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41.
  • Larsson, D. E., et al. (författare)
  • Chromosomal damage in two X-ray irradiated cell lines: influence of cell cycle stage and irradiation temperature
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 27:2, s. 749-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate if irradiation with X-rays in different cell cycle phases resulted in a different response as measured with the micronucleus technique. In addition, the influence of irradiation temperature was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells from a non-transformed human fibroblast cell line, HS2429, and a human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, were synchronized by thymidine block and irradiated at either 2 degrees C or 37 degrees C in the G1-, S- and G2/M-phases. After cytokinesis-block by cytochalasin B, the frequency of micronuclei was determined. RESULTS: Clear dose-response relationships were found. More micronuclei were detected in fibroblast cells irradiated in G1 and S than in G2/M, while the differences were not as prominent in MCF-7 cells. The irradiation temperature had no significant influence on the formation of micronuclei in either of the cell lines. CONCLUSION: The formation of micronuclei varies with the cell cycle stage at the time of irradiation.
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42.
  • Larsson, Dhana E., et al. (författare)
  • Identification and evaluation of potential anti-cancer drugs on human neuroendocrine tumor cell lines
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 26:6B, s. 4125-4129
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate drug sensitivity in neuroendocrine tumor cell lines. Materials and Methods: In vitro drug sensitivity screening was performed using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay in one human pancreatic carcinoid and two human bronchial carcinoid cell lines. In addition, a normal human retinal pigment epithelial cell line was used for comparison. A total of 18 drugs with different mechanisms of action were tested. Results: The most active agents were brefeldin A, emetine, bortezomib and idarubicin, having IC50 values < 1 μM in all four cell lines. In addition, the three tumor cell lines showed sensitivity for sanguinarine, Bay11-7085, mitoxantrone, doxorubicin, β-lapachone, NSC 95397 and CGP-74514A. Conclusion: The cell lines were sensitive for several drugs acting in different ways, covering a broad spectrum of mechanisms of action. Some of these compounds may possibly be used in clinical trials and show therapeutic effect in patients with neuroendocrine tumors.
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43.
  • Larsson, Dhana E., et al. (författare)
  • The Cytotoxic Agents NSC-95397, Brefeldin A, Bortezomib and Sanguinarine Induce Apoptosis in Neuroendocrine Tumors In Vitro
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 30:1, s. 149-156
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate the apoptosis resulting from NSC 95397, brefeldin A, bortezomib and sanguinarine in neuroendocrine tumor cell lines. Materials and Methods: A multiparametric high-content screening assay for measurement of apoptosis was used. The human pancreatic carcinoid cell line, BON-1, human typical bronchial carcinoid cell line NCI-H727 and the human atypical bronchial carcinoid cell line NCI-H720 were tested. After incubation with cytotoxic drugs, the DNA-binding dye Hoechst 33342, fluorescein-tagged probes that covalently bind active caspase-3 and chloromethyl-X-rosamine to detect mitochondrial membrane potential were added. Image acquisition and quantitative measurement of fluorescence was performed using automated image capture and analysis instrument ArrayScan. In addition, nuclear morphology was examined on microscopic slides stained with May-Grunewald-Giemsa. Results: A time- and dose-dependent activation of caspase-3 and increase in nuclear fragmentation and condensation were observed for the drugs using a multiparametric apoptosis assay. These results were confirmed with nuclear morphological examination on microscopic slides. Conclusion: NSC 95397, brefeldin A, bortezomib and sanguinarine induced caspase-3 activation with modest changes in nuclear morphology.
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44.
  • Larsson, Lena, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of High Mobility Group A proteins in oral leukoplakia
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 33:10, s. 4261-4266
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Oral leukoplakia (LPL) is considered a potentially malignant disorder in the oral cavity and the gastric tract. The high mobility group A (HMGA) proteins are important in the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells, but there is a lack of knowledge about their importance in development of oral cancer. The aim of the current project was to investigate HMGA expression in LPLs with different levels of dysplasia. Materials and Methods: Biopsies were histologically processed to visualize the expression of HMGA1 and HMGA2 using immunohistochemistry. Results: An increase of HMGA1-positive cells correlating to the degree of dysplasia was registered in the epithelium and in the connective tissue. HMGA2 expression was seen in the epithelium and in the connective tissue but with no obvious correlation to the level of dysplasia. Conclusion: This is, to our knowledge, the first study showing the expression of HMGA proteins in healthy and non-healthy oral mucosa.
