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Sökning: WFRF:(Adolfsson Lars 1955 )

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  • Johansson, Marianne, 1951, et al. (författare)
  • Gender perspective on quality of life, comparisons between groups 4-5.5 years after unsuccessful or successful IVF treatment.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. - : Informa UK Ltd.. - 1600-0412 .- 0001-6349. ; 89:5, s. 683-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare quality of life in men and women who had in vitro fertilization (IVF) within the Swedish public health system 4-5.5 years previously, either unsuccessfully and were subsequently living without children, or successfully, having children aged 4-5.5 years. These groups were compared to a control group of men and women with children born at the same time as in the successful group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Reproductive Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. SAMPLE: Twenty-six men and 37 women in the unsuccessful group, 135 men and 154 women in the successful group and 93 men and 118 women in the control group. METHODS: Questionnaire study. The respective gender differences were studied in the control and study groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological general well-being (PGWB), sense of coherence (SOC), experience of infertility, demographic-socio-economic, and health characteristics. RESULTS: Men in the unsuccessful IVF group scored lower in total PGWB and SOC indices than the successful group men. They reported more depression, lower PGWB and lower SOC than the control group men. Women in the unsuccessful IVF group reported more anxiety, depression, and lower SOC than the successful group women and more depression and lower SOC indices than control group women. Men and women in the unsuccessful IVF group did not differ in any of the parameters. Men in the successful IVF group had higher PGWB, less signs of depression and more self-confidence than women in that group. CONCLUSION: Quality of life in men seems more negatively affected by involuntary infertility than reported in earlier studies.
  • Johansson, Marianne, 1951, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life for couples 4-5.5 years after unsuccessful IVF treatment
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. - London : Informa Healthcare. ; 88:3, s. 291-300
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To describe quality of life in men and women who had terminated in vitro fertilization (IVF) within the public health system 4-5.5 years previously, and for whom treatment did not result in childbirth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Reproductive Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. SAMPLE: Four hundred pairs were invited to participate, 71% accepted and 68% completed questionnaires. METHODS: Questionnaire study. Study subgroups were compared with a control group with children and with each other. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB), Sense of Coherence (SOC), experience of infertility, demographic-socio-economic and health characteristics were measured. RESULTS: Surprisingly, 76.7% had or lived together with children; 39.6% had biological children, 34.8% had adopted and 3.7% were parents to both biological and adopted children. No differences were found between the study and the control groups, except in SOC which scored lower in the study group. The study group with children had a higher PGWB index than the 23.3% without children and the controls. SOC scored higher in the subgroup with than those without children. Infertility was still a central issue in the subgroup without children. CONCLUSION: Despite having undergone unsuccessful IVF within the public health system, more than 75% lived with children 4-5.5 years later. This subgroup had a better quality of life, compared to those without children. Additional IVF treatment may result in increased quality of life.
  • Nestorson, Jens, 1969- (författare)
  • Arthroplasty in Elbow Fracture Treatment
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice for distal humeral fractures. Stable fixation is required to allow early mobilisation and to reduce the risk of poor functional results. In an elderly patient with osteoporotic bone and with a comminuted intra-articular fracture stable internal fixation can be difficult to achieve. In these cases elbow arthroplasty is an option.An irreparable radial head fracture can be treated by excision or replacement. The indications for the respective procedure are unclear since reports include an array of different associated soft-tissue and bony injuries.The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the use, complication rates and functional outcome of elbow arthroplasty as primary treatment for complex distal humeral fractures and assess the usefulness of radial head replacement in Mason IV fracture dislocations.50 patients, aged 56-89 years were treated for a distal humeral fracture with primary hemi-arthroplasty using the Kudo© humeral component or the Latitude® prosthesis. The functional outcome was assessed retrospectively. The majority of the 50 patients treated with a primary hemi-arthroplasty for a distal humeral fracture had a good or excellent functional result and regained a functional arc of movement of at least 100 degrees at medium term follow-up. There were six patients suffering secondary surgery and two with persistent ulnar nerve symptoms. Wear of the olecranon fossa was seen, mainly in the eight patients treated with a non-anatomical implant (Kudo®). Functional results were comparable to total elbow arthroplasty and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for distal humeral fractures. The use of implants that are more anatomical seemed to reduce the degree of olecranon wear but long-term results are lacking.The nationwide use of primary arthroplasty for a distal humeral fracture between 1999 and 2014 was examined using three different registers. The survival rates in relation to prosthetic desing, age and sex were investigated using Cox regression analysis and number of adverse events recorded.In total 405 patients were treated with primary arthroplasty for a distal humeral fracture. The mean age at surgery was 75 years and the mean observation time was 67 months. Eighteen patients had undergone revision surgery and another 26 patients suffered an adverse event, 24 of which required secondary surgery.Increasing age reduced the risk for revision and there was no significant difference in survival between total- and hemi arthroplasty. The cumulative survival rate at 5 years was 99% (CI 98-100) and at 10 years 90% (CI 85-96). Elbow arthroplasty as primary treatment for distal humeral fractures produced reliable results with regards to revision surgery and adverse events.18 patients, age 19-79 years, treated with radial head replacement, and 14 patients, age 29-70 years, treated with radial head resection, for a Mason IV fracture dislocation were retrospectively reviewed.There were no significant differences in functional outcome in patients treated with replacement or excision for a Mason IV fracture dislocation. The rate of secondary surgery was higher in patients treated with replacement and ulno-humeral osteoarthritis was more pronounced in patients treated with radial head excision but follow-up was longer in these patients. Functional results were not improved by using radial head arthroplasty for Mason IV fracture dislocation. Secondary osteoarthritis is a concern in patients treated with excision but did not affect functional outcome after a mean follow-up time of 108 months.
