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Sökning: L773:0007 0920 OR L773:1532 1827 > (2010-2014)

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41.
  • Lindquist, David, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of LRIG1 is associated with good prognosis and human papillomavirus status in oropharyngeal cancer
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 110:7, s. 1793-1800
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background:The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer has increased rapidly during the past decades. HPV is typically associated with a favourable outcome; however, a need exists for new and more effective prognostic and predictive markers for this disease. Leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG)-1 is a tumour suppressor protein that belongs to the LRIG family. LRIG1 expression has prognostic significance in various human cancers, including cervical cancer, where HPV is a key aetiological agent.Methods:The prognostic value of LRIG1 and LRIG2 immunoreactivity was investigated in tumour specimens from a Swedish cohort of patients with tonsillar and base of tongue oropharyngeal cancers, including 278 patients.Results:LRIG1 immunoreactivity correlated with disease-free survival and overall survival in univariate and multivariate analyses. Notably, patients with HPV-positive tumours with high LRIG1 staining intensity or a high percentage of LRIG1-positive cells showed a very good prognosis. Furthermore, LRIG1 expression correlated with HPV status, whereas LRIG2 expression inversely correlated with HPV status.Conclusions:Taken together, the results suggest that LRIG1 immunoreactivity could be a clinically important prognostic marker in HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer.</p>
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42.
  • Ling, Agnes, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • The intratumoural subsite and relation of CD8(+) and FOXP3(+) T lymphocytes in colorectal cancer provide important prognostic clues
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 110:10, s. 2551-2559
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: To find improved tools for prognostic evaluation in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), we have analysed how infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8(+)) and regulatory T lymphocytes (FoxP3(+)) correlates to prognosis, not only according to quantity and relation, but also to subsite within tumours of different molecular characteristics (microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype status).</p><p>Methods: CD8 and FOXP3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 426 archival tumour tissue samples from patients surgically resected for CRC. The average infiltration of CD8(+) and FOXP3(+) cells was assessed along the tumour invasive front, in the tumour centre and within the tumour epithelium (intraepithelial).</p><p>Results: We found that infiltration of CD8(+) T lymphocytes within the tumour epithelium provided the strongest prognostic information (P &lt; 0.001). At the tumour invasive front and tumour centre, FOXP3 expression withheld the strongest association to prognosis (P &lt; 0.001), suggesting FOXP3(+) T-lymphocyte infiltration to be a better prognostic tool than CD8(+) T lymphocytes at these intratumoural subsites. We further analysed the possible prognostic impact of the relation between these T-cell subsets, finding that a high intraepithelial CD8 expression was associated with a better patient outcome, independent of FOXP3 infiltration. In groups of low intraepithelial CD8 expression, however, a high infiltration rate of FOXP3(+) cells at the tumour invasive front, significantly improved prognosis.</p><p>Conclusions: Analyses of intraepithelial infiltration of CD8(+) T lymphocytes, infiltration of FOXP3(+) T lymphocytes at the tumour front or centre, and the relation between these subsets, may be a valuable tool for predicting prognosis in colon cancer.</p>
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43.
  • Lomnytska, M. I., et al. (författare)
  • Differential expression of ANXA6, HSP27, PRDX2, NCF2, and TPM4 during uterine cervix carcinogenesis : diagnostic and prognostic value
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 104:1, s. 110-119
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background:Cytology-based diagnostics of squamous cervical cancer (SCC) precursor lesions is subjective and can be improved by objective markers.Methods:IHC-based analysis of ANXA6, HSP27, peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), NCF2, and tropomyosin 4 (TPM4) during SCC carcinogenesis.Results:Expression of ANXA6, HSP27, PRDX2, and NCF2 in the cytoplasm of dysplastic cells increased from cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3 (CIN2/3) to microinvasive cancer. Invasive SCC showed lower expression of TPM4 than CIN and normal epithelium. CIN2/3 with the highest sensitivity and specificity differed from normal epithelium by cytoplasmic expression of HSP27. Patients with cytoplasmic HSP27 expression in SCC deviating from that observed in normal epithelium had worse relapse-free (P0.019) and overall (P0.014) survival. Invasive SCC with the highest sensitivity and specificity differed from normal epithelium by expression of PRDX2 and TPM4 in the cytoplasm, from CIN2/3 by the expression of ANXA6 and TPM4 in the cytoplasm, and from microinvasive SCC by the expression of PRDX2 and ANXA6 in the cytoplasm. The number of sporadic ANXA6 cells between the atypical cells increased from CIN2/3 to invasive SCC.Conclusion:Detection of expression changes of the proteins ANXA6, HSP27, PRDX2, NCF2, and TPM4 in SCC precursor lesions may aid current cytological and pathological diagnostics and evaluation of prognosis.</p>
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44.
