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Sökning: WFRF:(Andreasson Håkan)

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81.
  • Morén, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Angiography and mfERG show that blood supply to the pig retina may be both ipsilateral and contralateral.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. - ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC. - 1552-5783. ; 54:9, s. 6112-6117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: We recently presented a transfemoral endovascular coiling technique for inducing experimental retinal ischemia in pigs. Substantial variation was seen in the degree of ischemia. It was hypothesized that the blood supply to the retina may originate from both the ipsi- and contralateral ophthalmic arteries, and that there may be an interconnecting artery between the eyes. Methods: The external carotid system of ten pigs was catheterized using a fluoroscopy- monitored, transfemoral, endovascular approach. Vascular occlusion was achieved in the ophthalmic artery using coils. The effect of occlusion was examined using angiography and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG). Results: During angiography of the ophthalmic artery on one side, contrast filling was seen in the retinas on both sides, suggesting that the ophthalmic artery on one side may supply both retinas. A blood vessel connecting the eyes was visualized. mfERG recordings showed that the use of coiling to occlude the ophthalmic artery had greater ischemic effects in eyes that depended mainly on the ipsilateral ophthalmic artery for blood supply and smaller ischemic effect in retinas that received blood from both the ipsilateral and contralateral ophthalmic artery via the interconnecting vessel. Conclusions: The blood supply to the retina may originate from both the ipsi- and contralateral ophthalmic artery in the pig. There is an interindividual variability in the ischemic effect of occlusion depending on the architecture of the vasculature. These findings may be important in the development of new animal models of experimental retinal ischemia, since arterial occlusion in one eye may affect the blood supply to the contralateral eye.
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82.
  • Morén, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Endovascular Coiling of the Ophthalmic Artery in Pigs to Induce Retinal Ischemia
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. - ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC. - 1552-5783. ; 52:7, s. 4880-4885
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE. The authors recently showed that the retinal circulation can be accessed by transfemoral endovascular catheterization. The purpose of this study was to examine whether endovascular coiling can be used to induce different degrees of ischemic injury. The possibility of creating occlusions at different sites in the vasculature to cause retinal ischemia with different degrees of severity was investigated. METHODS. The ophthalmic artery was catheterized through the external carotid system using a fluoroscopy-monitored, transfemoral, endovascular approach in 12 pigs (mean weight, 70 kg). The effects were evaluated using angiography and multifocal electroretinography. RESULTS. Occlusion of arteries supplying the retina was established using endovascular coiling. Coiling in the proximal part of the ophthalmic artery caused no or little ischemia, presumably because of collateral blood supply. Coiling in the distal part of the ophthalmic artery, over the branching of the main ciliary artery, caused more severe retinal ischemia. Multifocal electroretinography recordings, which reflect retinal function in an area close to the visual streak, showed decreased amplitudes and increased implicit times after distal occlusion, but not after proximal occlusion of the ophthalmic artery. The responses were similar 1 hour and 72 hours after coiling, indicating that a permanent ischemic injury was established. CONCLUSIONS. The porcine ophthalmic artery can be occluded using an endovascular coiling technique. This provides an experimental animal model of retinal ischemia in which occlusion at different sites of the vasculature produces different degrees of severity of the ischemic damage. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:4880-4885) DOI:10.1167/iovs.11-7628
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83.
  • Morén, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Multifocal electroretinogram for functional evaluation of retinal injury following ischemia-reperfusion in pigs.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie. - Springer. - 1435-702X. ; 248, s. 627-634
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) has the power to discriminate between localized functional losses and overall retinal changes when evaluating retinal injury. So far, full-field ERG has been the gold standard for examining retinal ischemia and the effects of different neuroprotectants in experimental conditions. The aim of the present study was to establish mfERG, with simultaneous fundus monitoring, for analyzing the localized functional response in the retina after ischemia-reperfusion in the porcine eye. METHODS: 70 kg pigs underwent pressure-induced retinal ischemia (1 hour) followed by reperfusion. mfERG recordings were obtained before and after ischemia, followed by 1 and 5 hours of reperfusion. Individual components of the summed mfERG responses were correlated to ischemia and the time of reperfusion. RESULTS: The visual streak area had significantly higher amplitudes than the optic nerve head and the area in between, suggesting that the mfERG monitors localized functional retinal responses. The mfERG recordings were altered following ischemia-reperfusion. In one group of animals, there was a complete flattening of the mfERG waveforms, indicating complete ischemic injury. In the other group of animals, ischemia-reperfusion altered the mfERG such that the implicit time was increased (20.82 +/- 0.18 before ischemia and 21.57 +/- 0.21 after ischemia and 1 hour of reperfusion, in the visual streak area, p < 0.05) and the amplitude was decreased (13.16 +/- 2.3 before ischemia and 11.47 +/- 0.88 after ischemia and 1 hour of reperfusion, in the visual streak area, p < 0.001), suggesting partial ischemic injury. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the porcine model of pressure-induced retinal ischemia-reperfusion results in mfERG changes, typical for retinal ischemia. mfERG may be a useful tool for evaluating and monitoring localized cone dysfunction after an ischemic injury.