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45.
  • Larsson, P A, et al. (författare)
  • Non-random chromosome rearrangements in herpes simplex virus type 1 transformed diploid CHEF cells
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 12:3, s. 863-868
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effects of Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) on diploid, non-tumourigenic Chinese hamster embryo fibroblasts (CHEF/18-1D-3) were studied. Six independent lines transformed by HSV-1 alone or by HSV-1 in combination with acyclovir or aqueous tobacco extract were isolated. In contrast to uninfected CHEF/18-1D-3 cells, all transformants grew in soft agar and were tumourigenic in nude mice. Neither infectious virus nor viral antigens could be detected in any of the lines. Cytogenetic analysis revealed clonal chromosome abnormalities in all lines including trisomy for the long arm of chromosome 3 in five lines. In three of these the extra 3q was translocated onto 6p. All lines showed loss of the corresponding 3p arm. The remaining line had a hypodiploid stemline with loss of one chromosome 7. This line also showed a pronounced chromosomal instability with a multitude of mainly sporadic rearrangements. These results show that HSV-1 induced transformation and tumourigenesis in CHEF cells is associated with the induction of chromosome rearrangements, in particular trisomy for 3q.
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46.
  • Laurell, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Why do surgeons miss malignancies in patients with acute abdominal pain?
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 26:5B, s. 3675-3678
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim of this study was to characterize patients seeking medical advice for acute abdominal pain who were later diagnosed with an intra-abdominal malignancy. Patients and Methods: Patients with acute abdominal pain were registered between 1997 and 2000, employing a detailed schedule comprising 111 parameters. The diagnoses (n =2395 patients) were re-evaluated one year later. Results: A total of 66 patients (2.8%) were found to have an intra-abdominal malignancy at follow-up, of whom 37 cases had been undetected at discharge. Malignancy of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas constituted 30% and colorectal cancer 32% of the tumours undetected at discharge. Constipation, intestinal obstruction and non-specific abdominal pain (NSAP) were the most common preliminary diagnoses in patients among whom abdominal malignancy was later detected. Conclusion: Except for age and pain duration, the history and clinical investigation provide few clues to suggest an abdominal malignancy in patients with acute abdominal pain. NSAP, of unknown or known etiology, including constipation, should be suspected as a possible sign of abdominal malignancy in all patients over 50 years of age.
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47.
  • Laytragoon-Lewin, Nongnit, et al. (författare)
  • Direct Effects of Pure Nicotine, Cigarette Smoke Extract, Swedish-type Smokeless Tobacco (Snus) Extract and Ethanol on Human Normal Endothelial Cells and Fibroblasts
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 31:5, s. 1527-1534
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The adverse health effects of cigarette smoking are well established including the increased risk of various types of cancer. In this study, the direct effects of ethanol, pure nicotine, cigarette smoke extract and Swedish type smokeless tobacco (Snus) extract on normal cells were investigated. Materials and Methods: Primary normal adult human endothelial cells and fibroblasts at early passage were used. Upon exposure to pure nicotine, cigarette smoke extract, Snus extract and ethanol, these cells were assessed for DNA synthesis, gene expression profile and cellular morphology. Results: Normal human fibroblasts and endothelial cells have unique gene expression profiles. The effects of treatment with ethanol and nicotine from different sources was more prominent in endothelial cells than fibroblasts. The combination of alterated gene expressions and strongly inhibited DNA synthesis was only detected in cells exposed to smoke extract. In the presence and absence of ethanol, pure nicotine and Snus extract induced abnormalities in the cytoplasm without any significant degree of cell death. With similar doses of nicotine and ethanol, the additional components in smoke extract had a dominant effect. The smoke extract induced vast cellular abnormalities and massive cell death. Conclusion: Cigarette smoke induced massive cell death and various abnormalities at cellular and molecular levels in surviving endothelial cells and fibroblasts. The combination of genomic alterations and the chronic inflammatory microenvironment induced from massive cell death, will potentially promote tumourigenesis and various diseases in cigarette smokers.