  • Nordqvist, Jenny, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • A short activity-related scale for measuring shoulder function in patients with subacromial pain : the DASH 7
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: JSES Open Access. - : Elsevier. - 2468-6026. ; 1:2, s. 113-118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Subacromial pain is a common cause of shoulder dysfunction that negatively affects quality of life. Currently, most outcome measures for shoulder pain are applied to a heterogeneous group of patients. Of these measures, the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) is the most widely recognized test with which to assess patients with subacromial pain. The primary aim of this study was to assess the content validity of DASH for patients with subacromial pain, with a secondary aim to test responsiveness to a modified set of DASH items tailored to these patients. Methods There were 129 patients who reported activities in the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS). To assess validity, 5 independent physiotherapists matched PSFS activities to the most appropriate DASH item. DASH items identified as being of greatest importance to patients were those corresponding to the highest number of PSFS-matched activities. Calculations were made for responsiveness and internal consistency. Results Physiotherapists matched DASH items to 271 PSFS activities, reaching agreement for almost 80%. Seven DASH items (DASH 7) were identified as being particularly important. Effect size data (Cohen's d) were 0.93 for DASH 7, 0.92 for DASH 30, and 0.85 for QuickDASH; the corresponding Cronbach's α values (for DASH 7, DASH 30, and QuickDASH) were 0.84, 0.94, and 0.86, respectively. Conclusions DASH 7 is a short, patient-centered, and activity-related scale that can measure shoulder function in patients with subacromial pain using a quarter of the original DASH items. DASH 7 demonstrated responsiveness, with a satisfactory level of internal consistency.
  • Nordqvist, Jenny, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Heterogeneity among patients with subacromial pain – variabilities within clinical presentation and its impact on daily life
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Physiotherapy. - 0031-9406 .- 1873-1465.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The primary aim was to describe the variability within clinical presentation of patients with subacromial pain in primary care, secondly to investigate associations between clinical presentation and self-reported pain intensity, shoulder function, level of anxiety and depression, and health-related quality of life. Design and setting A cross-sectional study based on data from two clinical studies in primary care, one randomized controlled trial and one implementation study. Three components: active range of motion (AROM), rotator cuff function and scapular kinematics were analyzed to describe variability within clinical presentation and patient-reported measurements were used to investigate the impact on daily life. Participants Patients aged 30-67 years, describing pain for more than two weeks, and positive signs for a minimum of three out of the following five clinical tests: impingement sign according to Neer, impingement test according to Hawkins-Kennedy, Pattes maneuver, Jobe’s test, and painful arc. Results Among the 164 patients included, 24% displayed dysfunction in one, 50% two and 24% in all three components. Limited AROM was seen in 46%, rotator cuff dysfunction in 91% and scapular dyskinesia in 57% of the patients. Conclusions These results reveal a heterogeneity among primary care patients with subacromial pain confirming a large variability regarding the components AROM, rotator cuff function and scapular kinematics. All three components appear unique (not significantly correlated) where a rotator cuff dysfunction is very frequent while limited AROM and scapular dyskinesia are more inconsistent. There are significant, but rather weak, associations between clinical presentation and impact on daily life.
