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  • Johansson, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Work and Organization in a Digital Industrial Context
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Management Revue. - Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. - 0935-9915 .- 1861-9908. ; 28:3, s. 281-297
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>There are clear signs that digitalization attempts such as Industry 4.0 will becomemore apparent in workplaces. This development requires reflections and considerationsso we do not create more problems than we solve. In our paper, we have raisedseveral questions related to the Industry 4.0 that need answers: Is Industry 4.0 a discourse,an organizational model, or just technology? Does the requirement for flexibilitycall for a new labour market? How will Industry 4.0 affect competence andskill requirements? Will Industry 4.0 encourage a new gender order? Will Industry4.0 take over dangerous routine work or will old work environmental problems appearin new contexts and for other groups of workers? Can we rely on robots aswork mates or will they spy on us and report to management? Based on our analysis,we addressed four knowledge gaps that need more research in relation to thedigitalization of work: The relationship between new technology, working conditions,qualifications, identity, and gender; the future of the workers' collective;crowdsourcing in an industrial context; and human-machine interaction with a focuson integrity issues.</p>
  • Lassinantti, Josefin, et al. (författare)
  • Open data in Europe mapping user groups to future innovation impacts
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia. - AIS Electronic Library (AISeL). ; s. 160-176
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This study sets out to advance our understanding of how re-users are being portrayed in policy documents and in a set of topic reports. Drawing on user innovation theories, implications are discussed for the future innovation scene and its main identified user groups: companies and developers, researchers, journalists and non-governmental organisations. Findings reveal differences between the two types of documents, both in relation to the user groups presented and their role in the value chain. While the policy documents mainly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and emphasised economic values, the topic reports presented a much more diverse and heterogeneous view of open data users; revealing that there is no ‘one’ user group and impact’, rather, outcomes such as service innovation were related to all user groups. In particular, possible implications for innovation were related to three areas: 1) which re-user groups are acknowledged in the selected policy documents and topic reports?, 2) where in the data value chain are the different re-users placed and what value are they expected to generate?, 3) how might the current way of portraying re-users in policy documents and topic reports influence the shaping of the emerging open data innovation scene? For conclusion, this paper points to the identified simplistic view of user group’s relation to innovation in the policy documents as a possible hindrance for obtaining a broad innovation scene where heterogeneous innovations can emerge.</p>
  • Lassinantti, Josefin, et al. (författare)
  • Shaping local open data initiatives : politics and implications
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: System förAnvändardriven TjänsteInnovation Etapp 2.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This article explores different perspectives attributed to the open data initiatives and how these perspectives shape the opening-up process. A socio-technical lens, the social construction of technology, was used to analyse a qualitative cross-case study of two Swedish municipalities. Findings revealed two ways of interpreting open data initiatives: 1) as a platform for techno-economic growth and 2) as a platform for co-created societal growth. These two approaches addressed the municipalities respective contextual challenges and interests alongside national recommendations in their aims to realize the open data initiative. In doing so, they diverged into the evolvement toward two different ends: the realization of open data and the realization of open government. To excel the understanding of actions taken to meet these ends, an additional set of differences between these municipalities is provided within a sociotechnical framework that allows us to discuss diverging evolvements of open data initiatives based on agreed and non-agreed interpretations of what is believed to be constructed.</p>
  • Martin, Suzanne, et al. (författare)
  • MyHealth@Age improving health, safety and wellbeing for elderly people in remote rural areas
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: eChallenges e-2009 Conference Proceedings. - IIMC International Information Management Corporation. - 978-1-905824-13-7
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>It is generally accepted that the prevalence of illness is potentially greatest in the older age group including physical disabilities and mental health problems. Whilst this has implications for the individual and society in general, unique challenges present for those ageing within rural remote areas of the world . MyHealth@Age focuses on the development of eHealth services to citizens living in peripheral areas of Europe. Specifically, this innovative research has utilitsed the methodologies of the Living Labs utilising participatory qualitative research methods to empower the citizens to inform local sustainable service development, mapped to local needs. This paper will present the research objectives and findings of gathering user requirements. The research objectives include: Improved health, safety and well being for elderly people in northern periphery region.</p>
  • Meiland, FJ M., et al. (författare)
  • COGKNOW development of an ICT device to support people with mild dementia
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal on Information Technology in Healthcare. - 1479-649X. ; 5:5, s. 166-177
