. A short epilogue pulls back in order to view the phenomenon of early seventeenth-century Swedish antiquarianism from the vantage point of the longue durée.
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12.
  • Pålsson, Carl Magnus (författare)
  • Ombyggnad pågår : Lunds tekniska högskola och ingenjörsrollens förändring
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study deals with the transformation of institutions of higher technical education in Sweden. It situates those processes in the context of educational reforms during the second half of the 20th century. Lund Institute of Technology, Lunds tekniska högskola (LTH), is focused upon. It was founded in 1961 as a major addition to the expanding higher education system. As a newly established institution, LTH took its principal values and ideals from the older polytechnics. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the concepts “the polytechnical ideal” and “engineering science” came into use to denote the content and form of the engineering programs. These standards provided a stable ideological core and a common focus for a homogeneous set of stakeholders. Yet, these standards were challenged as the polytechnics became institutions of mass education and as the political influence over the economy and the norms of higher education increased. During the expansion of the education system, coordination of resources and integration of the institutions received top priority. This line of reasoning was especially significant in the fields of science and engineering. In a radical departure from established organizational form, LTH in 1969 therefore was integrated into Lund University. Previously Swedish polytechnics and universities had evolved in relative separation. From the 1970s onward, polytechnics came under pressure to reform their curricula in order to adjust to the attitudes, knowledge, and proficiency of the students. This process is traced in the development of LTH. The mission of the polytechnics also shifted in other respects, e.g. in terms of their role in regional innovation systems. The objective of the polytechnics within the educational system was modified, as was the position of engineers in society. Subsequently, the engineering profession of today has to be informed by a broader range of societal considerations than half a century ago.
13.
  • Sjöström, Jesper (författare)
  • Kemicentrum vid Lunds universitet - Perspektiv på organisation och forskning vid Sveriges första storinstitution
  • 2007
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Det är nu 40 år sedan Sveriges första storinstitution, Kemicentrum vid Lunds universitet, bildades 1967. Kemiämnena vid Lunds universitet, kemisektionen vid Lunds Tekniska Högskola och Alnarpsinstitutets mejeriforskning sammanfördes i ett gemensamt byggnadskomplex i norra Lund. Tidigare självständiga institutioner med lång historia och nybildade forskningsinriktningar vid LTH blev nu alla forskningsavdelningar vid en gemensam storinstitution. Denna bok ger en mångsidig beskrivning av Kemicentrum. Bland annat diskuteras vilka faktorer som kan förklara storinstitutionens tillkomst och omvandling över tid. Bokens huvudsakliga fokus ligger på Kemicentrums organisation och forskning.</p>
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14.
15.
  • Sundeen, Johan (författare)
  • Andelivets agitator : J A Eklund, kristendomen och kulturen
  • 2008
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>The purpose of this thesis is to study the formation of opinions in issues related to the problem area of Christianity and culture of Public Theologian J A Eklund (1863-1945). The concept of Public Theologian refers to a theologian, who by participating in the cultural debate, strives to convince the public that Christianity is a superior theory of life even in modern society, and of Christianity’s relevance in every area of society. The thesis demonstrates that the issue of the relationship between Christianity and culture is visible throughout most of Eklund’s rich and multifaceted authorship, and can be said to pose a life long problem for him. Many other theologians in his time were also engaged in the issue of Christianity and culture. It was a problem characteristic of the generation. For more than thirty years Spiritual Life (Geistesleben, in german) was Eklund’s ideological signature. To him the concept carries humanistic, idealistic and Christian implications. Spiritual life is a denotation for the superior, free human life as opposed to nature, guided by laws and/or instincts. At times Eklund constrains the concept and gives it a more distinct religious meaning as he, for example, speaks of spiritual life in terms of “human life from above”. One must not thereby be led to believe that Eklund limits spiritual life to the sphere of the church; rather, in contrast he stresses that spiritual life also applies to science