SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Öberg Kjell 1946 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Öberg Kjell 1946 )

  • Resultat 11-20 av 47
  • Föregående 1[2]345Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
11.
  • Ferolla, Piero, et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy and safety of long-acting pasireotide or everolimus alone or in combination in patients with advanced carcinoids of the lung and thymus (LUNA) : an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 2 trial
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The Lancet Oncology. - 1470-2045 .- 1474-5488. ; 18:12, s. 1652-1664
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundThere are no data from prospective studies focused exclusively on patients with advanced lung and thymic carcinoids. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of long-acting pasireotide and everolimus, administered alone or in combination, in patients with advanced carcinoids of the lung or thymus.MethodsLUNA was a prospective, multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 2 trial of adult patients (aged >18 years) with advanced (unresectable or metastatic), well differentiated carcinoid tumours of the lung or thymus, with radiological progression within 12 months before randomisation, and a WHO performance status of 0–2. At each centre, the investigator or their designee registered each patient using an interactive voice recognition system into one of the three treatment groups. The randomisation allocation sequence was generated by an external company; patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive treatment with long-acting pasireotide (60 mg intramuscularly every 28 days), everolimus (10 mg orally once daily), or both in combination, for the core 12-month treatment period. Patients were stratified by carcinoid type (typical vs atypical) and line of study treatment (first line vs others). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients progression-free at month 9, defined as the proportion of patients with overall lesion assessment at month 9 showing a complete response, partial response, or stable disease according to local Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1, assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug and had at least one post-baseline safety assessment. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01563354. The extension phase of the study is ongoing.FindingsBetween Aug 16, 2013, and Sept 30, 2014, 124 patients were enrolled from 36 centres in nine countries: 41 were allocated to the long-acting pasireotide group, 42 to the everolimus group, and 41 to the combination group. At month 9, the proportion of patients with an overall lesion assessment of complete response, partial response, or stable disease was 16 of 41 patients (39·0%, 95% CI 24·2–55·5) in the long-acting pasireotide group, 14 of 42 patients (33·3%, 19·6–49·5) in the everolimus group, and 24 of 41 patients (58·5%, 42·1–73·7) in the combination group. The most common grade 1–2 adverse events with a suspected association with long-acting pasireotide monotherapy were diarrhoea (15 [37%] of 41), hyperglycaemia (17 [41%]), and weight loss (8 [20%]); those with a suspected association with everolimus monotherapy were stomatitis (26 [62%] of 42) and diarrhoea (16 [38%]); and those suspected to be associated with combination treatment were hyperglycaemia (27 [66%] of 41]), diarrhoea (19 [46%]), and asthenia (8 [20%]). The most common grade 3–4 adverse events with a suspected association with long-acting pasireotide monotherapy were γ-glutamyltransferase increased (four [10%] of 41 patients), diarrhoea (three [7%]), and hyperglycaemia (three [7%]); those for everolimus were hyperglycaemia (seven [17%] of 42 patients), stomatitis (four [10%]), and diarrhoea (three [7%]); those for combination treatment were hyperglycaemia (nine [22%] of 41 patients) and diarrhoea (four [10%]). 11 patients died during the core 12-month treatment phase or up to 56 days after the last study treatment exposure date: two (5%) of 41 in the long-acting pasireotide group, six (14%) of 42 in the everolimus group, and three (7%) of 41 in the combination group. No deaths were suspected to be related to long-acting pasireotide treatment. One death in the everolimus group (acute kidney injury associated with diarrhoea), and two deaths in the combination group (diarrhoea and urinary sepsis in one patient, and acute renal failure and respiratory failure in one patient) were suspected to be related to everolimus treatment. In the latter patient, acute renal failure was not suspected to be related to everolimus treatment, but respiratory failure was suspected to be related.InterpretationThe study met the primary endpoint in all three treatment groups. Safety profiles were consistent with the known safety profiles of these agents. Further studies are needed to confirm the antitumour efficacy of the combination of a somatostatin analogue with everolimus in lung and thymic carcinoids.
  •  
12.
  •  
13.
  • Grimaldi, Franco, et al. (författare)
  • Assessment of Response to Treatment and Follow-Up in Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets. - : Bentham Science. - 1871-5303 .- 2212-3873. ; 18:5, s. 419-449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Well-established criteria for evaluating the response to treatment and the appropriate follow-up of individual patients are critical in clinical oncology. The current evidence-based data on these issues in terms of the management of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) are unfortunately limited. This document by the Italian Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AME) on the criteria for the follow-up of GEP-NEN patients is aimed at providing comprehensive recommendations for everyday clinical practice based on both the best available evidence and the combined opinion of an interdisciplinary panel of experts. The initial risk stratification of patients with NENs should be performed according to the grading, staging and functional status of the neoplasm and the presence of an inherited syndrome. The evaluation of response to the initial treatment, and to the subsequent therapies for disease progression or recurrence, should be based on a cost-effective, risk-effective and timely use of the appropriate diagnostic resources. A multidisciplinary evaluation of the response to the treatment is strongly recommended and, at every step in the follow-up, it is mandatory to assess the disease state and the patient performance status, comorbidities, and recent clinical evolution. Local expertise, available technical resources and the patient preferences should always be evaluated while planning the individual clinical management of GEP-NENs.