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: To develop a successful user-validated cognitive prosthetic device with associated services to help persons with mild dementia.Setting: The ICT solution will be developed by a consortium of eleven institutes in eight countries in Europe. It will be tested and evaluated by users (persons with dementia and their carers) in 3 European cities - Amsterdam, Belfast and Luleå.Methods: To identify and analyse the needs of persons with dementia, workshops and interviews were conducted with Alzheimer patients suffering from mild dementia, and their carers in three European cities. A literature search was also performed to identify existing proven effective ICT solutions for persons with dementia.Results: The most important needs and the most preferred ICT solutions identified by participants were (i) Activity reminders e.g. for eating meals; (ii) Item locators; (iii) Picture dialling to keep in contact with family and friends; (iv) Support for pleasure activities; (v) Enhancement of feelings of safety. Conclusion: Based on the needs identified, a prototype solution will be built, tested and modified as an iterative process. The device will ultimately be evaluated to see if it can enhance feelings of autonomy and quality of life of persons with dementia.</p>
  • Meiland, FJ M., et al. (författare)
  • COGKNOW : helping people with mild dementia navigate their day
  • 2007
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Dementia is a progressive, chronic disease affecting 5% of all persons above 65 and over 40% of people over 90. The aim of the COGKNOW project is to achieve a breakthrough with research that addresses the needs of those with dementia, particularly those with mild dementia living in the community. This entails cognitive reinforcement in four main areas: helping people to remember, helping to maintain social contact, helping with performing daily life and recreational activities and finally enhance feelings of safety. Based on a sound foundation of needs reported in dementia literature, workshops and individual interviews have been carried out with dementia sufferers and their carers in three European countries. A ranked analysis of information from workshops and interviews, and the state of the art of successful ICT solutions will be the basis for formulating the functionalities of the technical solution and for the development of a cognitive prosthetic device with associated services for people with mild dementia. The research and evaluation will be conducted from human factors, technology, and business perspectives in three phases of one year each. In this paper we discuss the design of the COGKNOW project, the first results of the user needs inquiry workshops and the ICT solutions the COGKNOW project will focus on in the first year.</p>
  • Melander-Wikman, Anita, et al. (författare)
  • Developing mobile ICT for improved health, safety and well-being together with elderly people experiences from the MyHealth@Age (2008-2010) project
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: MyHealth@Age.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The population is ageing in most economically developed countries. For elderly persons, safety is seen as important. The fear of falling is an experience that has been reported by numerous studies. Falls present the most common cause of injury in old age. A "health ageing paradigm" is a comprehensive approach to prevent injuries from falling. Home-based and mobile monitoring technology is considered to assist elderly people in terms of keeping healthy and staying at home longer. The MyHealth@Age Project (2008-2010) involves partners from Northern Ireland, Norway and Sweden. It aims to provide mobile ICT products and services to promote a process of healthy ageing. Thirteen elderly persons, 63-80 years of age, are the research persons in the Swedish part. The project-methodology is participatory and collaborative. It draws upon FormIT, Participatory and Appreciative Action & Reflection research (PAAR) and Living Lab approaches. Three areas were identified; safety, prescribed healthcare and social networking. Safety and freedom of mobility were the most important identified needs. Much of the learning was accumulated with regard to the processes of empowerment. It is important to co-construct empowering research and development methodologies, products and services, which promote social participation of elderly persons in order to keep healthy, safe and to promote well-being</p>
  • Melander-Wikman, Anita, et al. (författare)
  • Improving health and safety for elderly people through an ethic-of-appreciation
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging. - 1279-7707 .- 1760-4788. ; 13:6, Suppl. 1, s. S449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Introduction</p><p>This paper uses data from My Health @ Age (2008-2010), an EU, Northern Periphery funded project. Its aim is to offer the rapidly ageing population in the northern periphery regions of Europe, improved health, safety and well-being through the use of new services and new mobile ICT products. The project methodology is informed by the values and processes of Participatory Design, Form-IT and appreciative action research. The project's aim and its approach raise a fundamental ethical question, namely, ' In what ways do ICT solutions for improving the quality of life for older people (over 65 years) in the northern periphery regions, have an ethical dimension?</p><p>Methods</p><p>Our developing ethical awareness uses data from focus group meetings and storyboarding activities conducted with a group of 20 elderly persons, with/with out functional limitations, in Norrbotten, Sweden. Using conversational analysis, thematic elucidation, semiotic and iconographic analysis, we present our efforts to do the 'right thing' and the 'best thing' to enhance the well-being of elderly people.</p><p>Results</p><p>This paper illustrates ethical conflicts and dilemmas associated with trying to balance user needs ( e.g. elderly people, health care professionals) with technological (product) design requirements and commercial or market opportunities. Four ethical themes have emerged which, collectively, form an etic-of-appreciation. They are the need to clearly demonstrate an;* Ethic of respect: Where the lived experiences of older people are actively listened to.*Ethic of empowerment: Where older people feel they have a voice in descisions about their well-being.* Ethic of critique: Where power differentials that often constrain and marginalise older adults, are confronted.* Ethic of concern: Where ICT solutions enable older people to feel dignified and treated with kindness.ConclusionICT and ethics need to be creatively synthesised into an ethic-of-appreciation. This is imperative for projects based on participatory design principles.</p><p>References</p><p>Ghaye, T., Melander Wikman, A., Kisare, M., Chambers, P., Bergmark, U., Kostenius, C. and Lillyman, S. (2008) Participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) - democratizing reflective practices. Reflective Practice, 9(4) 361-397</p><p>Melander Wikman, A., Jansson, M. &amp; Ghaye, T. (2006) Reflections on an appreciative approach to empowering elderly people in home healthcare. Reflective Practice, 7; 4:423-443</p>
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