and learning, art and literature, customs and traditions, working life etc. Eklund’s use of the concept is highly connected to his interest in the problems pertaining to Christianity and culture. The title of this thesis – Agitator of the Spiritual Life – is explained by Eklund perceiving himself as a cross between a priest and an agitator. It is characteristic to his often unconventional approach and actions in his functions as priest and bishop that he perceived himself as an agitator, a political character who in his time was commonly referred to as the demagogue. The combination of a vehement temper, frequent controversial initiatives and an intensive will to take part in the cultural struggle earned him the name “the polemical Bishop of Karlstad”. The character of Eklund’s public theology, its agitating and often highly polemical mark, has to be put in relation to the intensive debates of the late 19:th century and the early 20:the century, between proponents of different theories of life. The issue of Christianity’s relationship to culture is treated as a group of problems in the thesis. Based on the occurrence of distinct themes in Eklund’s bibliography, a number of sub-problems have been identified. The thesis discusses Eklund’s view of the relationship between: 1) Christianity and science 2) Christianity and humanities 3) Christianity and philosophy 4) Christianity and fiction 5) Christianity and politics/state 6) Christianity and nationalism/ethnicity 7) Christianity and history. Finally it discusses Eklund’s view of Christianity’s standpoint in the issue of war and peace.</p>
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16.
  • Sundeen, Johan (författare)
  • Andelivets agitator : J A Eklund, kristendomen och kulturen
  • 2008
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The purpose of this thesis is to study the formation of opinions in issues related to the problem area of Christianity and culture of Public Theologian J A Eklund (1863-1945). The concept of Public Theologian refers to a theologian, who by participating in the cultural debate, strives to convince the public that Christianity is a superior theory of life even in modern society, and of Christianity’s relevance in every area of society. The thesis demonstrates that the issue of the relationship between Christianity and culture is visible throughout most of Eklund’s rich and multifaceted authorship, and can be said to pose a life long problem for him. Many other theologians in his time were also engaged in the issue of Christianity and culture. It was a problem characteristic of the generation. For more than thirty years Spiritual Life (Geistesleben, in german) was Eklund’s ideological signature. To him the concept carries humanistic, idealistic and Christian implications. Spiritual life is a denotation for the superior, free human life as opposed to nature, guided by laws and/or instincts. At times Eklund constrains the concept and gives it a more distinct religious meaning as he, for example, speaks of spiritual life in terms of “human life from above”. One must not thereby be led to believe that Eklund limits spiritual life to the sphere of the church; rather, in contrast he stresses that spiritual life also applies to science and learning, art and literature, customs and traditions, working life etc. Eklund’s use of the concept is highly connected to his interest in the problems pertaining to Christianity and culture. The title of this thesis – Agitator of the Spiritual Life – is explained by Eklund perceiving himself as a cross between a priest and an agitator. It is characteristic to his often unconventional approach and actions in his functions as priest and bishop that he perceived himself as an agitator, a political character who in his time was commonly referred to as the demagogue. The combination of a vehement temper, frequent controversial initiatives and an intensive will to take part in the cultural struggle earned him the name “the polemical Bishop of Karlstad”. The character of Eklund’s public theology, its agitating and often highly polemical mark, has to be put in relation to the intensive debates of the late 19:th century and the early 20:the century, between proponents of different theories of life. The issue of Christianity’s relationship to culture is treated as a group of problems in the thesis. Based on the occurrence of distinct themes in Eklund’s bibliography, a number of sub-problems have been identified. The thesis discusses Eklund’s view of the relationship between: 1) Christianity and science 2) Christianity and humanities 3) Christianity and philosophy 4) Christianity and fiction 5) Christianity and politics/state 6) Christianity and nationalism/ethnicity 7) Christianity and history. Finally it discusses Eklund’s view of Christianity’s standpoint in the issue of war and peace.
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17.