  •  
14.
  •  
15.
  •  
16.
  • Lamarca, Angela, et al. (författare)
  • Advanced small-bowel well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours : An international survey of practice on 3(rd)-line treatment
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - : BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 27:10, s. 976-989
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND Somatostatin analogues are an established first-line therapy for well differentiated small bowel neuroendocrine tumours (Wd-SBNETs), while and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is frequently used as a second-line therapy. Adequate treatment selection of third-line treatment remains challenging due to the limited prospective data currently available on the best therapeutic sequence. AIM To understand current practice and rationale for decision-making by physicians in the 3(rd)-line setting by building an online survey. METHODS Weighted average (WA) of likelihood of usage between responders (1 very unlikely; 4 very likely) was used to reflect the relevance of factors explored. RESULTS Replies from representatives of 28 centers were received (5/8/2020-21/9/2020); medical oncologist (53.6%), gastroenterologist (17.9%); United Kingdom (21.4%), Spain (17.9%), Italy (14.3%). Majority from European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) Centres of Excellence (57.1%), who followed ENETS guidelines (82.1%). Generally speaking, 3(rd)-line treatment for Wd-SBNETs was: everolimus (EVE) (66.7%), PRRT (18.5%), liver embolization (LE) (7.4%) and interferon-alpha (IFN) (3.7%); chemotherapy (0%); decision was based on clinical trial data (59.3%), or personal experience (22.2%). EVE was most likely used if Ki-67 < 10% (WA 3.27/4) or age < 70 years (WA 3.23/4), in the 3(rd)-line setting (WA 3.23/4); regardless of presence/absence of carcinoid syndrome (CS), rate of progression or extent of disease. Chemotherapy was mainly utilised only if rapid progression (within 6 mo) (WA 3.35/4), Ki-67 10%-20% (WA 2.77/4), negative somatostatin receptor imaging (WA 2.65/4) or high tumour burden (WA 2.77/4); temozolomide or streptozocin was used with capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (57.7%), FOLFOX (5-FU combined with oxaliplatin) (23.1%). LE was selected if presence of CS (WA 3.24/4) or Ki-67 < 10% (WA 2.8/4), after progression to other treatments (WA 2.8/4). IFN was rarely used (WA 1.3/4). CONCLUSION Everolimus was the most frequently used therapeutic option in the third-line setting. The most important factors for decision-making included Ki-67, rate of progression, functionality and tumour burden; since this decision is based on multiple factors, it highlights the need for a multidisciplinary assessment.
  •  
17.
  •  
18.
  • Malczewska, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • An Assessment of Circulating Chromogranin A as a Biomarker of Bronchopulmonary Neuroendocrine Neoplasia : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 110:3-4, s. 198-216
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Management of bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasia (NEN; pulmonary carcinoids [PCs], small-cell lung cancer [SCLC], and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma) is hampered by the paucity of biomarkers. Chromogranin A (CgA), the default neuroendocrine tumor biomarker, has undergone wide assessment in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.Objectives: To evaluate CgA in lung NEN, define its clinical utility as a biomarker, assess its diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive efficacy, as well as its accuracy in the identification of disease recurrence.Methods: A systematic review of PubMed was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. No language restrictions were applied. Overall, 33 original scientific papers and 3 case reports, which met inclusion criteria, were included in qualitative analysis, and meta-analysis thereafter. All studies, except 2, were retrospective. Meta-analysis statistical assessment by generic inverse variance methodology.Results: Ten different CgA assay types were reported, without consistency in the upper limit of normal (ULN). For PCs (n = 16 studies; median patient inclusion 21 [range 1-200, total: 591 patients]), the CgA diagnostic sensitivity was 34.5 +/- 2.7% with a specificity of 93.8 +/- 4.7. CgA metrics were not available separately for typical or atypical carcinoids. CgA >100 ng/mL (2.7 x ULN) and >600 ng/mL (ULN unspecified) were anecdotally prognostic for overall survival (n = 2 retrospective studies). No evidence was presented for predicting treatment response or identifying post-surgery residual disease. For SCLC (n = 19 studies; median patient inclusion 23 [range 5-251, total: 1,241 patients]), the mean diagnostic sensitivity was 59.9 +/- 6.8% and specificity 79.4 +/- 3.1. Extensive disease typically exhibited higher CgA levels (diagnostic accuracy: 61 +/- 2.5%). An elevated CgA was prognostic for overall survival (n = 4 retrospective studies). No prospective studies evaluating predictive benefit or prognostic utility were identified.Conclusion: The available data are scarce. An assessment of all published data showed that CgA exhibits major limitations as an effective and accurate biomarker for either PC or SCLC. Its utility especially for localized PC/limited SCLC (when surgery is potentially curative), is limited. The clinical value of CgA remains to be determined. This requires validated, well-constructed, multicenter, prospective, randomized studies. An assessment of all published data indicates that CgA does not exhibit the minimum required metrics to function as a clinically useful biomarker for lung NENs.