  • Lomnytska, M. I., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of genomic stability on protein expression in endometrioid endometrial cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 106:7, s. 1297-1305
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Genomic stability is one of the crucial prognostic factors for patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). The impact of genomic stability on the tumour tissue proteome of EEC is not yet well established.</p><p>METHODS: Tissue lysates of EEC, squamous cervical cancer (SCC), normal endometrium and squamous cervical epithelium were subjected to two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and identification of proteins by MALDI TOF MS. Expression of selected proteins was analysed in independent samples by immunohistochemistry.</p><p>RESULTS: Diploid and aneuploid genomically unstable EEC displayed similar patterns of protein expression. This was in contrast to diploid stable EEC, which displayed a protein expression profile similar to normal endometrium. Approximately 10% of the differentially expressed proteins in EEC were specific for this type of cancer with differential expression of other proteins observed in other types of malignancy (e.g., SCC). Selected proteins differentially expressed in 2D gels of EEC were further analysed in an EEC precursor lesion, that is, atypical hyperplasia of endometrium, and showed increased expression of CLIC1, EIF4A1 and PRDX6 and decreased expression of ENO1, ANXA4, EMD and Ku70.</p><p>CONCLUSION: Protein expression in diploid and aneuploid genomically unstable EEC is different from the expression profile of proteins in diploid genomically stable EEC. We showed that changes in expression of proteins typical for EEC could already be detected in precursor lesions, that is, atypical hyperplasia of endometrium, highlighting their clinical potential for improving early diagnostics of EEC.</p>
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45.
  • Ludvigsson, Jonas F., 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Risk of prostate cancer in a population-based cohort of men with coeliac disease
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - London, United Kingdom : Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 106:1, s. 217-221
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Background:</strong> Prostate cancer (PC) is a leading cause of fatal cancer in men in developed countries. Coeliac disease (CD) has previously been linked to a raised cancer risk, and changes in some exposures following a CD diagnosis might hypothetically raise PC risk. METHODS: We identified 10 995 patients with CD who had undergone a small intestinal biopsy in 1969-2007. Statistics Sweden then identified 54 233 age-matched male reference individuals from the general population. PC data were obtained from the Swedish Cancer Register. Hazard ratios (HRs) for PC were estimated using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: During follow-up, 185 individuals with CD (expected = 200) had an incident diagnosis of PC. This corresponds to a HR of 0.92 (0.79-1.08) (with 95% confidence interval) and an absolute risk reduction of 15/100 000 person-years among those with CD. An increased risk was not observed even when identification of PC began 5 years after biopsy. CONCLUSION: Our conclusion is that a CD diagnosis does not represent an increased risk for PC. </p>
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46.
  • Martin-Liberal, J., et al. (författare)
  • Phase I study and preclinical efficacy evaluation of the mTOR inhibitor sirolimus plus gemcitabine in patients with advanced solid tumours
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 111:5, s. 858-865
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: We conducted a phase I study in patients with advanced solid tumours to identify the recommended dose, assess pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamic activity and preclinical antitumour efficacy of the combination of sirolimus and gemcitabine. Methods: Nineteen patients were treated with sirolimus 2 or 5mg daily and gemcitabine 800 or 1000 mg m(-2) on days 1 and 8. Dose escalation depended on dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) rate during the first 3-week period. Paired skin biopsies were evaluated for phosphorylated S6 (pS6) as marker of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) inhibition. Pharmacokinetics and preclinical evaluation of efficacy using two different sarcoma cell lines and leiomyosarcoma xenografts were also conducted. Results: Three DLTs were observed: grade 3 transaminitis, grade 3 thrombocytopenia and grade 4 thrombocytopenia. Common treatment-related adverse events included anaemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and transaminitis. Pharmacodynamic analyses demonstrated mTOR inhibition with sirolimus 5mg and PK showed no influence of sirolimus concentrations on gemcitabine clearance. In vitro and in vivo studies suggested mTOR pathway hyperactivation by gemcitabine that was reversed by sirolimus. Tumour growth in leiomyosarcoma xenografts was dramatically inhibited by the treatment. Conclusions: Recommended dose was sirolimus 5mg per 24 h plus gemcitabine 800 mg m(-2). Antitumour activity in preclinical sarcoma models and mTOR signalling inhibition were observed. A phase II study is currently ongoing.</p>
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47.
