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21.
  • Aalipour, Mojgan (författare)
  • Human Factors Approach for Maintenance Improvement
  • 2015
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>The purpose of this research work is to explore and describe human factors affectingmaintenance execution. To achieve the purpose of this study, the influencing factors have been identified using a literature survey. They have been categorized into four main groups namely organizational, workplace, job and individual factors. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method is employed on data questionnaires to rank the priority of the factors. The interrelationships between these factors have been recognized by theInterpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) model. In the present case studies, MICMAC1analysis technique is also implemented for identifying the driving, dependent, linkage and autonomous factors. The data was collected through a questionnaire survey involving the participation of 16 and 25 maintenance staff and 10 mining experts in Swedish and Iranian mines, respectively. Within the study, it has been identified that the temperature, work layout, tools design and tools availability are the most important factors in both mines related to these categories. However, the significant factors in the organizational and individual categories are different in the selected mines. The effect of workplace factors on the maintainability of mining equipment is discussed and thereafter a methodology for maintainability management in the design and operation phases is developed. In the thirdcase study HEART2 is applied to estimate the probability of human error occurring duringmaintenance execution in an Iranian cable company. This research supports maintenance management to gain knowledge of human factors that affect maintenance execution. Further, this understanding could be useful in the development of strategies to improve the execution of maintenance.Keywords: Human Factors, Maintenance Management, Human Reliability, HumanPerformance, AHP, ISM, MICMAC, HEART</p>
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22.
  • Aalipour, Mojgan, et al. (författare)
  • Human reliability assessment (HRA) in maintenance of production process : a case study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Systems Assurance Engineering and Management. - 0975-6809 .- 0976-4348. ; 7:2, s. 229-238
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Human reliability makes a considerable contribution to the maintenance performance, safety, and cost-efficiency of any production process. To improve human reliability, the causes of human errors should be identified and the probability of human errors should be quantified. Analysis of human error is very case-specific; the context of the field should be taken into account. The aim of this study is to identify the causes of human errors and improve human reliability in maintenance activities in the cable manufacturing industry. The central thrust of this paper is to employ the three most common HRA techniques—human error assessment and reduction technique, standardized plant analysis risk-human reliability, and Bayesian network—for estimating human error probabilities and then to check the consistency of the results obtained. The case study results demonstrated that the main causes of human error during maintenance activities are time pressure, lack of experience, and poor procedure. Moreover, the probabilities of human error, obtained by employing the three techniques, are similar and consistent</p>
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23.
  • Aalipour, Mojgan, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of Factors affecting Human performance in Mining Maintenance tasks
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop and congress on eMaintenance : June 17-18 Luleå, Sweden : eMaintenance, Trends in technologies & methodologies, challenges, possibilites and applications. - Luleå : Luleå tekniska universitet. - 978-91-7439-972-1 - 978-91-7439-973-8 ; s. 71-76
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This paper investigates the factors affecting humanperformance in maintenance task in mining sector. Theobjective is identify various factors and to classify them asdriving (strong driving power and weak dependence) anddependent factors (weak driving power and strongdependence). The factors were identified through literaturesurvey and are ranked using mean score of data questionnaire.The reliability of measures is pretested by applyingCronbach’s alpha coefficient to responses to a questionnairegiven to maintenance personnel. The interrelationshipsbetween human factors have been recognized by interpretivestructural modeling (ISM). Further, these factors have beenclassified using matrice d'impacts croises-multiplicationappliqué à un classement (MICMAC) analysing. This casestudy will figure out the factors affecting human performancefor deriving maintenance management insights to improveproductivity in the mining sector. Further, this understandingmay be helpful in framing the policies and strategies formining industry. Temperature, lighting, documentation,communication and fitness are driving factors. Moreover,Work layout, tools availability, complex tasks, time pressure,safety, boss decisions, training, fatigue and motivation havestrong driving power as well as high dependencies and itcomes under the category of linkage factors.</p>
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24.
  • Aalipour, Mojgan, et al. (författare)
  • Maintainability management of production facilities in complex and challenging operating conditions
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) : Singapore, 6-9 Dec. 2015. - Piscataway, NJ : IEEE Communications Society. - 9781467380669 ; s. 817-820
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>As equipment becomes more complex, repair process becomes more complicated, costly and time-consuming. Maintainability principles are developed to facilitate the repair process. Maintainability principles are applied in design phase and they are characteristic that affects time, accuracy, ease and safety requirements of the repair process. Considering Maintainability principles in the design phase are critical in challenging operational conditions such as Arctic offshore. To have an effective design for maintainability a systematic management approach is required during the design phase. This paper is developed a systematic guideline for maintainability management as an engineering discipline for challenges operational condition</p>
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25.