  •  
19.
  • Malczewska, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • NETest Liquid Biopsy Is Diagnostic of Lung Neuroendocrine Tumors and Identifies Progressive Disease
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 108:3, s. 219-231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: There are no effective biomarkers for the management of bronchopulmonary carcinoids (BPC). We examined the utility of a neuroendocrine multigene transcript "liquid biopsy" (NETest) in BPC for diagnosis and monitoring of the disease status.Aim: To independently validate the utility of the NETest in diagnosis and management of BPC in a multicenter, multinational, blinded study.Material and Methods: The study cohorts assessed were BPC (n = 99), healthy controls (n = 102), other lung neoplasia (n = 101) including adenocarcinomas (ACC) (n = 41), squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) (n = 37), small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) (n = 16), large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) (n = 7), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (n = 50). BPC were histologically classified as typical (TC) (n = 62) and atypical carcinoids (AC) (n = 37). BPC disease status determination was based on imaging and RECIST 1.1. NETest diagnostic metrics and disease status accuracy were evaluated. The upper limit of normal (NETest) was 20. Twenty matched tissue-blood pairs were also evaluated. Data are means +/- SD.Results: NETest levels were significantly increased in BPC (45 +/- 25) versus controls (9 +/- 8; p < 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve was 0.96 +/- 0.01. Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were: 92, 84, and 100%. NETest was also elevated in SCLC (42 +/- 32) and LCNEC (28 +/- 7). NETest accurately distinguished progressive (61 +/- 26) from stable disease (35.5 +/- 18; p < 0.0001). In BPC, NETest levels were elevated in metastatic disease irrespective of histology (AC: p < 0.02; TC: p = 0.0006). In nonendocrine lung cancers, ACC (18 +/- 21) and SCC (12 +/- 11) and benign disease (IPF) (18 +/- 25) levels were significantly lower compared to BPC level (p < 0.001). Significant correlations were evident between paired tumor and blood samples for BPC (R: 0.83, p < 0.0001) and SCLC (R: 0.68) but not for SCC and ACC (R: 0.25-0.31).Conclusions: Elevated - NETest levels are indicative of lung neuroendocrine neoplasia. NETest levels correlate with tumor tissue and imaging and accurately define clinical progression.
  •  
20.
  • Malczewska, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • NETest liquid biopsy is diagnostic of small intestine and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and correlates with imaging
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Endocrine Connections. - : BIOSCIENTIFICA LTD. - 2049-3614 .- 2049-3614. ; 8:4, s. 442-453
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Current monoanalyte biomarkers are ineffective in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). NETest, a novel multianalyte signature, provides molecular information relevant to disease biology. Aim(s): Independently validate NETest to diagnose GEP-NETs and identify progression in a tertiary referral center. Materials and methods: Cohorts are 67 pancreatic NETs (PNETs), 44 small intestine NETs (SINETs) and 63 controls. Well-differentiated (WD) PNETs, n = 62, SINETs, all (n = 44). Disease extent assessment at blood draw: anatomical (n = 110) CT (n = 106), MRI (n = 7) and/or functional Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT (n = 69) or F-18-FDG-PET/CT (n = 8). Image-positive disease (IPD) was defined as either CT/MRI or Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT/F-18-FDG-PET/CT-positive. Both CT/MRI and Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT negative diagnosis in WD-NETs was considered image-negative disease (IND). NETest (normal: 20): PCR (spotted plate s). Data: mean +/- SD. Results: Diagnosis: NETest was significantly increased in NETs (n = 111; 26 +/- 21) vs controls (8 +/- 4, p < 0.0001). Seventy-five (42 PNET, 33 SINET) were image positive. Eleven (8 PNET, 3 SINET; all WD) were IND. In IPD, NETest was significantly high er (36 +/- 22) vs IND (8 +/- 7, P < 0.0001). NETest accuracy, sensitivity and specificity are 97, 99 and 95%, respectively. Concordance with imaging: NETest was 92% (101/110) concordant with anatomical imaging, 94% (65/69) with Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT and 96% (65/68) dual modality (CT/MRI and Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT). In 70 CT/MRI positive, NETest was elevated in all (37 +/- 22). In 40 CT/MRI negative, NETest was normal (11 +/- 10) in 31. In 56 Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT positive, NETest was elevated (36 +/- 22) in 55. In 13 Ga-68-SSA-PET/CT negative, NETest was normal (9 +/- 8) in ten. Disease status: NETest was significantly higher in progressive (61 +/- 26; n = 11) vs stable disease (29 +/- 14; n = 64; P < 0.0001) (RECIST 1.1). Conclusion: NETest is an effective diagnostic for PNETs and SINETs. Elevated NETest is as effective as imaging in diagnosis and accurately identifies progression.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 11-20 av 47
  • Föregående 1[2]345Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy