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Sökning: WFRF:(Ahlgren Christina) > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 11-16 av 16
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11.
  • Novak, Masuma, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • Inequalities in smoking: influence of social chain of risks from adolescence to young adulthood: a prospective population-based cohort study.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International journal of behavioral medicine. - : Springer Science & Business Media B.V.. - 1070-5503 .- 1532-7558. ; 14:3, s. 181-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The pathway between socioeconomic disadvantages and smoking is a process that requires an understanding of life-course influence.This study investigated pathways of social risks at different life stages that are linked to adolescent smoking and maintenance of smoking through to young adulthood.A cohort consisting of all pupils (n = 1083) from one Swedish city were followed from age 16 to age 30 (1981-1995), with a 96.4% response rate.Odds ratios of being a smoker at age 30 among low educated were 2.54 for men and 2.53 for women. Using structural equation model analysis for men and women, a strong chain of risks was found from age 16 linking to smoking at age 30: adolescents with adverse socioeconomic status (SES) were more likely from a divorced family. Being from a divorced family and having poor contact with their parents influenced their smoking directly and through peers. Adolescents with adverse SES were also likely to be unpopular in school, which affected their smoking behavior directly and through peers. These socially disadvantaged participants, who were smokers at age 16, continued smoking until age 30 years. The risk pathways were similar for both men and women.Adult smoking reflects the cumulative influence of multiple socioeconomic and psychosocial chains of risks experienced during upbringing. The programs that are addressed to reduce smoking among socially disadvantaged adolescents would have an impact in reducing smoking inequalities in adults.
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12.
  • Stenlund, Therese, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of qigong in patients with burnout : a randomized controlled trial
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. - 1650-1977 .- 1651-2081. ; 41:9, s. 761-767
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Qigong in rehabilitation for patients with burnout. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Eighty-two patients (68 women and 14 men, mean age 44.3 (standard deviation 9.1) years) diagnosed with burnout.METHODS: Basic care was offered to both the intervention and the control group. Patients in the intervention group received basic care and, in addition, performed Qigong twice a week for 12 weeks. Psychological variables, health-related quality of life, perceived relaxation and physical measurements were assessed at baseline and after the intervention period.RESULTS: No significant difference in treatment efficacy between the groups was found by either intention-to-treat or per-protocol analyses. Both groups improved significantly over time, with reduced levels of burnout, fatigue, anxiety and depression, and increased dynamic balance and physical capacity. CONCLUSION: In this study, a Qigong intervention twice a week for 12 weeks had no additional effect beyond basic care for patients with burnout.
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13.
  • Stenlund, Therese, et al. (författare)
  • Patients with burnout in relation to gender and a general population
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. - 1403-4948 .- 1651-1905. ; 35:5, s. 516-523
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: The aims of this study were to describe gender differences in patients with burnout and compare these patients with a general population with respect to physical, psychosocial and work variables. Methods: Data were collected from a total of 136 patients (96 women and 40 men, 41,6 ± 7,4 years), diagnosed with stress-related disease and burnout at the Stress Clinic, University Hospital of Umeå. Data on burnout, physical, psychosocial and work characteristics were compared with similar data from a geographical and age-matched population based survey, the 2004 Northern Sweden MONICA study. The survey sample included a total of 573 participants (283 women and 290 men, 40,7 ± 8,5 years). Results: Women with burnout reported a higher rate of impaired awakening, lower job control, greater proportion of unpaid work and worked to a greater extent ``with people'' compared to men. Men with burnout had a more restricted social network and reported working more overtime than women. Patients with burnout reported a higher rate of unemployment, a more restricted social network and higher work demands compared to a general population. Women with burnout reported less emotional support, a more sedentary work situation, high job strain and worked to a greater extent ``with people'' than women from the general population. Conclusions: There are some differences in working conditions and social network between women and men with burnout. Patients with burnout differ from a general population regarding individual and social factors as well as work-related factors.
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  • Resultat 11-16 av 16
  • Föregående 1[2]
 
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