  • Nordqvist, Jenny, 1976- (författare)
  • Patients with subacromial pain in primary care : Assessment and efficacy of physiotherapy-guided exercise treatment
  • 2021
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder and 40-74% of the patients attending primary healthcare with a shoulder disorder are diagnosed with subacromial pain. Subacromial pain is characterized by restricted and painful movement of the arm that leads to difficulties in performing arm-related activities and often affects the quality of life profoundly, with respect to everyday function, work capacity, sleep quality and mental health. It is crucial that the measurements used to evaluate shoulder function and treatment response have acceptable psychometric properties and also that they are patients-specific and time-efficient to administer. For patients with subacromial pain, exercises are recommended as first-line treatment but consensus about which exercises and dosage to recommend has not been reached. The lack of evidence for one specific exercise model may be partly due to heterogeneity among this group of patients. The overall aim of this thesis were to evaluate the efficacy of a previously tested exercise strategy for patients with subacromial pain in a primary care setting, to describe the heterogeneity with possible subcategories among patients with subacromial pain, and finally to validate and adjust the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire for more diagnosis-specific clinical assessment. Methods: The four papers in this thesis are based on two clinical studies, one randomized controlled trial (RCT) and one clinical cohort. The participants in both studies were patients with subacromial pain attending physiotherapist (PT) in a primary care setting. Two of the papers are based on psychometric analyses, with evaluation of construct validity and responsiveness for the DASH when used to evaluate shoulder function in patients with subacromial pain, and also calculation of minimal important change (MIC) for a diagnosis-specific short version of DASH (DASH 7). A third paper describe clinical presentation in patients with subacromial pain, based on the components active range of motion (AROM), rotator cuff function and scapular kinematics and the fourth paper evaluated the efficacy of a 3-month specific exercise strategy in comparison to an active control strategy. Results: Seven items from the original DASH were identified as being the most important in evaluating patients with subacromial pain (resulting in the DASH 7 questionnaire). The DASH 7 shows good responsiveness, can discriminate between patients who perceive themselves as improved and those who do not, and maintain a high level of internal consistency for the assessment of shoulder function in patients with subacromial pain, using only a quarter of the items of the original DASH. Based on clinical presentation, patients with subacromial pain in the primary care setting comprise a heterogeneous group. Rotator cuff dysfunction, defined as pain during resisted isometric muscle-testing, is very frequently present while limitation in active range of motion and scapular dyskinesia are less common. After three months of exercise, both groups in the RCT had significantly improved with no between group difference as measured with the primary CM-score. However, as measured with the DASH and the DASH 7, the patients in the specific exercise group was significantly more improved compared to those in the active control group. Conclusions: The DASH 7 questionnaire is a short patient-reported outcome measurement (PROM) with good responsiveness, specific for patients with subacromial pain. Heterogeneity was confirmed with identified variability in AROM, rotator cuff function and scapular kinematics in clinical presentation which confirms that these components are important in the clinical examination of patients with subacromial pain. Shoulder function evaluated with the CM score did not improve to a significantly different degree between the two groups studied. The specific exercises might not be necessary for all patients in the primary care setting to achieve a clinically relevant improvement. However, the specific exercise strategy was significantly better when improvement was assessed by DASH and DASH 7, and this leads us to recommend this strategy, with its progressive loading of the rotator cuff muscles and scapula stabilizers, as first choice, provided that it is tolerated by the patient. 