  • Tunlid, Anna (författare)
  • Ärftlighetsforskningens gränser : Individer och institutioner i framväxten av svensk genetik
  • 2004
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Popular Abstract in Swedish Den moderna genetiken tar sin början kring sekelskiftet 1900 då de mendelska lagarna återupptäcktes. Den tidiga utvecklingen skedde i många länder i nära anslutning till den praktiska växtförädlingen, så även i Sverige där det redan fanns en framgångsrik växtförädling genom Sveriges utsädesförenings verksamhet i Svalöf. Här introducerade botanisten Herman Nilsson-Ehle mendelismen som en metod inom växtförädling i början av 1900-talet. År 1917 fick han en personlig professur i ärftlighetsläran (som ämnet kallades vid den här tiden) knuten till Lunds universitet, vilken huvudsakligen motiverades av hans verksamhet som växtförädlare. Nilsson-Ehle betonade ärftlighetsforskningens ekonomiska betydelse för samhället och under hans tid som professor kom ärftlighetsforskningen att bedrivas i nära anslutning till praktisk växtförädling. År 1925 utnämndes han till föreståndare för utsädesföreningen i Svalöf, och i samband med detta kom universitetets institution för ärftlighetsforskning att förläggas dit. Flera av hans lärjungar kom emellertid att intressera sig för mer generella och teoretiska frågeställningar, i synnerhet frågor som rörde evolutionsbiologiska förhållanden. Då Nilsson-Ehle gick i pension 1938 efterträddes han av Arne Müntzing, sin före detta elev. Som nytillträdd professor beslutade Müntzing att bryta de starka banden mellan ärftlighetsforskningen och den praktiska växtförädlingen och i stället etablera ärftlighetsforskningen som en självständig disciplin i anslutning till andra naturvetenskapliga och medicinska discipliner vid Lunds universitet. Framväxten av genetiken som en akademisk disciplin i Sverige kan därför beskrivas i två olika faser. I den första fasen etablerades och utvecklades genetiken i nära anknytning till den praktisk växtförädlings intressen, vilket gav tillgång till viktiga resurser för den vetenskapliga verksamheten, men också kom att påverka val av forskningsinriktning. I den andra fasen av ämnets utveckling förändrades förhållandet till den praktiska växtförädlingen i syfte att skapa en självständig akademisk disciplin. Under denna process definierades ämnets gränser och innehåll på delvis skilda sätt för att därigenom legitimera verksamheten och erhålla nödvändiga resurser för disciplinens uppbyggnad. Genom att följa denna utveckling kan man se hur genetiken identiferades som dels ett teoretiskt ämne, dels ett ämne med stor betydelse för flera olika samhällsfrågor, till exempel växtförädling och rashygien.
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20.
  • Önnerfors, Andreas (författare)
  • Svenska Pommern : kulturmöten och identifikation 1720–1815
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Popular Abstract in Swedish Svenska Pommerns historia är en del av den svenska historien. Mellan 1648 och 1815 hörde den tyska Östersjöprovinsen till det svenska väldet. Denna avhandling skildrar människorna och deras syn på Sverige under de sista hundra åren av svensk tillhörighet mellan 1720 och 1815. Hur påverkades provinsens invånare av att å ena sidan räkna sig till den tyska kulturen och å andra sidan erbjudas möjligheten att blicka norrut? Pomrarnas möte med det svenska och deras identifikation gentemot Sverige genomgick under de sista hundra åren av svensktid tre faser: från det att den svenska stormaktstidens kulturella kapital avvisades över en fas av intensiva kontakter till en romantisk idealisering av det nordiska brödrafolket. Förutsättning för en sådan förändring var att under upplysningstiden lärda och moraliska sällskap etablerades i provinsen som skapade konkreta mötesplatser. Ett annat inslag i provinsens kulturliv var lärda tidskrifter som över decennierna flitigt rapporterade om svenska ämnen. Genom blandäktenskap, resor och förbindelser till Sverige och ömsesidig migration skapades en allt större kompetens i fråga om språk och historia. Översättningar och resskildringar skapade en förtrogenhet med Sverige som lade grunden för en positiv idealisering under romantikens frambrytning och Napoleonkrigens omtumlande år.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 21
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