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  • Resultat 21-30 av 71
  • Föregående 12[3]4567...8Nästa
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21.
  • Eklöf, Jenny, 1973- (författare)
  • Success Story or Cautionary Tale? : Swedish Ethanol in Co-existing Science-Policy Frameworks
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - Oxford University Press. - 0302-3427. ; 38:10, s. 795-806
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sweden's consumption of transport ethanol has given the country a specific biofuel profile in Europe. In recent commentary, Sweden is either depicted as an environmental role model, or figures as a cautionary tale of things going wrong. In both cases, science plays a central role for how this success, or failure, has been achieved. Drawing on the insight that science and policy are highly interwoven, the article identifies different, co-existing and sometimes conflicting, science-policy frameworks. It sets out to shed some light over the complexities of science-policy interactions in the biofuel case and argues that one needs to ask which science is relevant for which policy choice, be aware that lack of scientific certainty carries different weight in different political situations and recognise that high decision-stakes entail value-plurality, also within scientific circles.
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22.
  • Elzinga, Aant, 1937- (författare)
  • Features of the current science policy regime: Viewed in historical perspective
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - 0302-3427. ; 39:4, s. 416-428
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper aims to throw into relief some of the general features in the development of the history of science policy by drawing attention to the continuation and deepening of old issues in new forms within the current science policy regime. The paper presents a typology which distinguishes different ways in which policy attempts to 'account' for public funding of science by showing how science contributes to wealth and prosperity. The paper concludes that the new forms of accounting place the focus of attention on what is 'produced' in science and that science policy itself has become dominated by the logic of globalism and new public management.
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23.
  • Fagerberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • National innovation systems: the emergence of a new approach
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - Oxford University Press. - 1471-5430. ; 38:9, s. 669-679
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The term 'national innovation systems' surfaced for the first time in print during the late 1980s and, in the years that followed, several important contributions on this topic appeared. This paper investigates the role that this new literature plays within innovation studies and the world of science more generally and discusses the sources for its emergence. With the help of expert assessments, the three most important contributions to the 'national innovation systems' literature are identified. Then the citations to these works in scholarly journals in the Web of Science are presented and the characteristics of the 'national innovation systems' literature, as compared with other areas of research, are analyzed.
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24.
  • Fogelberg, Hans, et al. (författare)
  • Regional innovation policy and public-private partnership: The case of Triple Helix Arenas in Western Sweden
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - 0302-3427. ; 39:3, s. 347-356
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Policies for regional innovation in Sweden rely on the view that different groups of actors enter into collaboration on the basis of a mutual interest. One recent organisational expression of this view is the development of innovation policy and development organisations known as 'Arenas'. These organisations were modelled on the Triple Helix innovation theory, which is known for promoting innovation as collaboration between industry, university and policy. This paper analyses the historical development of two such Arenas, which were created by public and private actors in two Swedish cities. The study used a historical case-study approach, combined with interviews with project management and project workers, to highlight the difficulties in stabilising broad collaboration patterns. The paper concludes that diverging interests may result in unresolved tensions within Triple Helix Arenas.
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25.
  • Frishammar, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • A Knowledge-based Perspective on System Weaknesses in Technological Innovation Systems
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - 0302-3427. ; 46:1, s. 55-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The literature on technological innovation systems (TIS) provides policymakers and other actors with a scheme of analysis to identify system weaknesses. In doing so, TIS analysis centres on which system weaknesses policy interventions should target to promote further development of a particular system. However, prior TIS literature has not sufficiently elaborated on what may constitute the conceptual roots of a ‘weakness’. We apply a knowledge-based perspective and propose that many—albeit not all—system weaknesses may root in four types of knowledge problems: uncertainty, complexity, equivocality, and ambiguity. Employing these as sensitizing concepts, we study system weaknesses by analysing data from a biorefinery TIS in Sweden. This analysis results in novel implications for the TIS literature and for achieving a better match between system weaknesses and the design of innovation policies.
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30.
  • Hallonsten, Olof (författare)
  • Development and transformation of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, 1942-2017
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - Oxford University Press. - 1471-5430. ; 45:5, s. 634-644
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article chronicles and analyzes the history of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, which corresponds to an organizational field of research institutes outside academia and private firms. Using secondary sources and governmental documentation, the chronicle begins with the forming of a number of industry-specific and industry-owned institutes in the 1940s and ends with today’s reformed and state-owned institute group called Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). The analysis demonstrates the potential of theoretical tools from historical institutionalism in longitudinal analyses of research policy, by putting the spotlight on an organizational field that has developed in the shadow of major science policy decision-making, largely through processes of conversion and drift. The article identifies path dependence as a key feature of the national Swedish R&D system, and thus confirms, in the area of research policy, the historical-institutionalist postulation that organizational fields and societal sectors often transform gradually and incrementally, with preserved macro-level stability.
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  • Resultat 21-30 av 71
  • Föregående 12[3]4567...8Nästa
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