  • Ranebo, Mats, 1970- (författare)
  • Rotator Cuff Tears : Short- and long-term aspects on treatment outcome
  • 2020
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Rotator cuff tear is a common disorder and there is a lack of knowledge of appropriate treatment and consequences of different treatment modalities. The overall aim of this thesis was to examine short- and long-term results of rotator cuff tear treatment.In Paper I we did a retrospective 21 to 25-year follow-up of a consecutive series of patients with partial and full-thickness rotator cuff tears, treated with acromioplasty without cuff repair. The cuff status had been documented in a specific perioperative protocol in all patients at the index operation. We did x-ray, ultrasonography and clinical scores with Constant score and Western Ontario Rotator Cuff index (WORC) at follow-up. We identified 111 patients with either a partial or a full-thickness tear, but at follow-up 21 were deceased and 11 were too ill from medical conditions unrelated to their shoulder. Out of the remaining 78 eligible patients, 69 were examined (follow-up rate 88 %) and they had a mean age at the index operation of 49 years (range 19-69 years). Forty-five had a partial tear and 24 a full-thickness tear at the index operation. At follow-up, 74% of patients with full-thickness tear had cuff tear arthropathy grade 2 or more according to the arthropathy classification of Hamada (grade 1 to 5) and 87% had developed tear progression (i.e. a larger tear). Corresponding numbers in those with a partial tear was 7 % arthropathy and 42 % tear progression, and the differences between the full-thickness group and the partial tear group was significant for both outcome measures (P<0.001 for both analyses). In those with arthropathy, the mean Constant score was 47 (standard deviation [SD], 23), the mean age and gender-adjusted Constant score 62 (SD, 27) and the mean WORC 58 % (SD, 26). Patients with a partial tear at follow-up had mean Constant score and WORC within the normal range. In multivariable analysis with logistic regression, having a full-thickness tear at the index operation was a risk factor for arthropathy (odds ratio [OR] 37.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 8.2-175.0) and for tear progression (OR 6.09; 95% CI, 1.41-26.29).In Paper II we examined the contralateral shoulder in the same patients as in paper I and with the same methodology. Sixty-one patients were examined and 38 had had a partial tear at the index operation 21-25 years ago and 23 a full-thickness tear. The overall rate of contralateral full-thickness tears was 50.8 %, which is higher than the 16-35 % rate found in previous studies of newly diagnosed cuff patients. The rate of contralateral full-thickness tear ranged from 13.6 % in patients with a partial tear in the index shoulder at follow-up, to 90 % in patients with a full-thickness tear and arthropathy in the index shoulder. There was a significant correlation regarding conditions between shoulders in the same patient, with a Spearman coefficient of 0.72 for the number of ten-dons with a full-thickness tear, 0.31 for Hamada grade of arthropathy and 0.65 for Constant score. The number of tendons with a full-thickness tear in the index shoulder at follow-up was a risk factor for a contralateral full-thickness tear (OR 3.28; 95% CI, 1.67-6.44) in a multi-variable logistic regression model. We also found that cuff tear arthropathy was significantly more common in patients who had undergone an acromioplasty (P<0.001), a finding which is not confirmatory but may generate a hypothesis.Paper III addressed 17 to 20-year results after operation with a synthetic interposition graft for irreparable cuff tears. We used X-ray, ultrasonography and clinical scores at follow-up. We identified a consecutive series of 13 patients, one of whom was deceased at follow-up. Ten of the remaining 12 participated in a complete follow-up and 2 did only x-ray examination. Nine out of 12 (75 %; 95% CI, 43-95 %) had cuff tear arthropathy Hamada grade 2 or more in the index shoulder at follow-up. The mean Constant score was 46 (SD, 26) and the mean WORC 59 % (SD, 20). Seven out of 12 had contralateral cuff tear arthropathy, and the difference in frequency of arthropathy between shoulders was not statistically significant (P=0.667).In Paper IV we tested whether early repair of small cuff tears, involving mainly supraspinatus, would give a superior clinical result com-pared to physiotherapy without repair in a prospective randomised trial with 12 months follow-up. We used Constant score as the primary out-come, and WORC, EQ-VAS and Numerical Rating Scale for pain (NRS) as secondary outcomes. We also aimed at assessing the rate of tear progression in unrepaired shoulders and the healing rate in repaired shoulders by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) performed at 12 months. With a high grade of follow-up (100 % for 12 months Constant score and 95 % for 12 months MRI), the repair group had a 12 months median Constant score of 83 (Quartile range [QR], 25) and the conservative group 78 (QR, 22). This between-group difference in medians of 4.5 (95% CI,-5 to 9; P=0.68) was not statistically significant and we did not detect any significant differences in the secondary outcomes at 12 months. The retear rate was 6.5 % in repaired patients and 29 % of unrepaired patients had a tear enlargement >5 mm.The results in this thesis indicate that patients with small, traumatic, full-thickness tears of mainly supraspinatus have no clinical benefit of early surgical repair compared to physiotherapy alone, but in the long-term, patients with full-thickness tears have an increased risk of tear progression, cuff tear arthropathy and low clinical scores. These results are especially important in the treatment decision of repair or not in younger patients. Having a full-thickness tear is also a risk factor for having a contralateral cuff tear, a phenomenon that underlines the importance of endogenous factors in the development of rotator cuff tears. If a cuff tear is not repairable to bone, the addition of a synthetic inter-position graft does not seem to prevent cuff tear arthropathy.
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