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48.
  • Laytragoon-Lewin, Nongnit, et al. (författare)
  • DNA Content and Methylation of p16, DAPK and RASSF1A Gene in Tumour and Distant, Normal Mucosal Tissue of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 30:11, s. 4643-4648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Long-term survival of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients has not improved significantly during the last 20 years and recurrent disease is frequently observed. In this study, the potential presence of pre-malignant cells or rare malignant cells at the time of diagnosis in HNSCC was investigated. Patients and Methods: Fifty-nine biopsies obtained from 41 HNSCC patients were analysed. Eighteen of these biopsies were normal mucosal tissue, located at least 5 cm from the tumour margin. DNA content and DNA methylation of p16, DAPK and RASSF1A was examined. Results: Thirty-nine out of 41 (95%) tumour biopsies showed p16 methylation and 21 (51%) of them displayed aneuploidy. Of 18 distant normal mucosal biopsies, 6 (33%) of these showed evidence of aneuploidy and 15(83%) of them showed methylated p16 genes. Among paired samples, the highest frequencies of DNA methylation were found in tumours with aneuploidy. Regardless of DNA content, methylation at DAPK, RASSF1A or p16 were found in the corresponding distant mucosal biopsies. Conclusion: The cells with abnormal DNA content or DNA methylation in mucosal tissue were not detected clinically or by pathological macroscopic and microscopic examination. Thus, distant mucosal tissue DNA content and DNA methylation analyses in combination with histopathology will provide a better prognostic base for the evaluation and treatment of HNSCC patients.
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49.
  • Laytragoon-Lewin, Nongnit, et al. (författare)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV), DNA aberrations and cell cycle progression in anal squamous cell carcinoma patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 27:6C, s. 4473-4479
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections of the genital tract are sexually transmitted and prevalent worldwide. In this study, the role of HPV in 72 patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma was investigated. Patients and Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in combination with in situ hybridization was used to identify HPV-DNA in the patients' biopsies. The HPV typing was conducted by pyrosequencing. Cell cycle and DNA content were analysed by cytometry. Results: Ninety percent of the carcinoma biopsies carried high-risk oncogenic HPV in their malignant cells. Eighty-one percent of these demonstrated a single infection with HPV16, 18 or 33 and 19% were double infected with HPV16 and HPV18. Accumulations of viral genes were seen at the necrotic area of the tumours. The HPV genome in the tumour cell influenced significantly the host cell cycle progression, but not DNA aberrations. Within these patients, HPV status in the malignant cells was not found to be associated with patient survival time. Conclusion: High-risk oncogenic HPV may play an important role in the initiation of host cell proliferation in anal squamous cell carcinoma. However, infection with HPV may not have any direct influence itself on the clinical outcome of these patients considering the treatments currently available.
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50.
  • Laytragoon-Lewin, Nongnit, et al. (författare)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV), DNA aberrations and cell cycle progression in anal squamous cell carcinoma patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 27:6C, s. 4473-4479
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human papillomavirus (HP) infections of the genital tract are sexually transmitted and prevalent worldwide. In this study, the role of HPV in 72 patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma was investigated. Patients and Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in combination with in situ hybridization was used to identify HPV-DNA in the patients biopsies. The HPV typing was conducted by pyrosequencing. Cell cycle and DNA content were analysed by cytometry. Results: Ninety percent of the carcinoma biopsies carried high-risk oncogenic HPV in their malignant cells. Eighty-one percent of these demonstrated a single infection with HPV16, 18 or 33 and 19% were double infected with HPV16 and HPV18 Accumulations of viral genes were seen at the necrotic area of the tumours. The HPV genome in the tumour cell influenced significant the host cell cycle progression, but not DNA aberrations. Within these patients, HPV status in the malignant cells was not found to be associated with patient survival time. Conclusion: High-risk oncogenic HPV may play an important role in the initiation of host cell proliferation in anal squamous cell carcinoma. However, infection with HPV may not have any direct influence itself on the clinical outcome of these patients considering the treatments currently available.
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