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84.
  • Morén, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • The porcine retinal vasculature can be accessed using an endovascular approach, a new experimental model for retinal ischemia.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. - ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC. - 1552-5783. ; 50:11, s. 5504-5510
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose. The aim was to examine if the retinal circulation in the pig can be accessed using interventional neuroradiology and to explore the possibility to create occlusions that result in experimental retinal ischemia. Methods. Six experiments were performed using 100 kg pigs. The external carotid system was catheterizised using fluoroscopy monitored, transfemoral, endovascular approach. Transient and permanent vascular occlusions were performed using an angioplasty balloon catheter or a liquid embolic agent that was administered via an injection-catheter. Results. A technique for transfemoral catheterization of arteries supplying the retina was established. The ophthalmic artery was demonstrated to give rise to the main ciliary artery, from which the retinal artery branched as a single or several arteries. A balloon-catheter could be introduced into the ophthalmic artery, but not into the main ciliary artery. An injection-catheter could, in all experiments, be introduced into the main ciliary artery and, in some experiments, into the retinal artery. Occlusion of the ophthalmic artery, over the branching of the main ciliary artery, caused incomplete ischemia, presumably due to collaterals feeding the distal parts of the vasculature. mfERG recordings showed decreased amplitudes and increased implicit times, indicating retinal ischemia. Occlusion of the ciliary and retinal arteries caused complete ischemia, as shown by complete flattening of the mfERG recordings and, by indirect ophthalmoscopy, blanching of the retinal arteries and a pale retina Conclusions. We prove for the first time that the ophthalmic and retinal artery can be catheterizised using a transfemoral endovascular approach. This technique may be useful to produce clear-cut experimental retinal ischemia.
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85.
  • Samuelsson, Annika, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Disturbed intestinal microbiota (dysbiosis) and micro dynamics in patients treated for appendicitis and diverticulitis
  • ????
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Introduction: The human gut microbiota is a large dynamic bacterial community, which is influenced by for instance antibiotic treatment and hospitalization. In patients with inflammatory bowel disease the diversity of gut microbiota is thought to be less diverse. The role of the gut microbiota in acute appendicitis and diverticulitis is still unclear. To investigate the microbial diversity in patients suffering from appendicitis or diverticulitis, and the microbiota dynamics after antibiotic therapy and hospitalization we performed an open observation study.Methods and population: We have performed 16S rRNA sequence analysis on 42 individuals diagnosed with appendicitis and 18 individuals with diverticulitis as well as 33 healthy controls. Cultivation of the aerobic bacterial flora was performed as a complement to sequence analysis.Results: In sequencing data at genus level, there are distinctive differences when comparing healthy controls to patients diagnosed with appendicitis. Healthy controls have a flora dominated by Bacteroides, and Faecalibacterium, Ruminococcus and Prevotella while appendicitis patients show an intestinal flora with a higher abundance of Escherichia/Shigella and unclassified Enterobacteriaceae. The same pattern, however not quite as distinct could be seen for the diverticulitis patients. The microbial diversity increases after treatment with antibiotics and hospitalization.In the cultivated aerobic flora there was a significant loss of Escherichia coli and a significant gain of Citrobacter species, in the appendicitis group. In the appendicitis group as well as in the diverticulitis group there was a significant gain of Enterococcus faecium and Yeasts.Conclusion: The main findings of this study are that patients arriving at the emergency department with acute appendicitis or diverticulitis have an already significant disturbed fecal microbiota previous to antibiotic treatment and hospitalization.
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