  • Møller, H, et al. (författare)
  • Completeness of case ascertainment and survival time error in English cancer registries : impact on 1-year survival estimates
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 105:1, s. 170-176
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>BACKGROUND:</strong></p> <p>It has been suggested that cancer registries in England are too dependent on processing of information from death certificates, and consequently that cancer survival statistics reported for England are systematically biased and too low.</p> <p><strong>METHODS:</strong></p> <p>We have linked routine cancer registration records for colorectal, lung, and breast cancer patients with information from the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) database for the period 2001-2007. Based on record linkage with the HES database, records missing in the cancer register were identified, and dates of diagnosis were revised. The effects of those revisions on the estimated survival time and proportion of patients surviving for 1 year or more were studied. Cases that were absent in the cancer register and present in the HES data with a relevant diagnosis code and a relevant surgery code were used to estimate (a) the completeness of the cancer register. Differences in survival times calculated from the two data sources were used to estimate (b) the possible extent of error in the recorded survival time in the cancer register. Finally, we combined (a) and (b) to estimate (c) the resulting differences in 1-year cumulative survival estimates.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS:</strong></p> <p>Completeness of case ascertainment in English cancer registries is high, around 98-99%. Using HES data added 1.9%, 0.4% and 2.0% to the number of colorectal, lung, and breast cancer registrations, respectively. Around 5-6% of rapidly fatal cancer registrations had survival time extended by more than a month, and almost 3% of rapidly fatal breast cancer records were extended by more than a year. The resulting impact on estimates of 1-year survival was small, amounting to 1.0, 0.8, and 0.4 percentage points for colorectal, lung, and breast cancer, respectively.</p> <p><strong>INTERPRETATION:</strong></p> <p>English cancer registration data cannot be dismissed as unfit for the purpose of cancer survival analysis. However, investigators should retain a critical attitude to data quality and sources of error in international cancer survival studies.</p>
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48.
  • Obón-Santacana, M., et al. (författare)
  • Dietary intake of acrylamide and endometrial cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 111:5, s. 987-997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Three prospective studies have evaluated the association between dietary acrylamide intake and endometrial cancer (EC) risk with inconsistent results. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between acrylamide intake and EC risk: for overall EC, for type-I EC, and in never smokers and never users of oral contraceptives (OCs). Smoking is a source of acrylamide, and OC use is a protective factor for EC risk. METHODS: Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for the association between acrylamide intake and EC risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Acrylamide intake was estimated from the EU acrylamide monitoring database, which was matched with EPIC questionnaire-based food consumption data. Acrylamide intake was energy adjusted using the residual method. RESULTS: No associations were observed between acrylamide intake and overall EC (n = 1382) or type-I EC risk (n = 627). We observed increasing relative risks for type-I EC with increasing acrylamide intake among women who both never smoked and were non-users of OCs (HRQ5vsQ1: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.08-3.62; likelihood ratio test (LRT) P-value: 0.01, n = 203). CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intake of acrylamide was not associated with overall or type-I EC risk; however, positive associations with type I were observed in women who were both non-users of OCs and never smokers.</p>
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49.
  • Ohlsson, Lina, et al. (författare)
  • Lymph node tissue kallikrein-related peptidase 6 mRNA : a progression marker for colorectal cancer.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 107:1, s. 150-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background:A most important characteristic feature for poor prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) is the presence of lymph node metastasis. Determination of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) mRNA levels in lymph nodes has proven powerful for quantification of disseminated tumour cells. Here, we investigate the utility of human tissue kallikrein-related peptidase 6 (KLK6) mRNA as a progression biomarker to complement CEA mRNA, for improved selection of patients in need of adjuvant therapy and intensified follow-up after surgery.Methods:Lymph nodes of pTNM stage I-IV CRC- (166 patients/503 lymph nodes) and control (23/108) patients were collected at surgery and analysed by quantitative RT-PCR.Results:Lymph node KLK6 positivity was an indicator of poor outcome (hazard ratio 3.7). Risk of recurrence and cancer death increased with KLK6 lymph node levels. Patients with KLK6 lymph node levels above the 90th percentile had a hazard ratio of 6.5 and 76 months shorter average survival time compared to patients with KLK6 negative nodes. The KLK6 positivity in lymph nodes with few tumour cells, that is, low CEA mRNA levels, also indicated poor prognosis (hazard ratio 2.8).Conclusion:In CRC patients, lymph node KLK6 positivity indicated presence of aggressive tumour cells associated with poor prognosis and high risk of tumour recurrence.</p>
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50.
  • Osorio, A., et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of the XRCC1 gene as a phenotypic modifier in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Results from the consortium of investigators of modifiers of BRCA1/BRCA2
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 104:8, s. 1356-1361
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in DNA repair are good candidates to be tested as phenotypic modifiers for carriers of mutations in the high-risk susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2. The base excision repair (BER) pathway could be particularly interesting given the relation of synthetic lethality that exists between one of the components of the pathway, PARP1, and both BRCA1 and BRCA2. In this study, we have evaluated the XRCC1 gene that participates in the BER pathway, as phenotypic modifier of BRCA1 and BRCA2. METHODS: Three common SNPs in the gene, c.-77C&gt;T (rs3213245) p.Arg280His (rs25489) and p.Gln399Arg (rs25487) were analysed in a series of 701 BRCA1 and 576 BRCA2 mutation carriers. RESULTS: An association was observed between p.Arg280His-rs25489 and breast cancer risk for BRCA2 mutation carriers, with rare homozygotes at increased risk relative to common homozygotes (hazard ratio: 22.3, 95% confidence interval: 14.3-34, P&lt;0.001). This association was further tested in a second series of 4480 BRCA1 and 3016 BRCA2 mutation carriers from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2. CONCLUSIONS AND INTERPRETATION: No evidence of association was found when the larger series was analysed which lead us to conclude that none of the three SNPs are significant modifiers of breast cancer risk for mutation carriers.</p>
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