  • Aalipour, Mojgan, et al. (författare)
  • Work place factors effect on maintainability in challenging operating conditions
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) : Singapore, 6-9 Dec. 2015. - Piscataway, NJ : IEEE Communications Society. - 9781467380669 - 978-1-4673-8066-9 ; s. 767-771
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Some industries such as mining industry create complex and challenging work place for maintenance crews. For example in an underground mine, for some machines, heavy maintenance tasks must be performed on site in a limited workspace in a harsh environment, including dust and improper illumination. Such operating conditions can increase the health, safety, and environment (HSE) risk, reduce the availability of the machines and increase the life cycle cost of equipment. A review of current mining equipment design and maintenance procedure confirms that considerable reduction in HSE risk, as well as substantial cost savings, can be achieved by considering human factors. This study discusses the effect of workplace factors on the maintainability of mining equipment. It presents the results from questionnaires on the effect of work place factors on maintainability performance given to maintenance staff at two mines, one in northern Sweden and the other in Iran.</p>
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26.
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27.
  • Aardal, Karen, et al. (författare)
  • Decomposition principles applied to the dynamic production and work-force scheduling problem
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: Engineering Costs and Production Economics. - 0167-188X .- 1878-4011. ; 12:1-4, s. 39-49
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>One of the most important problems in the production and inventory planning field, is the scheduling of production and work force in a dynamic environment. Although this problem can be formulated as a linear program, it is often quite difficult to solve directly, due to its large scale. Instead, it might be fruitful to use a decomposition approach. Decomposition, in general, means decomposing a difficult problem into several easier, or a sequence of easier problems which are later coordinated to reconstruct the original problem.In this report we discuss several possibilities of applying the most common decomposition principles, namely Benders (primal) and Datnzig-Wolfe (dual), as well as a relatively new decomposition method, called cross decomposition, to the dynamic, multiproduct production and employment planning problem. A number of special cases are also presented.</p>
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28.
  • Aardal, Karen, et al. (författare)
  • On the resemblance between the Kornai-Liptak and cross decomposition techniques for block-angular linear programs
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Operational Research. - 0377-2217 .- 1872-6860. ; 46:3, s. 393-398
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this paper the resemblance is demonstrated between the master- and subproblems generated by the Kornai-Liptak algorithm and the subproblems obtained by using the cross decomposition method on linear optimization problems with block-angular structure. The significance of the similarity between these two algorithms becomes apparent considering the main disadvantage attributed to cross decomposition. In cross decomposition a master problem has to be solved from time to time since the subproblems alone do not always give a converging sequence of primal and dual solutions. But if the cross decomposition algorithm is modified in such a way that the successive primal and dual subproblem solutions are taken into consideration with equal weights, this results in the Kornai-Liptak algorithm for which convergence is guaranteed</p>
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29.
  • Aarrevaara, Timo, et al. (författare)
  • Introduction
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Higher Education and Research in Academe : Who should pay?. - Luleå : Luleå tekniska universitet. - 978-91-7439-974-5 - 978-91-7439-975-2 ; s. 11-17
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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30.
  • Aas, Gro Hanne (författare)
  • Kvinneforskningspolitiske (pr)øvelser
  • 1999
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Målsettingen for licentiatuppsatsen er å analysere nordisk kvinneforsknings formuleringer av forskningspolitiske felter, problemstillinger og utfordringer, og gjennom kontakt og diskusjon bidra til samarbeid, diskusjoner og offentlighet om forskingspolitikk i kvinneforskning. Arbeidet har tatt utgangspunkt i relativt nytt materiale fra Danmark, Norge og Sverige. I kap. 1 presenteres prosjektet, problemstillinger og materiale. Kapitlene 2-6 består av innledninger og artikler holdt eller skrevet i løpet av de to senaste åren. Diskusjoner om kjønn og akademia står i fokus i kap. 2 - "Universities have politics". I kap. 3, artikkelen "Gamle og nye drømmer", diskuteres et kvinneforskningspolitiske intervensjonsprosjekt som blev utført for en del år tilbake, og det antydes noen nye omdreiningspunkter for et slikt arbeid. Enkelte perspektiver utdypes i kap. 4, "Kvinneforskningens samfunnskontrakt", hvor termen "kvinneperspektiv" som forskningspolitisk term granskas krtitiskt. De to siste kapitlene tar utgangspunkt i den norske forskningsmeldingen som kom våren 1999. Ut fra tre lesestrategier forsøkes det leses muligheter for kvinneforskningspolitiske strategier. Det ses også på innholdet i regjeringens forskningspolitiske verdidebatt, og det diskuteres mulige intervensjoner i denne ut fra feministiske vitenskaps- og teknologistudier.</p>
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